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Magna Carta

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All the legal mechanisms that provide protection to individuals as well as the obligations that they must comply with in order to exercise their rights properly are grouped together in a very important document . This document is known as the Magna Carta .

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What is the Magna Carta?

The Magna Carta is a very important document in which are all the rights as well as the duties that must be part of a society , which must be enjoyed by its inhabitants but at the same time fulfilled to the letter.

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  • Characteristics
  • Source
  • Magna Carta of 1215
  • Story
  • What is it for
  • Magna Carta by country
  • What other name is the Magna Carta
  • Importance

Characteristics

The Magna Carta is a type of legal framework that guides individuals and the State to properly organize life within society . The main characteristics of the Magna Carta are the following:

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  • The Magna Carta is a text -type policy .
  • It contains a series of general provisions by means of which life within society can be correctly organized and also the way in which the State functions.
  • It contains the fundamental rights possessed by individuals, the organization of the State and the powers it has.
  • It also contains a series of legal mechanisms that can limit power.
  • It must be created by a constituent power .
  • Most of them are inspired by the Declaration of Human Rights .

Source

The origin of the Magna Carta dates back to the year 1215 . It was drawn up by King John I of England and was known at that time as the ” Charter of Freedoms “. Several feudal inhabitants of the time also participated in its creation. It was a document prepared with the main purpose of defending the rights of the Barons against a series of abuses by the English monarchs.

Prior to its creation, there had been a series of bloody confrontations between the king, the feudalists and the Barons . In October 1214 they had clashed in East Anglia where the Barons tried to establish the laws of Henry I, however, King John did not accept it. Later there was another battle in the year 1214 in the county of Buckingham , later they had a meeting but it did not yield positive results either.

A short time later, King John was already against a rock and a hard place, he did not have the support of the great landowners or the people and for this reason, he finally decided to sign the document drawn up by the Barons, on June 15, 1215 .

Magna Carta of 1215

The Magna Carta that gave more rights to the citizens of England was signed on June 15, 1215 by King Juan Sin Tierra who gave in to the pressure exerted by the Barons. This document brought with it a series of important consequences, mainly for the king’s throne, who was already being criticized and had lost much prestige.

It was a Magna Carta in which 63 different articles were established that stipulated the rights that citizens would have, rights that should be guaranteed by the king. The main requirement of the settlers was the right to avoid tax increases without prior approval from the nobility. In addition, it established that none of the citizens could be imprisoned without an investigation being carried out on the reasons for the detention.

In addition, they also established a series of rights that could not be revoked neither by the King nor by the Pope and from that moment it was established that no English king could come to the throne simply by divine grace but should deal with the nobility and with the people in order to find a good balance of interests.

History

After the first Magna Carta was signed by King John, the document began to evolve and reach other countries. At the end of the 13th century, the document was subjected to attempts to change mainly by Henry III of England. During the 15th century, the document was used as the basis for the creation of other legislative texts created in the English country. In 1628 , the Petition for Right was developed which was created in 1628 by the English Parliament , a document that was later sent to Carlos I to declare civil liberties.

What is it for

The Magna Carta is a document that serves to present a series of general provisions which are the basis for the creation and organization of life within society and for the proper functioning of the State . It is a legal framework that provides guidance to the laws that make up a nation. It also establishes all the fundamental rights of the inhabitants of a place as well as all the mechanisms within the legal framework to limit the exercise of power.

Magna Carta by country

  • Mexico : The Constitution or Magna Carta that governs the Mexican people was promulgated on February 5, 1917 and was in charge of President Venustiano Carranza . For its enactment, the president called the election of the deputies of the Constituent Congress in Querétaro , on December 10 of that year and they met until the 31st to draft the document. This document has been in charge of strengthening the entire political system of the country and also guaranteed the social rights of the inhabitants, breaking all the liberal paradigms that existed. Several reforms were made to the document over time, including the right to vote for women .
  • Argentina : Argentina’s Magna Carta was promulgated on May 25, 1853, achieving the expansion of the rights of its inhabitants, giving a greater constitutional rank to international treaties , establishing human rights and improving justice . In 1993 , President Carlos Menem and the head of the opposition Raúl Alfonsín decided to join forces to carry out a series of reforms, the main objective of which was to establish that the National Constitution was the fundamental law of the country to which all the laws of the nation they had to submit, also better organized the political powersand established guarantees and rights for its citizens.
  • Spain : the Carta Maga of Spain is known as the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and is the supreme rule of the entire legal system of the country. Political powers as well as Spanish citizens are subject to it. It is based mainly on the indissoluble unity of the country, also establishing a territorial organization where the principle of solidarity governs. It also establishes that the King is the only head of the State , the separation of powers and the Constitutional Court as the controlling body of the laws.

What other name is the Magna Carta

The Magna Carta is known in the countries with the name of Political Constitution , written in which are all the norms and laws that a sovereign State has .

Importance

The Magna Carta is one of the most important documents that exist for the countries because it contains the recognition of all human rights and the division of powers , aspects that are fundamental for a country to advance and develop properly. It is also considered as the foundation of the rule of law that reminds us that all the inhabitants of a nation are equal.

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