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Maracana Stadium

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Around the world there are thousands of stadiums where one of the most recognized sports in the world is practiced, soccer. Several of them have, with the passage of time, become temples of this sport not only at a regional level but also at a global level. One of them is the Maracaná Stadium, formally known as the Estadio Jornalista Mário Filho.

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  • When was it inaugurated? 06/16/1950
  • Capacity: 78,838
  • Dimensions: 105 × 68 m

What is the Maracana Stadium?

The Maracanã Stadium is the main stadium in Brazil recognized as one of the main symbols of soccer worldwide that over time has managed to be improved and transformed into a contemporary stadium of the time.

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Characteristics of the Maracanã Stadium

Some of its main characteristics are the following:

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  • It is known as the ” sacred temple in the country of soccer “.
  • Its construction is made of solid and reinforced concrete .
  • It has an oval footprint that has two levels of seating.
  • The exterior facade is shaped like a “Y” and is supported by a total of sixty pillars.
  • This façade is responsible for supporting a cantilevered roof that manages to reach 30 meters.
  • It has a geometric shape similar to that of a saucer .
  • Its total area is 000 meters and it has a perimeter of 800 meters.
  • The seats are distributed in 25 rows and are covered by the stands.
  • In the place you can find restaurants , bars and also adequate sanitary facilities .
  • Access to the stadium is through a tunnel and it also has 17 elevators , eight of which are panoramic.
  • Their seats are painted yellow , blue and white and this makes them provide a certain effect of movement.
  • It has a VIP area which has a total of 110 boxes , air conditioning, private toilets and is furnished.
  • The pitch measures 105 x 68 meters and is covered with a Bermuda Celebration type grass that allows the ball to roll more easily.

Location

The Maracana Stadium is located in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil .

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The stadium began to be built on August 2, 1948 and after two years, on June 16, 1950 it managed to open its doors. At the beginning it had the capacity to house 200 thousand people. This construction was carried out in record time as it was needed to host the World Cup.

History of the Maracana Stadium

At the beginning it was called the Maracaná Stadium but a few years later in 1964 , its name was changed to Mário Filho Stadium in honor of the one who had founded the newspaper known as Jornal dos Sport for his contributions to the installation, however, the stadium continued being called Maracanã Stadium. For approximately forty years it had a capacity for 200,000 people , most of them standing and this situation was a danger for spectators and players.

On July 12, 1992 , a spectacular accident occurred in the stadium when part of the stands fell causing the fall of more than fifty people into the void, this fact caused the death of two of the spectators and the stadium had to remodel immediately. With this remodeling, it was possible to increase the capacity of the stadium reaching 130,000 people . However, according to FIFA, this capacity still exceeded the limits, reducing it to a total of 78,838 people.

Future

For the future it is expected that the stadium will continue to host many important football matches. Despite the fact that it has had many problems due to the abandonment of responsibility to be able to maintain it mainly because the companies argue that the installation is not in good condition. It is and will be in the future one of the main tourist attractions in the whole country as it is considered one of the most emblematic symbols of football.

Remodeling

Its first remodeling took place in 2007 and during this, more seats were placed throughout the installation. In 2009 , the state underwent a major remodeling of its roof and several other aspects were modernized, during this remodeling, the architects realized that the roof did not have adequate support in its structure, so a totally The new one was created by Schaich Bergerman und Partner , a structural engineering firm that would be tasked with fitting a radial wheel under the state bowl.

This design was made with a complex system of cables axial connection and then was covered with a membrane made from fiberglass , this new roof also has a complete system to collect the water of rain and was placed solar panels to harness energy of the sun. Two of the levels of the spectator seats were also changed. This design made it possible for the historic state to be maintained without having to change it for another.

The geometry of the stadium continues to be reflected in its roof and today, the stadium has become one of the most modern sports venues around the world, it has all the necessary comforts and security and important technological innovations have even been added , such as For example, giant screens and loudspeakers divided into groups which are attached to the ceiling and are directed both to the pitch and to the stands.

Most important events

Some of the most important events that have taken place in the famous Maracana Stadium are the following:

  • Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro held in 2007.
  • FIFA World Cup in 1950 and later in 2014.
  • Summer Olympics in 2014.
  • It was the venue for the final of the Copa Libertadores .
  • Copa América in 2019.
  • He received Pope John Paul II on his tour .

Importance

The Maracanã Stadium is important because it is a symbol of football not only national but international. It has been the site of important events such as the Soccer World Cups and has been the place where the country has managed to obtain world titles. It is also a source of income as it turns out to be one of the main tourist attractions that the country has. The façade of the state is also inscribed within the list of cultural heritage by the National Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage.

Curiosities about the Maracana Stadium

Some curiosities of this stadium are the following:

  • When the Maracana Stadium was built, a public telephone was placed just behind the frames .
  • This stadium has never hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic Games .
  • On July 16, 1950 , the famous “ Maracanazo ” took place when the Uruguayan team managed to win the final of the Soccer World Cup against the Brazilian team. Against all odds, the Uruguayan team managed to beat Brazil at this stadium.
  • The name Maracaná is indigenous and comes from the name of the bird called Maracaná-Guazú , a green colored macaw.
  • In this stadium, the famous soccer player Pelé , managed to score his thousandth goal.
  • It has received Pope John Paul II and several famous singers such as Frank Sinatra, Madonna and the Rolling Stones.

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