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Militarism

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Today because of all global conflicts that have arisen throughout history, countries have understood how relevant it means the military forces within them, which is why every country now has armies to safeguard the nation , which has resulted in their having a strong influence within politics.

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What is militarism?

The militarism talks about when the armed forces (all these institutions) exert a strong influence on driving or political formation of a country. For their part, the military defends this trend because according to their discipline, norms, values ​​and their radical preparation that constitutes their ideology, they lead them to be the most indicated to take the positions of high command in a country and guide it through its policy of “If you want peace, prepare for war . 

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  • Definition
  • Characteristics of militarism
  • Story
  • Causes
  • Consequences
  • Militarism by country
  • Criticism of militarism
  • Importance

Definition

The militarism is one of the doctrines prevailing in the management of a country ‘s government , is the military influence that exists to defend and protect the life of a nation, its population and its political status is guarded turn this predominance.

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Characteristics of militarism

Among the main characteristics of militarism are:

  • Normally the armed forces are under the command of a head of state , who directs them under a series of norms that characterize the creation and maintenance of the establishment.
  • The people who are members of the armed forces are military calls that are coming out to attack to defend the sovereignty of a country, without them would not run anything.
  • The design of an army is directly proportional to the Country , since each country has different intra and extraterritorial threats depends on its geographical location, different needs, if its level of crime and corruption is low or high, what the level of the economy is like and how much dense is its population.
  • Its base structure is based on the Hierarchical , there are troops and military officers of different ranks

History

Historically the term militarism was used the first times to refer to the first Empires such as Sparta, Japanese, German, German-Nazi, the first French, British, United States Empire and the first to use it were Louis Blanc and Pierre Joseph Proudhon both French, around the 19th century and was applied to the Kingdom of Prussia (Germany)

Likewise, that kingdom from 1644 recruited mercenaries experts in weapons and combat techniques for personal defense that at that time also existed for civilians but all were recruited to start the first group of people in charge of protection in the reign of Frederick William I the which was postulated as ” The King Sergeant “.

This king created the first rules and penalties for the militants and made an institution for the training of professional officers, this resulted in the multiplication of the armed forces so much that it was the 4th largest army in Europe .

Then his successor who was his Son Frederick II continued optimizing the imperialist army and expanded the military arts beyond the borders, and they were covering many areas in society from commerce to the Aristocratic currents.

Causes

Its main causes are:

  • Under control of power in a nation by the rulers , situations beyond the control of the State and the armed force must intervene
  • Rivalries that may exist both at the national level and at the international level .
  • Disagreement with the leadership or political inclination that a country is having.
  • Very little care and attention towards the military , detracts its importance and value.

Consequences

The main consequences of militarism are:

  • It ends up imposing military laws or principles in civil life , seriously threatening fundamental civil liberties
  • Political disorder
  • They have very rigid and radical categories for the formation of a society
  • They increase and support both machismo and violence .
  • Huge amounts of money only go to the purchase of weapons and to invest in military technology.

Militarism by country

Japan

From the 1920s until the end of the Second World War , in charge of taking the reins of the ais, they are nationalists , expansionists, it is related to fascism , they were part of the axis powers in the 2nd world war. Its pioneers were Hiro Hito the Emperor, Hideki Tojo Prime Minister of Japan and Captain Mitsuo Fuchida,

Spain

It was in the Contemporary Age of Spain when  the military predominated in political life due to the many bloody wars after the disaster of the foreign colonial presence.

Latin america

  • It constitutes a fairly significant constant , with continuous military power and with the same strategies to get to command:
  • By military caudillismo , when the political vacuum arises due to the wars of independence.
  • The traditional one , when there are imbalances in most areas of the country, economic, social, etc.
  • The military coup.
  • They have generally been fascist military dictatorships .

Criticism of militarism

The militarism is generally judged to be in countries with political systems still undeveloped, immature and poorly consolidated . The emergence of militarism is an indicator of backwardness and weakness of the political system of a nation and demonstrates the desire of power to acquire benefits . In turn, this current is not capable of proposing, it simply imposes its laws and strategies for change from a single perspective .

Importance

It is admired by some and demonized by others , nowadays the main powers of the West have militarization at the forefront, it has evolved from its weapons to its expansion because they are not only officers who are in charge of this but they are also politicians, media and businessmen.

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