What is intrapersonal intelligence?


Whenever the subject of intelligence is discussed , we associate it directly with the most basic: the ability of each individual to complete tasks that they carry out, such as solving logical or mathematical problems, or developing and proposing strategies good for a purpose. But the truth is that intelligence not only understands that, but also includes other processes such as mental abilities that are not represented externalized, since they are something more intimate and private of each human being who reasons.


What is intrapersonal intelligence?

Among the various concepts that exist within the area of ​​psychology regarding intelligence is intrapersonal intelligence that was proposed within “The Theory of Multiple Intelligences” by Howard Gardner, who defines it as a compendium of skills of being. which is somewhat difficult to differentiate from other forms of intelligence. But in synthesis it is summarized as intelligence that refers to the degree of self-knowledge that we have when it comes to knowing how we act, think and feel , in simple words it refers to what we know about ourselves.



Intrapersonal intelligence is defined as the analytical action of self – analysis that human beings have, carried out through cognitive processes. Proposed for the first time by Gardner , where not only does he contemplate knowing himself, but also the ability to contemplate the ability to see himself reflected according to the eyes of others is considered.


Therefore, people with a high coefficient in this area of intelligence , even manage to define themselves from not only the conception they have of themselves, but also form their conception from the conception of other people.

Characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence

The main characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence are:

  • Children who have excellent grades in areas such as mathematics or language tend to excel, but this does not completely assure them of a future as excellent professionals or with great personal development . But those who have a high and real conception of themselves from a young age are the ones who best shape a successful life due to their full conviction of who they are.
  • The model proposed by Howard Gardner, where the concept of this intelligence is established, includes not only this, but also 6 other concepts of intelligence without counting this as one. After this he added one more for some studies he did.
  • This concept of intelligence is nothing more than a somewhat deeper look at self- understanding, at the complete understanding of our emotional life, at our range of feelings, how they act and being able to understand and discern between each of them in order to give them a name. and to be able to describe them.
  • The analysis of this intelligence intrinsically depends on the externalization of it, since the main requirement is to see it in operation in order to determine it.
  • It is common to achieve a kind of mixture of components of interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence .
  • The main characteristics that a person with good intrapersonal intelligence possesses are: High capacity for self-control and good discipline, high self-esteem , they are well established in the here and now, they discern well the past, the present and the future , they understand the importance of every action they take and know their limitations.
  • Intrapersonal intelligence when it is at a high level, prevents the individual from being affected by adverse situations that discriminate against him. In fact, they have the ability to see all situations with a realism and truthfulness adjusted to their wishes.

Activities to develop intrapersonal intelligence

Like all intelligence concepts, these can be trained and exercised in order to improve as if they were musculature. Although it should be noted that it is not a simple process either, because intrapersonal intelligence is not one that is considered very strong, but rather one that is very easy to bend.

Some methods that we can apply are the following:

Constantly analyze what you feel

This allows the individual to learn to recognize each feeling they have and, in turn, learn to control and differentiate them correctly: for example, differentiate anger from frustration, which although they are similar, are not the same.

Check how you can guide your knowledge in setting goals

Whether in the short, medium or long term. In this way we would take advantage of the information we have about ourselves and strengthen it through the will and perseverance that we have to be able to achieve this goal.

Evaluate the steps you have taken

It is the best way to determine your evolution, and to be self-critical to understand if your various emotional situations have been the most correct. Since the last word of the situations is yours when it comes to seeing the advantages and disadvantages that these brought you as a consequence , you will be able to evaluate whether you should continue to act in those ways or not.

Find alternative relaxation methods

Attending relaxing music events such as the piano or simply listening to it for a long time is a good way to align your senses, another method is through yoga where according to those who practice it, they say that they align the senses and the spirit.

Associated professions

  • The psychology .
  • The anatomy.
  • Social communication.
  • The sociology .
  • The law in its different branches.
  • Engineering in its different branches.
  • Psychiatry.
  • Science in its different branches and variants
  • Analysts
  • All professions related to human resources of a company or company.

How it differs from interpersonal intelligence

Both intrapersonal intelligence and interpersonal intelligence are exposed in Gardner’s theory, these are often confused by their similar names, however, interpersonal is the opposite.

Interpersonal intelligence is intrinsically linked to the ability of each human being to be able to relate to other individuals, both socially and also to form a team in order to achieve a goal in the most optimal way possible.


In a hypothetical case, if we see an individual who is walking down any street and receives a comment that is both positive, the way in which the comment is taken depends intrinsically on the level of personal intelligence , for example:

  • “Hey, so cute flannel, you look very good.”
  • High intelligence level: ” Thank you very much, yes, I look very pretty.”
  • Low level of intelligence: “The truth seems to me that it is not like that, I see it as ordinary”

This is a cycle that does not change , since if the comment has a negative message, the individual with a high level of intelligence will understand that what they are told is not true while with a low level they will accept it without reproach.


Intrapersonal intelligence, although it is little known to those who are not trained in this matter, is something essential in the daily life of each individual so that he can carry out a full and satisfactory life. At the same time, it is important to help children to strengthen this intelligence, so that they are not affected by the various situations that arise as they grow up (situations such as bullying , job losses, love situations, among other things).

Leave a Comment