Advertisement

International right

Advertisement

The international law , also called law public international or right of nations , is the set of rules , norms and standards law that apply between sovereign states and other entities legally recognized as international actors.

Advertisement
What is international law?

It is the branch of law that is responsible for regulating the different relationships that exist between states with other public entities of an international nature, and also regulates the relationships between citizens of different states.

Advertisement
  • What is international law?
  • Characteristics
  • Beginning
  • Sources
  • Background
  • Story
  • Importance of international law
  • Examples

What is international law?

The right international consists of a set of rules that govern responsible for relations there between the states . It is a complex development of influential but not directly binding rules and principles , practices and statements , along with increasingly sophisticated structures and processes .

Advertisement

In its broadest sense, it provides guidelines , regulations , methods , mechanisms and a common conceptual language for international actors, that is, mainly for sovereign states but also for increasingly international organizations and some individuals.

People directly related to international law has expanded considerably, including human rights , economic and trade issues , space law and international organizations.

Characteristics

The main characteristics of internationals law are the following:

  • It is a national right because each country dictates its own rules.
  • It is a positive right .
  • It is made up of different civil codes .
  • In it we can find the treaties of the countries to resolve conflicts.
  • The main term in internationals law is ” foreign “ .
  • It has internationals courts .
  • It replaced the League of Nations by the UN (United Nations Organization).
  • His main concern is the right to war .
  • It is also based on national sovereignty .

Beginning

The principles of international law are as follows:

  • Any person who commits an act that constitutes a crime under internationals law is responsible for it and is subject to sanction .
  • The fact that domestic law does not impose any penalty for an act that constitutes a crime under internationals law does not exempt the person who committed it from responsibility under internationals law.
  • The fact that the person who has committed an act that constitutes a crime under international law as Head of State or State authority does not exempt him from responsibility.
  • The fact that a person has acted in compliance with an order of his Government or of a hierarchical superior does not exempt him from responsibility under internationals law, if he has had the moral possibility of choice.
  • Any person accused of a crime under international law has the right to a fair trial .
  • The complicity in a crime against peace, war or against humanity , is a crime under internationals law.

Sources

The international court of law mentions the following statements as sources of internationals law.

  • The treaty , bilateral or multilateral, governing relations between states.
  • The international custom .
  • General principles of law.
  • The jurisprudence of internationals courts.
  • The
  • Unilateral acts of the States.
  • The acts and resolutions of international organizations.

Background

International law did not exist in ancient times. One of the oldest treaties that could give space to internationals law was the treaty found in Lagas and Umma, which was called the “ Eannatum ” treaty . This treaty was made to avoid the violation of the borders and they were written on plasterboard.

Around the year 100 BC, another treaty appears, the so-called ” Manu “ code in India, where they spoke of combat rules, such as the prohibition to attack an enemy if he is sleeping, or not to attack if the enemy is sleeping. he loses his shield or runs off.

In classical Europe many nations competed among themselves for neighboring lands and these struggles or competitions were established by means of certain rules , which probably created what we now know as modern international law.

History

The oldest data on internationals law is found in 3200 BC, where the Chaldean cities of Lagas and Umma established the borders of their nations after the end of the war. Agreements have also been found between the Egyptians and the Hittites regarding land divisions.

The 17th century is generally taken as a reference for the origin of internationals law with the Westfala treaties , which ended the Thirty Years ‘War in Germany and the Eighty Years’ War between the Netherlands and Spain .

Importance of international law

International law is very important because it has greatly influenced human rights , it should be mentioned that it plays a very important role and is an indispensable tool to recognize the enjoyment of human rights in internationals treaties .

It is also important because it is responsible for regulating the diplomatic relations that must exist between States , as well as matters related to the territory and economic or trade agreements .

Examples

Some examples of international law are as follows:

  • Use of airspace between the United States and Haiti.
  • Legal litigation between the government of Venezuela and the company CEMEX.
  • Political asylum in the countries.
  • Divorce of people of different nationality.
  • Adoption of minors from other countries.
  • Management of inheritances of foreigners who die in a third country.
  • Compensation for accidents.

Leave a Comment