Advertisement

Hyperrealism

Advertisement

Art, similar to photography in its scope in terms of realism and in aspects focused on everyday environments, hyperrealism is an independent art that has catapulted itself to fame in the United States.

Advertisement

What is hyperrealism?

Radical trend in painting and sculpture , which rejects any perception of reality from which they propose a mechanical or neutral creation.

Advertisement

What does it consist of

What is sought with hyperrealism is to reach an almost photographic precision , even if a camera is not used; It seeks to maintain in the painting that connection that is achieved in the viewer when viewing a photograph , a perfect framing, an adequate panorama and persistent fidelity to the scene.

Advertisement

Story

It has its origin in the American pictorial tradition , around the 1920s, precisionism painters already used photographs as a reference to finalize their works, however, it cannot be left aside that pop art marks a before and after for hyperrealism , this is considered one of the immediate precursors of this movement.

One of the main exponents is Chuck Close, who used photography as the basis of his portraits, these were isolated from conventional portraits for the time since he tended to be more cinematographic, in his works he deals with problems such as the viewer’s perception and focality ; This artist never started from reality, however, he approached it and gave shape indirectly on the canvas.

Characteristics of hyperrealism

The main characteristics of hyperrealism are:

  • Accuracy of details.
  • The differentiation between the real and the image.
  • Objectivity .
  • Radicalism.
  • Independence.
  • Precision.
  • Rejection of the mechanism applied to reality.

Techniques

This art is very meticulous when it comes to being made, many artists implement the use of graphite and colored pencils, in conjunction with watercolors if they want to elaborate landscapes; the artist must take care of the details of light, contrast and depth, to create the optical effects that make the work of that realistic turn that captures the viewer.

Hyperrealism by country

  • Hyperrealism in Mexico : they are characterized by having free expression, without limits or barriers , some artists such as Víctor Rodríguez , use knives, pencils and air pistols to increase the impact of the work on the spectators, however other artists seek aesthetics and perfectionism of his works, such as the artist Hugo Larencena who focuses on the handling of lights, contours and shadows, thus realizing his own artistic language. However, for artists like Omar Ortiz, the human figure has relevance, so it stands out in all his works in the most realistic way possible, for this he uses pastel colors going hand in hand with charcoal. Regardless of whether the styles in this art are individual, in an Art Gallery in Germany, in which some works by Mexican artists are exhibited, it was shown that the differences did not matter, being surrounded by these various exhibitions reached a goal concrete, warm learning and enjoyment for the viewer. Thus evidencing that art unites and distinguishes the differences.
  • Hyperrealism in Spain : one of those who spearheads hyperrealism in Spain is Reche , who with his sensitivity when creating has captivated many, this artist who with his works simply wants to reach people with warmth and in this way brighten the sight of the public and, therefore, that they forget recurring thoughts and their environment, that is, that they drink the work with their eyes. Thus managing to isolate viewers from the concerns and problems that calm and overwhelm them. Like everything Reche does, his works are meticulous, every detail is extremely careful and perfect , watercolors and oils are what he uses the most when creating.
  • Hyperrealism in Chile : one of the most relevant artists in Chile was Claudio Bravo , who was a painter and sculptor who expanded his horizons and brought his art to Morocco, his art was simple, yet charming. It relied on previews to create complex objects and shapes .

Artists (edit)

The most prominent artists of hyperrealism are:

  • Claudio Bravo: studied drawing and painting, at the age of 17 he made his first individual exhibition.
  • Antonio López: known for the meticulousness with which he plans what time to paint so that the incision of the light is perfect.
  • Jason Degraaf: prefers to start from the living to represent his works and not rely on photographs.
  • Edward Hopper: his works are particularly recognized, for being based on gas stations, train tracks and intimate portraits.
  • Don Eddy: specialized in rendering cars.
  • Richard Estes: He drew on urban environments, geometric landscapes, and cities for his works.
  • Pedro Campos: through his Oil paintings, Campos tries to express the many components or objects that are used daily in society.
  • Hilo Chen: specializes in portraits of female bodies in swimsuits.
  • Alyssa Monks: painter who fascinates and enchants viewers, due to her great skill in the design and presentation of water in her works.
  • Roberto Bernardi: his works can be full of elements that are accumulated, or stored in containers and so on.

Works of hyperrealism

Among the different works of hyperrealism we highlight:

  • In Praise of Italy, David Ligare.
  • Blue Djellaba, Claudio Bravo
  • Pencil and paper, Paul Cadden.
  • How many kilometers, Antonio Carretero.
  • The corset, Miguel Ángel Tapia Ortiz.
  • Back from the supermarket, Claudio Bravo.
  • The Overpass, Jeffrey Smart.
  • Lux Perpetua, Claudio Bravo.
  • Perspective , David Ligare.
  • The diamond, Roberto Bernardi.

Books

  • Accuracy: Hyperrealist Art Today, John Russel Taylor.
  • New forms of realism, Peter Sager.
  • Hyperrealism, Linda Chase.
  • Hyperrealist sculpture, Otto Letze.

Importance of hyperrealism

This artistic movement is of the utmost importance, since thanks to this the points of view about reality, were transformed into other more open and focused on the mobility and versatility of the human being and the environment that surrounds him, when this movement is carried out, a viewer perspective is born that isolates the habit of capturing realities in a rigid and mechanical way , turning them into vivid situations with which the viewer can feel identified.

Leave a Comment