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Integralism

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The integralismo is a kind of national ideology populist indicating that the nations are fully functional units. It mainly defends the social hierarchy and the cooperation that exists between the different classes in society, making clear the conflicts that may arise between the different social and economic groups that make up a nation. It is a type of movement that seeks to defend unionism , corporatism and political representation through a series of statements that indicate that political institutions differ according to history, culture and inhabitants.

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What is integralism?

Integralism is a type of ideology that dictates that societies are organic units , that defends the difference of social classes and hierarchies, which must have cooperation avoiding conflicts within society and the groups that are in charge of the economy.

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  • Definition
  • Characteristics of integralism
  • Source
  • History
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • Lusitanian Integralism
  • Catholic Integralism
  • Brazilian Integralism
  • Importance
  • Review
  • Representatives

Definition

Integralism is a type of doctrine based on philosophy and politics that sees society as an organic and functional unit. It is a movement that seeks the cooperation of the different social classes that make up a certain place and tries to put aside the different conflicts that can arise within a society between social and economic groups . It does not accept the different types of political ideologies as they are based mainly on free trade unionism and corporatism .

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Characteristics of integralism

Among the main characteristics of integralism we mention the following:

  • It is a movement inspired by the Catholic religion .
  • They see society as a group of interdependent parties , in other words, various constituent bodies with specific roles .
  • He is in favor of social differences and hierarchies .
  • Defend doctrines such as unionism .
  • It gives interest to the nation above all kinds of partial or party interest.
  • It is seen as a type of social action and as a movement for renewal in nations that includes political, economic, financial and cultural fields.
  • Seeks the creation of an exemplary state through principles .
  • It does not generate any type of doctrine within countries.

Source

The origin of integralism dates back to 1880 in Spain when the world’s first Integrist party was founded. It was used by a group of people who called themselves Catholics and Carlist and who followed exactly the Syllabus given by Pope Pius IX. It was at a conference held in 1889 that the priest Félix Sardá , one of the most important representatives of Catholic fundamentalism, proposed the name of fundamentalist.

History

Its history begins in Spain and then, some time later, the movement manages to reach France through the Abbe Paul Boulin, where it was named after the integralist movement. It was a group that was always against democratic Catholics and that also took charge of giving support to the monarchical nationalist movement. Later, the current managed to reach Italy where they were against modernism .

Advantage

Some of the main advantages of integralism are the following:

  • They see society as a body that has the ability to establish functions independently.
  • Seeks cooperation between the different social classes that exist within a society.
  • It does not promote the creation of a national church, so different religious creeds can be respected in it.
  • Defend the history and the environment of the places where it takes place.
  • He is against fascism , Nazism and Francoism .

Disadvantages

Its main disadvantage is based on the fact that integralism can cause a great controversy on issues related to unionism and localism and sometimes its followers may confuse their ideals with movements that favor the Catholic religion , then going to practice Francoism. , for instance.

Lusitanian Integralism

Lusitanian integralism is a movement that originated in Portugal and was against the support given to conservatism . It was founded in 1914 and was always opposed to the parliamentary system and ideological parties . He supported municipal representation , unions and the Catholic religion. It was a movement that advocated for the decentralization of the state.

Catholic Integralism

It can be said with certainty that Catholic integralism is a way of denying mediation, provoking a rejection of reason , consistency and autonomy . It is a movement that places a dividing line between the different Catholic principles and doctrines and the police , cultural and social reality of a nation. In this way, all the moral norms that must exist in a place are presented as the means to achieve social order even though reason does not mediate them.

It is a political phenomenon that sees theological values from the same point of view and uses religion to achieve a series of different political projects . It is a movement that is characterized by having deep-rooted traditionalism , by practicing moral rigor in some areas and by having a nationalist tendency , which, when it is manifested in an extreme way, is totally contrary to the faith.

Brazilian Integralism

Brazilian Integralism was a movement that originated in 1932 and was founded by Plinio Salgado . It took a number of aspects from the Italian fascism and the nationalism and socialism German , although it was against the racism . Their organization was completely military and they made demonstrations and speeches that went against Marxism and liberalism . Its main component was the middle class and they allowed people of any ethnicity, including women, into their militias.

It was a movement that grew very quickly in the country and that filled the ideological vacuum that had remained after the 1930 Revolution.  The Brazilian Integralists also dedicated themselves to persecuting the communist group, provoking different violent street fights.

Importance

The importance of integralism was based on some thoughts that they put into practice and that sought to enlarge the country through work , study , morals and intellect . He declared the teachers, the workers and the peasants as the true heroes and they were against the oppressors, the lazy, those who abandoned their families and those who wanted to live only in comfort. He sought to achieve a nation that remained united , that was strong , prosperous and that followed the guidelines of the State.

Review

The main criticism that is made of integralism is for its union with dangerous doctrines such as Nazism and conservatism, which turns it, in a profound way, in a movement that does not accept changes and that seeks the use of force and conflict to be able to achieve your goals.

Representatives

Among the main representatives of integralism we mention the following:

  • Charles Maurras a far-right politician who established an anti-Semitic and anti-parliamentary movement.
  • Plínio Salgado a Brazilian politician who founded the Brazilian Integralist Action party.
  • Getúlio Vargas , president of Brazil who also decided to support the integralism of third positionist ideology.

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