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Hypomania

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Everybody goes through periods of happiness, sadness, excitement and being confronted with certain difficulties at times. However, in cases of bipolar disorders, these emotional changes are disproportionate and reach such an intensity that the person does not realize that they are exceeding the limits. It is a situation that leads to problems in the family, work and social environment. Precisely, hypomania , usually develops in the picture of a bipolar disorder. This is characterized by a euphoric state that is not related to any particular context.

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Hypomania

It is a psychiatric disorder that is manifested by a transitory excitement or euphoria . It is a form of less intensity than a manic episode. The person suffering from hypomania often experiences an abnormal increase in energy persistently despite having few hours of sleep. Likewise, the desire to talk non-stop and agitation are characteristic behaviors of hypomania.

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What is hypomania?

Hypomania is usually described as a mood or energy level that is higher than is considered normal , but not so intense as to cause problems in the individual’s functioning.

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The word tends to cause confusion in some people due to the prefix “hiccup” which comes from the Greek and means “low . ” In this case, despite the fact that the hypomanic episodes are intense and not low, this prefix is ​​used to express a lower intensity than in the case of a manic episode. But it is important to note that if you compare it with a normal mood, hypomania is always higher .

Characteristics

  • The individual with hypomania remains functional unlike the individual with mania.
  • Mood swings caused by hypomanic episodes usually last for 4 days .
  • It is considered a moderate mania .
  • The individual experiences high optimism and accelerated speech .
  • Without proper treatment, it can turn into a mania or lead to a state of depression.
  • The patient does not experience psychotic episodes .

Causes

  • Alcoholism
  • Cyclothymic disorder
  • Narcissistic personality disorder.
  • Stress.
  • Changes in the hormonal values ​​of estrogen and testosterone.
  • Physical or emotional trauma.
  • Thyroid disorders

Symptoms of hypomania

People with hypomania generally have the following symptoms:

  • Hyperactivity, ideas of greatness,
  • Decreased sleep time.
  • Self-confidence exacerbated.
  • Distraction.
  • Disinhibition.
  • Need to talk all the time.
  • Greater creativity .
  • Hypersexuality

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of a hypomanic episode depends on the presence of a set of characteristics and symptoms. First, an abnormal increase in mood must be witnessed accompanied by an unusual increase in the individual’s activities and energy for at least 4 days . The mood, activities and behavior that accompany a hypomania are clearly different from those that a person usually has in their day to day, a fact that can be noticed by those around them. The absence of mood swings and the persistence of an euphoric mood are key to identifying a hypomanic episode of a normal variation in mood.

Treatment

Considering that hypomania can be a form of bipolarity , the treatments that tend to attenuate hypomanic episodes can be similar to those used in cases of bipolar disorder. For this, aspects such as the frequency of hypomanic episodes, the duration of the phases, the intensity of the symptoms , among others , must be taken into account.

To act on the moods induced by hypomania, the following medical indications can be followed:

  • thymus-regulatory treatment whose purpose is to regulate the mood.
  • psychotherapist follow-up .
  • Cessation of the use of toxic substances that could have caused the hypomania.

Finally, it is important to consider the factor that generates the hypomanic episodes since the selection of the most appropriate treatment to follow will depend on this.

How it differs from mania

Mania usually lasts for at least a week and is characterized by a significant alteration in the functioning of the organism which can even lead the individual to hospitalization or the presence of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions or paranoia. In hypomania, the duration of symptoms can be shorter , around 4 days. These symptoms do not lead to a significant decrease in functioning but rather, on the contrary, hypomanic people tend to be more functional than habit-forming and may feel an increase in energy, greater concentration, and greater ease in socializing.

On the other hand, the individual who suffers from mania suffers much more severe symptoms with acts of aggression and violence . The patient will have hallucinations and will enter a kind of hellish, delusional and intense psychosis. The emotional feeling of euphoria is significant and the person loses contact with the real world. All this makes the disease a real impediment to the proper functioning of your daily life.

Relationship of hypomania with bipolar disorder

At the beginning of bipolar disorder, hypomanic episodes are generally misinterpreted and are not considered pathological . On the contrary, the patient feels that they are pleasant and the family environment does not see a problem as such. Likewise, as the activity and creativity of the patient seem to increase, in the workplace, a positive change is initially perceived in the patient who seems to be more productive . It is later, in the face of more intense hypomanic episodes, that these periods are considered the first manifestations of a bipolar disorder.

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