Horse Riding


The riding is perhaps not one of the best known sports but it is one of the most complete. The reality is that horseback riding is more than just a sport , as it helps us exercise multiple parts of the body and clear our minds.


What is horse riding?

Horse riding is an Olympic sport since 1912 , which consists of the art of maintaining control over a horse . It consists of different modalities where precision, obedience and care of the foal are key to success.


What does it consist of

Riding basically consists of maintaining precise control over a horse. Factors such as b, domestication and knowing the procedures for good horse care are essential for riders who wish to perform in this sport. 


Horse riding characteristics

The main characteristics of riding are:

  • Control over the horse.
  • The rider’s posture.
  • The mastery and ease of the horse to perform the basic gaits on different terrains. These gaits or natural types of gait of the horse are: the departure, the stop, the step, the trot, the gallop and the straight gallop.


From the moment that humans realized that horses could become elements to be transported more easily, it became a fundamental point of the growth of the human race.

First, in the Bronze Age, equines began to be domesticated for this purpose. Later, in ancient times , the horse began to be used for war purposes. Subsequently, the Middle Ages were characterized by the Spanish cavalry, where the first knights began to be trained to fight in combat. Later, the use of steeds in games on horseback for training began to be generalized , in such a way that horsemen would prepare for future wars.

In the year 1539 it was born in Ferrara, Italy, the first school of riding which is on record, representing the birth of riding with sporting purposes.


Horse riding began to be part of the Olympics in 1912 at the Stockholm Olympics. Currently riding has three disciplines:

  • Dressage: In this discipline the rider must perform a series of movements indicated with a specific air. Additionally, factors such as control over the horse, execution, rider posture and ease of performing the exercise are evaluated .
  • Obstacle Jumping : It consists of overcoming a series of obstacles on the track. Usually the order of the obstacles will vary according to the type of test.
  • Raid: This is a variant of the regular show jumping, since you must travel a field where you must overcome both natural obstacles (water, reliefs, potholes) and artificial ones. It is one of the favorite disciplines for the riskiest riders and amazons.
  • Full: Probably one of the most difficult disciplines for riders and their horses. A series of training tests are carried out , a series of obstacle jumps on the track and a field trip where a series of obstacles must be overcome on varied terrain. L os juries evaluate the accuracy of jumps, the elegance of the riders and precision jumping.
  • Cowgirl Dressage: It is quite similar to dressage or dressage but the movements are performed more quickly. This variant of dressage is usually common in rural areas.
  • High School: It is a discipline that requires greater control since the horse must perform a series of exercises but the rider must be on the ground.

Horse riding competitions

Riding competitions are usually divided into categories of minors and adults. Like other sports, the categories consist of children, cadets, youth and adults . Also, the contests are usually held on weekends and consist of three days of competition.

In addition, for riders and amazons who practice horsemanship, the competitions represent a special incentive to since it allows them to measure themselves with their peers, evaluate the performance of their steeds and to determine their faults and virtues.


The tracks of the competitions must be regulatory and have the meters established in the RFHE , which usually consist of 20 × 40 . The number of horses per test is not established. The jury evaluates the performance of the rider / rider on a scale of 1 to 10. In turn, the jury usually consists of between 3 and 5 members.

Also some of the most common horsemanship penalties are for disobedience, if the horse refuses to execute a movement. If a route error is made or if an obstacle is not jumped. In the same way, a fall of the rider / rider or an excess of the time limit leads to a loss of points.


The rider’s equipment  must consist of :

  • Jeans
  • Helmet
  • Gloves
  • Boots

For its part, the team for the horse is essential :

  • Mount
  • Stirrups
  • Bandages or protectors
  • Bells
  • Sweatshirts
  • Stable bridle
  • Branch
  • Carabiner
  • Flanges
  • Fanny packs
  • Horse cleaning equipment.

Featured riders

  • Juan Antonio Jiménez Cobo: Born in Córdoba in 1959, Spain is one of the most successful Spanish riders, reaching a silver medal at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games in dressage mode.
  • Ludger Beerbaum: He is a German rider born in Detmold in 1963, he is considered one of the best in history . He has participated in 5 Olympic games, winner of gold medals and has been in the first place of the world ranking of FEI (International Equestrian Federation) on multiple occasions.
  • Bill Roycroft: (1915-2011) Born in Victoria, Australia and achieved among many other achievements, the gold medal in the games in the 1960 Rome Olympics in the jumping mode.
  • Rodrigo Pessoa: He is a Brazilian rider who was born in Paris, France in 1972. He is recognized for being a gold medal winner at the 2004 Athens Olympics.

Horse riding curiosities

  • It is one of the sports where men and women compete equally.
  • Many sports such as polo derive from horse riding.
  • It is an Olympic sport since the 1912 Stockholm Olympics.
  • It is considered a highly expensive sport due to the care that horses must take.

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