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Marcus Aurelius

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Many emperors have become an important part of the history of the Roman Empire , one of the most remembered and loved was Marcus Aurelius , who in addition to being an emperor was a Roman philosopher who was recognized mainly for the way he governed his people . In addition, he was seen as one of the most important representatives of the field of Stoic philosophy . Marcus Aurelius was also the last Caesar to take place in the Pax Romana , one of the most prosperous times in the entire empire.

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Personal information:

  • When was born: 04/26/121
  • Where he was born: Rome, Italy
  • When he died: 03/17/180
  • Where he died: Sirmio, Serbia

Who was Marco Aurelio?

Marcus Aurelius was a renowned and popular emperor and philosopher of Rome known as the wise thanks to its great cultural background and philosophical , being a follower of the stoicism and for writing a series of reflections and thoughts important.

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  • Biography of Marco Aurelio
  • Thought of Marco Aurelio
  • Stoicism
  • Contributions
  • Importance
  • Works by Marco Aurelio
  • Phrases
  • Curiosities
  • Children of Marcus Aurelius

Biography of Marco Aurelio

Marco Annio Catilio Severo or Marco Aurelio , as he was popularly known, was born on April 26, 121 . His father was of Hispanic origin and worked for a time as a praetor in the Senate of Rome . His mother was named Domicia Lucila , the daughter of a fairly wealthy family with a very important consular rank. After his mother died, his paternal grandfather Marco Annio Vero , who had also adopted him, designated him as heir along with his mother.

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Since he was little, he drew the attention of Emperor Hadrian who was married to one of his great-aunts on his father’s side, Vibia Sabina. The emperor admired his intelligence and his naive frankness, so he decided to send him to adopt him in the year 138 so that his destiny would change, becoming the new emperor in a short time. He made several studies in Greek and Latin rhetoric with Marco Cornelio Frontón who would also be his best friend and spiritual guide .

In the year 133 he decided to join the Stoic philosophy and received his philosopher’s mantle rather quickly, in the year 139 he was appointed as Caesar and in the year 140 as Consul . He married Faustina la Joven who was the daughter of Antonio Pío . After Antonio died, he became the new governor of Rome and managed to keep the empire in good condition despite the calamities and confrontations of the time.

While in the position held to avoid pursuing the Christians but also let his be held acts in public and chastised those faithful who professed no religion ancestral. Marco Aurelio died during a combat carried out on March 17, 180 in Vienna , in the city of Vindobona . His remains were then taken to Rome and placed in Hadrian’s Mausoleum where they remained until 410.

Thought of Marco Aurelio

Marco Aurelio’s thinking focused on practicing things with the same intensity in which they were exercised. For him, those who acted kindly would appreciate it and those who did not, would be out of adjustment. He thought that it was of utmost importance to be able to make a man feel good in order to face life as it is. He also thought that things had perpetuity and that the actions that are chosen are in charge of shaping the being , affecting the people who receive as well as those who perform.

Stoicism

His type of thinking was actually quite logical , philosophical and also spiritual , thinking that they were related to Stoicism . Then due to his thinking, he leaned in three important axes, logic , physics and ethics , the latter was considered as the highest level of knowledge. He believed that ethics posed a way of life that was in line with the nature of human reason in order to avoid the desires of the body and reach a state of apathy .

His philosophy explains that knowledge must be transmitted and then shared but that this situation does not imply that the other person understands everything and agrees, so the instructor can only be responsible for his own ideas or actions.

Contributions

Some of his main contributions were the following:

  • He managed to build an army to be able to face the barbarians and thus managed to stop the Germans, the Parthians and managed to seize a part of Mesopotamia.
  • He established a generalized peace in the year 175 and in addition, he appropriated a strip in the northern part of the Danube which caused the barbarians to establish themselves within the empire as colonists and soldiers.
  • He made several reforms to the law that helped slaves , widows and underage youth by validating consanguineous relationships in terms of inheritance and succession.
  • He was in charge of delimiting the violations of the civil legislation .
  • As for civil rights, it established a social difference with what created the ” most distinguished ” and the ” least distinguished .”
  • He founded several schools , orphanages, and hospitals .

Importance

He was an emperor of great importance because in reality he cared about his people, he established a series of reforms with which he managed to reduce abuses by power considerably, he was in charge of helping people who had a lower quality of life like widows and minors .

Works by Marco Aurelio

As Marco Aurelio was fighting his battles in the 170s, he also dedicated himself to expressing his words in various works which became known as Meditations and were used as a method of guidance and personal improvement . His meditations are in fact considered one of the best literary works of their time and are related to the state in the service of duty .

His literary work was published for the first time in the year 1558 in the city of Zurich and was made by transcribing part of it from a manuscript . The copy of the original document is located in the Vatican Museums . In his work he deals with several relevant themes including death, which had to be accepted with total gratitude since it was the completion of wishes.

Phrases

Some of his most recognized phrases are mentioned below:

  • Do not waste what is left of your life cursing others unless you seek a common good.
  • Remember from now on, whenever something saddens you , to resort to this maxim: adversity is not a misfortune, before, suffering it with greatness of mind is bliss .
  • Remember this always too; To be able to live happily, very little is enough .
  • A man’s life is what his thoughts make of it.
  • If fame comes after death , I’m in no rush to meet it.
  • Nowhere can man find such a peaceful retreat as in the privacy of his soul .
  • The perfection of customs is based on living each day as if it were your last .
  • The best way to get back at a person is to never resemble him.

Curiosities

Among its curiosities we can mention that the empire that shared Lake Lucio Vero was the first diarchy of Rome . Ironically, the emperor was named as the ” Caesarize .” In his honor a bronze statue was built , the only one that is preserved from the Roman emperors. Marcus Aurelius was the last emperor known as good or adoptive emperor , both of whom managed to bring much prosperity and progress to Rome.

Children of Marcus Aurelius

The children of Marcus Aurelius are mentioned below:

  • Annia Aurelia Galeria Faustina , was born in 147 and died in 165.
  • Twin of Lucila who died in the year 150.
  • Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucila , was born in the year 148 and died in the year 182.
  • Titus Elio Antonino , was born in the year 150 and died on March 7, the year 161.
  • Tito Elio Aurelio , was born in the year 150 and died before March 7, 161.
  • Adriano , was born in 152 and died in 161.
  • Domicia Faustina , was born in 150 and died in 161.
  • Fadilla , was born in 159 and died in 192.
  • Annia Cornificia Faustina the Younger , was born in 160 and died in 165.
  • Tito Aurelio Fulvo Antonino , was born in the year 161 and died in 165.
  • Lucio Aurelio Comodo Antonino , was born in 161 and died in 192.
  • Marco Annio Vero César who was born in the year 162 and died in 169.
  • Vibia Aurelia Sabina who was born in 170 and died before 217.

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