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Martin Luther King

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In the world, there have been many men and women who have fought in an extraordinary way for the rights of those most in need and who have sought for the equality of the individual regardless of their ethnicity or condition . One of the most recognized men in the world, was undoubtedly Martin Luther King . A pastor and activist from the United States who primarily fought for civil rights for all African Americans.

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 01/15/1929
  • Where he was born: Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • When he died: 04/04/1968
  • Where he died: Memphis, Tennessee, United States

Who was Martin Luther King?

Martin Luther King was a renowned American pastor and activist who fought to defend the civil rights of African Americans , a man who, inspired by Gandhi, managed to exercise nonviolent action in a large part of the community until the day he was assassinated.

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  • Martin Luther King’s biography
  • Personal life
  • Death
  • What did martin luther king do
  • Achievements
  • Martin Luther King speech
  • Importance
  • Phrases
  • Acknowledgments
  •  Presence in popular culture
  • Curiosities about Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King’s biography

Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929 in the city of Atlanta located in Georgia . His father Martin Luther King Sr. was a Pastor and his mother, Alberta Williams King, was a retired school teacher. He lived next door to his brothers Christine and Alfred in a neighborhood known as Sweet Auburn. He was an excellent student in several segregated public schools and later when he turned 15 he was admitted to Morehouse College , the same place where his father and grandfather had studied and from which he graduated in medicine and law..

He entered a graduate program at Boston University where he was able to obtain a doctorate in systemic theology . In 1954 he was also appointed as the Pastor of the Montgomery Baptist Church and served as a member of the Executive Committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People . He had to face the great racism and violence that existed mainly in the southern part of the United States against blacks and was a non-eye witness of the act committed by Rosa Parks, who decided not to give up his seat to a white man on the bus.

After this incident, he was in charge of leading a protest against public buses , a protest that lasted from December 1, 1955 to December 20, 1956, when the Supreme Court of Justice of the United States Unidos declared that the national public transportation segregation law was unconstitutional .

In 1957 he was elected as president of the southern conference of Christian Leadership , a pacifist organization that fought for civil rights. He was arrested in 1963 due to his participation in various peaceful protests during the Birmingham campaign. At that time he wrote his famous letter , an essay in which he made known the reasons for his protest and it was then that he received the support of the President of the United States John F. Kennedy , a week later he was released.

In 1963 , on August 28 , he was in charge of organizing the March on Washington in favor of work and freedom, it was at this moment that he gave his immortal speech in which he showed his desire to see America united living in equality.

Personal life

While she was studying in Boston she met Coretta Scott , whom she married in 1953. Together with her husband she had two sons, Dexter Scott and Martin Luther King III and two daughters Yolanda and Bernice King.

Death

On April 4, 1968 , while he was in a motel located in Memphis , Tennessee , where he would lead a protest march in favor of garbage collection workers, he was assassinated . A couple of months after his murder, James Earl Ray was arrested while attempting to escape to the UK, and to this day his murder is considered by many to be in fact a conspiracy.

What did martin luther king do

Martin Luther King was a renowned and prominent social activist and minister of the Baptist religion who played a pivotal role in the civil rights movement in the United States from the 1950s until he was assassinated. He was a man who always sought the equality of individuals and who defended the rights of African American citizens , fought for those who were in bad economic conditions and for all those who were victims of injustice , always using protest peacefully.

Achievements

Martin Luther King achieved many achievements for the benefit of the entire African American community and many other people who also had to face racist episodes and attacks against their human rights. Some of these achievements were the following:

  • He led the boycott of buses in Montgomery after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and was arrested by the laws of racial segregation.
  • He founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957 to fight for civil rights.
  • He led the Birmingham Campaign , a place where black citizens faced legal and cultural discrimination.
  • He was part of one of the six major civil rights organizations that organized the march in Washington for jobs and freedom.
  • His speech succeeded in intensifying the movements for civil rights .
  • Thanks to him , the Civil Rights Law was approved in 1964 and the Voting Rights Law in 1965, which would later become law.
  • He was the youngest man to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for leading a nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in the United States.

Martin Luther King speech

The March on Washington , on August 28, 1963 ended with one of the most important speeches made by Martin Luther King . This speech was called ” I have a dream ” and in it, he made a strong appeal for peace and equality , a speech that was considered and still is a masterpiece of rhetoric . Standing memorial to Lincoln , who had brought down slaveryin the United States years ago, he took it upon himself to share his vision of the future in which “this nation will rise up and live the true meaning of its creed: we hold that these truths are self-evident, that all men are created equal.”

This speech gave Martin Luther King more reputation both at home and abroad and at that time he became the man of greatest importance for the fight for peace and civil rights, making him the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize . This speech collect all the feelings and voices of thousands of people struggling and needed more and better equality of civil rights for African Americans.

Importance

Martin Luther King is considered one of the most important men in world history for being a staunch defender of civil rights and for having stood up to everything without having to use violence in his fight against racism . It is currently considered a symbol of world peace and its legacy in defense of human and civil rights , for freedom for class equality continues to be in force in the face of discrimination that exists in its country.

It was thanks to him that the right to vote and a series of social benefits for people of color such as access to libraries, public transportation and even parking lots were achieved . He left an important legacy against discrimination in the United States and in the world.

Phrases

Some of his most remembered phrases were the following:

  • I dream that one day, in the red hills of Georgia, the children of former slaves and the children of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the brotherhood table.
  • I have a dream, only one dream, keep dreaming. Dreaming of freedom, dreaming of justice, dreaming of equality and I wish I no longer had the need to dream them.
  • What is worrisome is not the wickedness of the wicked but the indifference of the good.
  • If man has discovered nothing to die for, he is not worth living.
  • The moment comes when silence is treason.
  • It is always the right time to do what is right.
  • If I help a single person to have hope, I will not have lived in vain.
  • Injustice anywhere is a threat to anyone’s justice.

Acknowledgments

There were also many prizes that were awarded to Martin Luther King, one of the most important was the Nobel Peace Prize that was awarded to him on October 14, 1964 for his intense work without violence to find the racial discrimination that is lived in the United States. Other of the prizes that were granted to him are the following:

  • Person of the Year in 1963
  • Presidential Medal awarded in 1977
  • In 2004, he was awarded the gold medal of the United States Congress
  • Spingarn Medal in 1957
  • He was inducted into the Grammy Awards Hall of Fame in 2012
  • He received the Jawaharlal Nehru Award in 1966

 Presence in popular culture

Today and in popular culture the figure and memory of Martin Luther King are still alive and still are important. Several artists have written songs in his honor, for example, Stevie Wonder who wrote the song called ” Happy Birthday ” in which different events starring blacks are mentioned. The famous musical group U2 wrote several songs in his honor such as ” MLK ” and ” Pride “.

In the film and television series X-Men , Stan Lee was inspired by the strength and life of Martin Luther King to create the character of Charles Xavier . The song from the soundtrack to the movie Matrix , which was created by the group Rage Against the Machine, also talks about the murder of Martin. In 2014 , the film called Selma was created , in which to dine on the entire life story of this important activist, a film that managed to obtain two Oscar nominations for film and original song. Various documentariesThey have also been made to narrate his important work, for example, “ Yo no soy tu Negro, ” a documentary that tells the history of civil rights measures equality in the African-American community.

Curiosities about Martin Luther King

Some curiosities of this important character are mentioned below.

  • Since 1986 to celebrate in the United States the day of Martin Luther King Jr.
  • While on the balcony of the motel he was killed by a gunshot to the head that was fired by a sniper .
  • According to the story, when he was just six years old, white children told him they couldn’t play with him because of his skin color.
  • His wife, Coretta Scott , was also an important activist .
  • For several years he was watched and persecuted by the FBI .
  • He was always a supporter of civil disobedience because he considered that this was a right of human beings.

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