In recent years there has been a lot of talk about the concept of leadership and there are hundreds of different opinions about it. Some consider it an innate characteristic and others, that it is learned during the journey of life . The truth is that leadership is a great human capacity that has the ability to influence the life of the human being in all its aspects, personal, work and even family.


What is leadership?

Leadership is a group of human skills through which it has the ability to influence the way others act and think , planting the seeds of motivation so that they can perform their tasks more efficiently. It is the ability to come up with new things and to take initiative .

  • Leadership characteristics
  • What is it for
  • Types of leadership
  • Styles
  • Qualities of a leader
  • How leadership influences the organization
  • Importance of leadership
  • Examples

Leadership characteristics

Perhaps the main characteristic of leadership is related to all the creative , managerial and directive skills that a certain person possesses in order to be able to exert an important influence on others, so that in this way, all the people who are around him can obtain achievements, improve their performance, have greater capacities, carry out different types of activities and achieve their objectives. Other of its most important characteristics are mentioned below:

  • It makes the distribution of power better distributed mainly when working in a group.
  • It is characterized by having a leader who will be the person who has the last decision.
  • It is a fundamental element within the organizational world .
  • It can be applied to all fields of everyday life and even in the realm family .
  • It is considered as a quality of the human being .
  • It can appear naturally but it can also become established by an organization, thus occupying a position of greater authority.
  • It can be seen as a type of behavior that has the ability to be exercised and perfected .

What is it for

Leadership is a quality and a capacity that the human being can have that serves to guide , motivate , command and guide the people who are around him so that in this way, these people can be more effective and have greater successes . It is a fundamental characteristic within all companies and organizations as it has the capacity to produce a strong positive impact in all the areas that comprise them.

It is a means by which the leader , who is the main factor in leadership, can realize the needs of those around him, defines all the objectives that must be achieved within an organization and establishes clear and precise goals , also selecting the right people to perform the functions.

It also serves and in fact has a fundamental role within the administration . Taking into account that today we live in a world that is constantly changing, leadership gives the ability to anticipate these changes , to think of innovative ideas that bring work teams to life and to establish responsibilities to achieve this. achieve all the goals that have been proposed.

Types of leadership

There are several types of leadership, the best known worldwide are mentioned below:

  • Democratic leadership: this type of leadership occurs when, instead of acting unilaterally , the leader decides to act in a participatory way , and takes the knowledge and experience of others.
  • Natural leadership : it occurs in people who show natural abilities to be able to influence others. It is characterized by having strong emotional and social foundations .
  • Business leadership : it occurs in people who have the ability to guide business or business organizations causing excellent results and relationships through their social , personal and technical characteristics . It gives the leader the ability to delegate responsibilities to others in order to achieve the objectives causing companies to be successful.
  • Paternalistic leadership: this type of leadership is based on the influence that one person can have over others . For example, a famous player who is already a veteran can exert an influence on those who are starting their career.
  • Charismatic leadership : presents a series of skills of personal nature that are characterized by understanding , empathy and good treatment of those around him, qualities that manage to make other people follow and respect them.
  • Autocratic leadership : in this case, the leader is in charge of ordering and expects everyone around them to obey his orders . He leads by offering rewards or punishments , is dogmatic and the leader assumes all responsibilities after making decisions. In this type of leadership, all control and motivation is focused on the leader because he is the only one who considers himself the only person who has the ability to make important decisions.


There are many styles that can be found and practiced in leadership, some of the most important are the following:

  • Laissez-faire : a type of leadership that promotes employee freedom .
  • Charismatic : his role is based on enthusiasm and proactivity.
  • Operational : it focuses on the actions that people take and focuses mainly on the results.
  • Transactional : leaders and collaborators have the ability to establish economic pacts to establish exchanges of bonuses or salaries to carry out some actions.
  • Transformational : its main objective is to influence and transform work groups in a positive way in order to achieve the objectives.

Qualities of a leader

When we talk about the qualities of a leader, we refer to all the characteristics that are part of the personality of the individual that give him the ability to lead work teams to achieve success . Leaders must and are characterized by having a large number of qualities ; among them the following are mentioned:

  • Communication : the ability to listen to new ideas, comments and even criticisms.
  • Emotional intelligence : a key factor related to the needs of the work team and the emotions of its members.
  • Thinking of a strategic nature : in the leader the thought towards the future must predominate and looks for activities to be able to satisfy the demands that are presented today.
  • Passion : Leaders must be passionate about what they do, about their work, and about others.
  • Charisma : it is the ability to establish positive relationships with others.
  • Empathy : a good leader must have the ability to understand and understand people’s feelings.
  • Transparency : it is the ability of the leader not to hide any type of information from his collaborators.
  • Creativity : leaders must be creative so that they can find different solutions to problems that may arise.

How leadership influences the organization

Within organizations, leadership is one of the most fundamental pieces that must always be present because it is through it that the working groups achieve their goals . It is vital for the survival of companies and in fact, of any type of organization as it is the ability to guide and direct correctly in order to achieve the objectives .

When leadership is well established in the organization, it is possible to exercise excellent planning and achieve business and organizational success . It directly influences all processes and the development of functions within the organization.

Importance of leadership

Leadership is a very important and essential aspect because it is what really defines organizations . It is the way in which the company can be guided to achieve the objectives that have been proposed and to achieve its adequate growth . It is through leadership that positive change can be made , solving problems , thinking ahead, innovating and guiding groups of people so that they can fulfill all their obligations within an environment that motivates them at the same time to be top.


Some examples of leadership are mentioned below:

  • Steve Jobs is a great example of leadership in business.
  • Diego Pablo Simeone is a sports leader.
  • Gandhi was exerted a political leadership of peace.

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