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Labor movement

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Throughout history there have always been classes or social strata, struggles for inequality, protests for the politics of freedom and many other situations or determining factors in the society of a country. When the three aforementioned social situations are brought together, they result in the creation of socio-political movements that seek to solve the problems of the nation by focusing on specific points within society , such as the submission or neglect of certain sectors within society.

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What is the labor movement?

The labor movement can be defined as a group or collective of paid workers, who come together to achieve a common good, usually to fight for their rights as workers , for example: a salary adjusted to the working day they perform. . These are formed for a time or indefinitely and they are given in front of the people who own the capital, better known as the owners of companies, of those who employ them. On the other hand, when they acquire a higher level of recognition they seek to break through into politics , based on leftist thoughts such as socialism or Marxism and having a total repudiation of capitalism.

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  • What is the labor movement?
  • Characteristics
  • Source
  • Causes of the labor movement
  • goals
  • Consequences
  • Ideology
  • Labor movement today
  • Labor movement by country
  • Importance

What is the labor movement?

They consist of groups of workers with salaries who associate to deal with professional or political issues as the case may be, as long as they start from their level as workers.

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Characteristics

The main characteristics of the labor movement are:

  • They are characterized by their methods of struggle or protest and their teamwork:
  • His Luddism and Chartism.
  • They carry out dialogues and social debates.
  • They always seek collective bargaining to support each other.
  • They tend to present rebellious attitudes.
  • They disregard the orders of their employers.
  • They are established as a social stratum.
  • They are grouped by unions .
  • They hold demonstrations demanding their rights.
  • They carry out work stoppages or strikes.
  • In addition, they have always been seen as a very long-suffering movement that seeks to go underground and the persecution of capitalism and politics.

Source

The labor movement has its origin between the  seventeenth and eighteenth centuries , when the first groups of English weavers and craftsmen emerged, they met in brotherhoods or brotherhoods , taking the model of the medieval guild . During these brotherhoods the workers met to support each other with regard to improvements within working conditions , since at the time there were no problems with regard to industrialization .

From these brotherhoods the first act of Luddism arises, because the workers were not recognized certain rights, they ended up destroying some machines that they considered the workers were making the work of the artisans be reduced, this being the reason for the decrease in their salary payments .

The first organized group of workers was given the name societarismo, which aimed to resist capitalism and also had the particularity of mutual support among its members and a sense of rebellion . The first reaction that the government of England had was to prohibit these groups of workers , thus beginning the first persecutions of the rebel workers, taking them underground.

Causes of the labor movement

According to experts, the labor movement is due to the fact that workers have always been taken as the poorest social class and in turn the most used for their low value, referring to wage costs within a company. Also not just something that has to do with society, since the workers themselves have that feeling present.

In the political sphere, workers tend to think that being a rejected sector, their voice and vote have no weight compared to others such as professionals or businessmen who represent ” an image of example for society .”

goals

The objectives of the labor movement are:

  • Establish a series of rights and regulations in favor of the workers.
  • Agree on decent wages for their activities within their working hours.
  • Make your voice and your demands known in social settings.
  • Establish a political system where the workers have the same importance as the capitalists.
  • Provide special benefits and longer breaks to workers because they are the ones with ” more burden ” within a company.

Consequences

Some consequences of the labor movement are the following:

  • Clashes against political systems.
  • Repudiation or rejection of society for its anarchic behaviors.
  • Collective dismissals for exorbitant demands.
  • Persecution by state security organs.
  • Oppression by employers due to their political ideology and attitudes.

Ideology

Most of the labor movements take as reference the ideologies of Karl Marx, mainly in conjunction with other revolutionaries such as Rosa Luxemburg who faithfully supported socialism , Mikhail Bakunin who was a Russian expert in politics as well as a great anarchic agitator, and also Eduard Bernstein , a German who dedicated himself to understanding that a socialist renewal was necessary in every country in the world.

Karl Marx was a recognized socialist thinker with a great revolutionary feeling, he came from a lower-class Jewish family This required the struggle for social classes , which he summarized as the difference between the exploiters and the exploited, which had to be completely destroyed and establish a genuine system adapted to need but taking the elements of socialism.

Labor movement today

The labor movements currently seek to establish themselves in an area more focused on politics , trying to convince people that socialism is the best model that can be applied in a nation such as the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers Party) in Spain .

In other countries, socialist models have been implemented and it has been shown that these political systems only leave a nation in ruins, as is the case of Venezuela with the PSUV (United Socialist Party of Venezuela), a political party that is conformed with the working-class part of that nation.

Labor movement by country

  • PSOE in Spain.
  • SDAP in Germany.
  • PSUV in Venezuela.
  • PO in Argentina.
  • POS in Mexico .
  • POSDR in Russia.
  • PSI in Italy.
  • PLB in Great Britain.
  • PST in the United States .
  • PCC in China
  • PCA in Australia .
  • KKE in Greece.
  • MOIR at Colombia.

Importance

If the bases of the labor movements are studied , their objectives sound understandable and reasonable, defending and seeking that equality is fulfilled, however, it is the living example of the saying “the end does not justify the means” since due to its erratic attitudes as anarchy and rebellion, has brought as a consequence the repudiation of societies.

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