To begin to explain the isosceles triangle , we must also remember the definition of a triangle. We call a polygon a triangle that has three sides and is determined by three non-collinear points called vertices . We must also remember that the vertices are identified by means of letters , which are A, B and C. An isosceles triangle is a type of triangle that has at least two of its equal sides. This property is equivalent to two angles of the triangle that are equal. Therefore, an isosceles triangle has two equal sides and two equal angles. The name derives from the Greek iso (same) and skelos (leg).
What is the isosceles triangle?
The isosceles triangle is a type of polygon that is formed by three sides , that is, it is made up of three lines which will be cut two by two and at three points that are not aligned .
- Characteristics of the isosceles triangle
- How much are the angles of an isosceles triangle?
- Congruent sides
- Calculate the sides of an isosceles triangle
- How many equal angles does it have
Characteristics of the isosceles triangle
The main characteristics of the isosceles triangle are the following:
- It is made up of three lines , these lines will be cut two by two.
- The points where the lines can be found are known as vertices
- Each line segment of the isosceles triangle stands as the sides of the triangle.
- The two continuous sides that we find in the isosceles triangle give rise to the interior angle .
- The triangle will be made up of three sides as we said, by three vertices , by three interior angles and by three exterior angles .
Like other triangles, the isosceles has its properties, which are:
The opposite angles to the equal sides are equal. The bisector of the angle that is opposite the base cuts the base at its midpoint . The bisector always agrees with the median of side AB. The bisector of the angle opposite the base is perpendicular to the base. The bisector agrees with the corresponding height of side AB.
As isosceles triangles have a pair of equal sides, this allows them to also have certain quite recognized peculiarities both with respect to geometry and in their calculations . Every equilateral triangle is also isosceles , but obviously this is not necessarily reciprocal .
In an isosceles triangle, there are also different elements that are part of it, among them we mention the following:
The height (h) of the isosceles triangle can be calculated using the Pythagorean theorem . Sides a, b / 2, and h form a right triangle . The sides b / 2 and h are the legs and to the hypotenuse .
h 2 + (b / 2) 2 = a 2 → h 2 + (b 2 /4) = a 2 → h 2 = a 2 – (b 2 /4)
Then obtaining another formula that tells us that the height of the isosceles triangle is:
h = √ (a 2 – (b 2 /4))
The area of an isosceles triangle can be calculated from the base b ( the non-repeating side) and the height (h) of the triangle corresponding to the base. We can then say that, in this case, the area is the product of the base and the height divided by two, its formula being the following:
Area = (b · √ (a 2 – (b 2 /4))) / 2
The perimeter of an isosceles triangle can be obtained by adding the three sides of the triangle . Having two equal sides, the perimeter is twice the repeated side (a) plus the uneven side of the geometric figure.
Perimeter = 2 a + b
Where a is one of the repeated sides and b the other side.
How much are the angles of an isosceles triangle?
The isosceles right triangle has a right angle and two equal acute ones with a measure of 45 ° each, in this way, two sides of the triangle are equal and the other is different. The sides that are equal are known as the legs and the angle that is different is known as the hypotenuse . It is symmetrical with respect to the height of the hypotenuse, which passes through the right angle.
The consistency is the time one side of the triangle are congruent so that, two angles may be congruent if they have the same size and are congruent if two strokes have the same length . In the triangle, there can be correspondence between the sides and between the angles . Recall that the isosceles triangle is the type of triangle that has two equal sides and a different one , having two sides with the same measure , is considered congruent.
Calculate the sides of an isosceles triangle
Isosceles triangles have two of their sides of equal measure and one of them has a different measure. It is also assumed that if two of the sides of an isosceles triangle are congruent or equal, this means that the opposite angles to those sides will be congruent in the same way.
How many equal angles does it have
The isosceles triangle has two of its angles of equal measure, while the third will always be different.