Minimalist art


With the passage of history , the emergence of new artistic trends has been seen which have played an extremely important role today in the area of architecture, sculpture and home decorations such as minimalist art.


What is minimalist art?

The minimalist art or minimalism  (comes from the translation of the English “Art minimalist”), is an artistic movement which was originated from another call pop art  Among his works seeks to maintain the minimum number of elements , in turn is that are the most basic possible but with pure colors , as well as includes a variety of geometric shapes , which seek to convey a message with simple language.


Characteristics of minimalist art

Taking into account minimalist art from a general point of view , the predominant characteristics are:

  • All the works are abstract at all , that is, only everything related to the material, its surface, size and color is taken into account .
  • They seek to suppress any ostentatious element which is not considered necessary within the composition of the work.
  • It tries to always keep within its structure, materials that have not been very manipulated , as well as create visual contrasts of two totally opposite elements such as thickness and fineness or also matt it with the gloss.


When we talk about the origin of minimalist art, it is immediately taken as a widely corrected but very extreme version of rationalism and abstraction , with respect to the artistic currents born in the 19th century, during the time of the industrial revolution in where innovation was sought in all areas in which the human being could develop.


In its beginnings, this artistic current the industrial revolution plays an extremely important role where the machine is established as the self-sufficient and perfect model where all works should reflect its perfect essence and physical structure .

This is why its bases seek to maintain various geometric figures with a simple composition. The term was used for the first time in 1965 by a philosopher named Richar Wollheim where he gave his opinion about a painting by Ad Reinhardt where he referred to it as a piece with great content at an intellectual level , but lacking in content. formal or more worked.

Minimalist painting

Within minimalist art, paintings are the easiest way to understand the bases that make up minimalism , where elements such as geometric shapes enlivened with intense colors are used, which are arranged among themselves with an almost perfect structure but that does not show no conspicuous or conspicuous features.


Within the artistic branches in which minimalist art was developed, it is architecture that arrived later . This was born in the 60s in the neighborhoods of New York. (Although it has European bases)

It is the German architect Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe who translates the artistic concepts of this current, using geometric figures as the purest elements that can be appreciated within an architectural structure.


For artists and specialists in it, the sculpture that is based on minimalist art is constituted as simple pieces which do not reveal any specific image but seek to carry a complex message to those who observe them. Most of the artists who create these sculptural pieces try to manipulate them as little as possible so that there is no type of element that links the human being with the work.


Within literature , minimalist art is represented through a written composition which seeks to reduce the use of adverbs as much as possible , where in turn they try to establish contexts where there is a large presence of synonyms . For specialists in literature, minimalist art within this area is characterized by a full system of economy of words.


Although it seems something quite strange, the truth is that minimalist art has also been presented within music in pieces that are composed from twelve-tone techniques,  where its notes, contrary to the common form of these techniques, are maintained for long periods of time.

Japanese minimalist art

Minimalism has presented different variations around the world , its Japanese variation being one of the most recognized. This was moved to a “Zen” style which is a distinctly oriental style, this takes the traditional elements of Japan and moves them to a style focused on the ecliptic concept , seeking to focus on the “loft” spaces where tall spaces predominate. with between floors or half levels seen from various angles.

Importance of minimalist art

Minimalist art has become very popular at this time as an artistic trend which transmits a message that, above all, has given it the connotation of “unique” to many interior decorators of high society. That is why it has been very present in many artistic pieces today and also in art galleries and museums.


Among the most outstanding works of minimalist art worldwide are:

  • The Carl Andre Exhibition at the Velázquez Palace: “Sculpture as a Place” at the Reina Sofía Museum.
  • The reconstruction of the German Pavilion by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in Barcelona.
  • Lines made in 1965 by Donald Judd and is located in London, Tate Modern.
  • More or less made in 1964 by Frank Stella and is in Paris, MNAM,
  • La Vecchia dell’Orto made in 1986, Frank Stella and located in Paris, MNAM.
  • Agbatana II made in 1968 by Frank Stella and is in New York, Whitney Museum.
  • The matter of time (its name in English is The Matter of Time), installed for 1994-2005 made by Richard Serra and is in Bilbao, Guggenheim Museum.
  • The square box made in 1967 by Richard Serra (New York, MOMA).
  • House of Cards made in 1969 by Richard Serra and is located in New York, MOMA.
  • Rectangle scale made in 1989 by Donald Judd and is in New York, Museum of Modern Art.
  • Electricity continues to be made in 1967 by Richard Serra (New York, MOMA).

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