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Mannerism

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Throughout the passage of history , art has always drawn characteristics from the currents that preceded it and leaving great contributions to humanity such as Mannerism which left great works of art such as “La Gioconda” by Miguel Angel.

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What is mannerism?

In terms of art , Mannerism refers to knowing how to do and everything that encompasses it, without the need to make a great effort to achieve it . In general, it is an art that was dedicated to the courts since in spite of everything it maintained a certain sophistication even without taking care of certain details that were maintained in previous artistic currents. It is considered as a transitory process between the Renaissance when it was reaching the crisis and the opening of the Baroque.

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What does it consist of

The mannerism begins to form the basic elements of the Renaissance , when it began to face the crisis . This enters as a significant change which totally abandoned the proportions of the figures with respect to their spatial perspective , as well as a disregard for clear and measured lines ; on the other hand, the happy expressions in the works changed to other more neutral and sad ones.

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Characteristics of mannerism

Among the main characteristics that define Mannerism are:

  • Mannerism is subjective and unstable , so at some points it can be confusing.
  • Artists are carried away by their tastes , leaving aside the plausible and tending heavily to unreality and abstraction
  • The serpentine line or figure is preferred, especially in sculpture . In more technical terms, it refers to the fact that the figures are arranged in an ascending helical direction.
  • During these periods , the greats of literature such as Miguel de Cervantes and Shakespeare were inspired .

Source

Mannerism originates within Italy exactly in the third decade of the 16th century, largely encompassing the works of great artists such as Raphael and Michelangelo . It arises when classicism begins to lack the details that made it different, such as the harmonic proportions and the exact details of the expressions.

Historic context

Mannerism was to a large extent an artistic trend that was established in Italy and that with the passage of time spread throughout Europe , always under the standards of the Italians .

Among the causes that led to the spread of Mannerism ny of the peninsula itálica was thanks the travel of artists , largely driven by the plague that attacked in 1522 the famous “Eternal City “ .

Among all the situations that arose, this one in particular marked the consciences and the lives of Roman citizens and artists . After the plague after the invasion at the hands of an army made up mainly of Spaniards, Italians and German mercenaries, also known as  lansquenetes, I ended up promoting this artistic trend throughout the rest of the continent.

Mannerism in music

In the field of music , there is a certain tension exists between the desire to preserve a high level of skills against punteo and the urge to accompany all feeling is both idea and feelings with images. That is why in terms of musical pieces it is seen far above and not as in other cases that it addresses in a much more profound way.

In sculpture

Regarding  the sculptures of this artistic movement, one can be seen full nudity in almost all works, trying to stop to give meaning to the human being with regard to their physical part but rather by the acts that they performed . It seeks to maintain the actions and fantastic stories , as well as the misfortunes of the characters in question, such as the work of ” Perseus and the head of Medusa .”

In the paint

As for painting within Marianism, dark colors predominate machismo , generally nudes or portraits are worked with very few articles of clothing . At the same time, we work from a direct perspective where there are no broad features with respect to the expressions , where the brightness plays a very important role since it gives greater context to the emotion that is trying to convey .

Mannerism in architecture

Within the marienista architecture , they are buildings that lack of clarity regarding its composition as well as is also observed almost complete loss of the solemnity with respect to the classism full preceded him.

On the other hand, the works greatly expand the architectural elements, but they do not fulfill any function within them and with regard to decoration, he sought to compartmentalize it between the various facades of the buildings.

Relationship with the Renaissance

The Renaissance currents were those that preceded to the mannerism , this achievement sinter artistic foundation in which artists worked and adapt a new way transmitting messages and different sensations. This is seen mostly in the sculptures where man is kept as the center of the universe but there is no emphasis on him but on the actions that surround him .

Relationship with the baroque

Because Mannerism is considered as the ” Lower Stage of the Renaissance “ it is taken as a transitory process which largely abandoned the sweet and affectionate features within the works as well as the subtle lines that characterized it, thus taking it to a style where that devotional art is abandoned and goes to a self-sufficient art where the works are considered worthy of a museum.

Representatives of mannerism

Among the most prominent representatives of Mannerism are:

  • El Greco .
  • Hans Baldung.
  • Lucas Cranach, father.
  • Bachchiacca.
  • Parmiganino.
  • Corregio.
  • Hans holbein, son.
  • Bronzino.
  • Martin Heemskerck.
  • Males
  • Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Rafael Sanzio.
  • Titian.
  • Jacobo Basano.
  • Giovnni Maria Mosca.
  • Nicolo Dell Albatte.
  • Miguel Angel.
  • Lope de Vega .

Plays

Among the most outstanding works of Mannerism are:

  • Noah’s ark.
  • The abduction of Proserpina.
  • Antony and cleopatra .
  • The allegory of love
  • Allegory of Venus .
  • The Mona Lisa.
  • The fornarina.
  • The judgment of paris.
  • Perseus with the head of Medusa.
  • The final judgement.
  • Saint Mark freed slaves.
  • Mercy Rondanini.

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