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Human development Index

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All the nations of the world have their particular characteristics that differentiate them from others. Whether because of its culture, its language, its economy or its politics, each nation has its way of stimulating the development of its society towards a better quality of life for its citizens. The human development index is an indicator that serves to give evidence of the growth of the quality of life of the citizens of a nation in relation to their longevity and health, their access to education and per capita wealth calculated in dollars.

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What is the human development index?

It is known as the Human Development Index (HDI) to an arithmetic measure that serves as an indicator of the development of nations in three dimensions that are: having a long healthy life, acquiring knowledge and enjoying a good decent standard of living. This indicator was created by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq in 1990 and is used by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to measure the growth of the quality of life in various countries.

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  • What does it consist of
  • Story
  • What does the human development index measure?
  • As measured
  • Classification
  • Examples by country
  • Countries with the highest human development index
  • Countries with the lowest human development index

What does it consist of

The human development index consists of a measurement instrument that serves to determine the level of quality of life that governments offer their citizens.

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History

The human development index was prepared in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq to evaluate and classify countries based on other traditional indicators such as GDP, energy consumption, trade balance , in the economic aspect; the literacy rate in the educational field; military spending, among others.

What does the human development index measure?

The Human Development Index measures three important elements. These are:

  • The health , according to life expectancy at the birth.
  • The education , according to its adult literacy rate and primeria, secondary and higher education.
  • The wealth of its inhabitants , according to GDP per capita in dollars.

As measured

The human development index is made up of components that are expressed with values ​​ranging from 0 to 1. For this, the following formula is required:

Component Index = (Actual Value – Minimum Value) / (Maximum Value – Minimum Value)

By having the component indices, the Human Developments Index is measured taking into account the following calculations:

  • Calculation of the life expectancy index (IEV).

IEV = (Eu -20) / (max Eu-20)

The Eu is the life expectancy index of a country expressed in years.

  • Calculation of the education index (IE).

IE = √ (IAPE x IAEE) / max √ (IAPE x IAEE)

IAPE = AEP / (max AEP-0)

IAEE = AEP / (max AEE-0)

The IAPE is the index of average years of schooling.

The IAEE is the expected index of schooling.

  • Calculation of the HDI (HDI).

HDI = (1/3 (IEV)) + (1/3 (IE)) + (1/3 (IPIB))

The IPIB is the index of the country’s gross domestic product.

Classification

The classification of the Human Developments Index is made up of four levels . These are: very high, high, medium, low .

In the “ very high ” human developments index ranking there are about 49 countries. In the “high” ranking are 53 countries. In the “medium” classification , there are 42 countries and in the “low” classification there are 43 countries.

Examples by country

Below are some examples of the developments index in Ibero-American countries such as Spain , Argentina, Chile , Mexico , Colombia and Ecuador:

  • The HDI in Spain was 0.876 in 2015, ranking 26th among countries with a very high HDI.
  • The HDI in Argentina was 0.827 in 2015, ranking 46th among countries with a high HDI.
  • The HDI in Chile was 0.847 in 2015, ranking 38th among countries with a very high HDI.
  • The HDI in Mexico was 0.762 in 2015, ranking 77 among countries with a medium HDI.
  • The HDI in Colombia was 0.727 in 2015, ranking 95th among countries with a medium HDI.
  • The HDI in Ecuador was 0.739 in 2015, ranking 89th among countries with a medium HDI.

Countries with the highest human development index

Among the ten countries that have the highest human developments index (HDI) we can mention the following:

  • Norway
  • Australia
  • Swiss
  • Germany
  • Denmark
  • Singapore
  • Netherlands
  • Ireland
  • Iceland
  • Canada

Countries with the lowest human development index

Among the ten countries that have the lowest Human Developments Index (HDI) we can mention the following:

  • Eritrea
  • Sierra Leone
  • Mozambique
  • South Sudan
  • Guinea
  • Burundi
  • Burkina faso
  • Chad
  • Niger
  • Central African Republic

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