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Mild weather

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In geography, the temperate climate is the type of climate that is characterized by warm winds and moderate rainfall . The areas in which we can find a temperate climate are located between the tropics and the polar regions of our planet. Many experts and scientists have found that this is the optimal climate for proper development of the population, it ensures that good are given conditions of life .

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What is the temperate climate?

The temperate climate is the climate that has temperatures that vary regularly during the year, that manages to reach temperatures of up to 10 ° C and that due to its characteristics, has four different very well defined seasons :  spring , autumn , winter and summer .

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  • Characteristics of the temperate climate
  • Types of temperate climate
  • Fauna
  • Flora
  • Crops
  • Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • Where is it located
  • Countries with a temperate climate
  • Clothing for temperate weather

Characteristics of the temperate climate

The main characteristics of the temperate climate are the following:

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  • It can have rainfall of between 500 mm and 1,000 mm.
  • Places with a temperate climate have summers that are not too hot and winters that are not too cold.
  • The temperate zone of the northern stretches from the Tropic of Cancer to the pola circle r Arctic .
  • The southern temperate zone extends from the Tropic of Capricorn to the Antarctic Circle .
  • It has the four very well defined seasons : autumn, summer, winter and spring.
  • The rain during the winter is quite dominant .
  • It has great variations in rainfall and winds due to the different temperatures that occur between the tropics and the polar caps .
  • The differences between summer and winter are due to the inclination with which the sun’s rays fall on the Earth.
  • They have the presence of sub-climates .

Types of temperate climate

  • Subtropical humid temperate : they are located between 23.5 ° and 35 ° north or south latitude. It has summers long and hot and winters short and mild . The rainfall annually are concentrated in the warmest part of the year.
  • Temperate oceanic or marine : it is located in the middle latitudes of the planet, between 45 ° and 60 ° north and south latitude. Their temperatures depend on the latitude but they are generally cool and mild. They are located in the zones of influence of subpolar cyclones , their temperatures are moderate and their precipitations are well distributed during the winter.
  • Temperate Mediterranean : summers have long and hot and winters short and mild . They have a peak of rainfall in the winter season. It occurs mainly in coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea , in western coastal areas . Its summers are dry and sunny and can have subtropical anticyclones in summer and depressions during winter. The rainiest seasons are fall and winter.
  • Continental temperate : its winters are cold and dry , while the summers are warm and rainy. It is located in the northern hemisphere and is characterized by having taiga , meadow and steppe vegetation .

Fauna

The fauna of temperate forests is coupled to the rhythm of the four seasons . Most of the fauna in these forests hibernate , and some others resort to migration in order to survive times of scarcity and cold. Hibernation is the process in which some animals reduce their physical activity to slow down the body, stop growth and survive .

The fauna of the temperate forests is abundant and varied and a great variety of reptiles and rodents , insects and worms can be found that remove the humus. It is also common to find animals such as squirrels, mice, moles, deer, wild boars, badgers, foxes, lynxes, wolves, otters, hares, the brown bear, etc.

Flora

The temperate climate vegetation encloses the pampas or temperate prairies . It is similar to the tropical savanna and is made up of various grasses and small groups of trees. The vegetation is characterized by plants such as the warm and temperate steppe , grasses and thorns of the genus Acacia caven. The dense temperate forest predominates with trees such as oak and larch .

Crops

Among the most common crops that grow best in this type of climate, we mention the following:

  • Corn and quinoa
  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Tomatoes
  • Onions
  • Fruits such as apples, pears, cantaloupe, strawberry, and peaches

Temperature

The temperature in the temperate climate varies regularly throughout the year, usually it may reach temperatures ranging from 10 ° C up to -3 ° C . It should be remembered that this climate has all four seasons , which is why it encompasses a broad group of temperatures in a general way, since each season has its own characteristics.

Precipitation

In the temperate climate, it usually rains throughout the year and the rains are distributed throughout all months of the year. Basically, it rains at least once a month, however, as you move south , it is common to observe that the rains are more frequent during the winter .

Where is it located

In general, temperate climates are located in the northern and southern hemispheres , between parallels 30 and 60 °. In the west of the continents , between 30 and 45 ° latitude.

Countries with a temperate climate

The temperate climate can be found in South Asia , in the United States , some parts of Australia and on the east coast of South America , western Australia and Europe , in countries such as France , Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and in the European zone of Turkey .

Clothing for temperate weather

The clothes that are used in the temperate climate depends a lot on the season in which it is, so that, you can use warm clothes to avoid the cold, or cool clothes if the temperatures have risen and the heat has begun to show in the places where they live.

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