The 31st president of the United States of America was Herbert Hoover , a man who came to assume the presidency just as the country’s economy was collapsing as a result of the Great Depression . Despite the fact that his predecessors were the main responsible for what happened economically with the country, many Americans blamed Hoover, who did not know how to recognize the seriousness or take advantage of the resources to face it correctly.
- When was he born: 08/10/1874
- Where he was born: West Branch, Iowa, United States
- When he died: 10/20/1964
- Where he died: Waldorf Astoria, New York, United States
Who was Herbert Hoover?
Herbert Hoover was the 30th American president who became known mainly for his progressive platform , his knowledge in the field of economics that tried to rule the country throughout the Great Depression .
- What did herbert hoover do
- Herbert Hoover Biography
- The great Depression
- Herbert Hoover personality
- Physical characteristics
- Works by Herbert Hoover
- Presence in popular culture
What did herbert hoover do
Herbert Hoover managed to organize the return of many compatriots who were residing in Europe when World War I began. He founded the Belgian Relief Commission and worked as director of the Food Agency . He was also in charge of founding the American Aid Agency that was in charge of distributing clothes, food and medicines to refugees who were in Eastern Europe.
He also had a position as secretary of commerce and in 1928 he was nominated for the presidency by the Republican Party. The country’s production decreased notably, which caused unemployment to rise, also cutting workers ‘ wages . It allowed large public works to be carried out with the state budget and allowed the state to give a large amount of loans to companies.
He created the Pan American Arbitration Treaty , opened an investigation for the League of Nations and managed to withdraw the navy troops that were in the countries of Nicaragua and Haiti. He also signed a Construction and Emergency Relief Law with which a large amount of money was provided for the preparation of public works
Herbert Hoover Biography
Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874 in Iowa , in a town called West Branch . He was raised by his relatives John and Laura Minthorn who were his uncle and aunt on his mother’s side as his parents passed away when he was a child. He managed to enter Stanford University in 1891 and managed to obtain a degree in geology later working as an engineer in the mines. He dedicated a large part of his life to looking for mineral deposits in order to create companies that were dedicated to the extraction of them.
He worked for a British company and thanks to this he had the opportunity to travel to different continents, demonstrating his great ability to properly organize work, which made him famous among several world firms . Appointed as a director in Australian and Chinese mining companies. At the beginning of the First World War , Herbert Hoover was an extremely wealthy man and seeing the situation that his compatriots were experiencing, he decided to help them to evacuate them and used part of his money to send food to places that had been devastated by the war.
His path to the presidency began when the Republican Party nominated him to run for president. His electoral campaign was based on the defense of the monetary interests of important financial groups, on the creation of a type of policy that would stop imports and on supporting the Prohibition Law . He became president of the nation on March 4, 1929, the year that was called the Great Depression .
It tried that the companies did not reduce the salaries of the employees, an aspect that is taken into account when there is an economic recession in the countries , however, this caused that the productions decreased considerably in quantity which caused as a consequence that the unemployment increased leaving the ruined workers.
Later he looked for a way to improve the country’s exports by declaring a moratorium on debts and creating a new action plan . However, despite his efforts, the economy was not reactivated . Herbert Hoover was the president who managed to open commercial relations with Latin America , helped mediate in the conflict that existed between Chile and Peru , and thanks to him the War of the Pacific was ended .
The great Depression
This was an important process as it marked the before and after in terms of economic policies in history . It is also known as the failure of economic liberalism . During this time, Herbert Hoover looked for a way to do politics based on ” laissez-faire ” and it was precisely this that many experts consider led the country to ruin . Hoover greatly increased federal spending causing private investment to plummet.
This situation caused wages to decrease as well as the consumption of products, causing the different economic activities to go into recession . The deficit that occurred in the country was enormous as there was an economic collapse due to the fact that companies had to pay salaries to employees until they were bankrupt.
His cause of death was internal bleeding that he suffered when he was 80 years old while at his residence located in New York. He died on October 20, 1964 at 11:35 a.m.
Herbert Hoover managed to graduate from Stanford University in 1895 with a degree in geology to later work as an engineer in the mining field.
His main ideology was based on laissez-faire but he also had an interventionist ideology that can be clearly seen when he decided to intervene and maintain the high salaries by making a series of promises in exchange for them, mainly to the leaders of the companies with the aim of avoiding workers’ strikes .
Herbert Hoover personality
The great religiosity that he had and his character formed after going through the trauma of losing his parents left an important mark on his personality that made him a man concerned and interested in helping others . His personality was self-sufficient , he was a hard worker and he cared at all times for those who were most in need and for those who lived under oppression .
Herbert Hoover was six feet tall and his hair was straight brown. Her hazel eyes , her face was slightly rounded and her complexion red . With a very rustic complexion, his shoulders were also a bit round, he wore a beard and mustache and he used to dress very simply.
His father was Jesse Clark Hoover , who worked as a blacksmith and his mother was named Hulda Minthorn Hoover , who was an educator. Both parents died when Hoover was a child.
He married a woman he met while studying at university, her name was Lou Henry .
Two sons, Herbert and Allan Henry , were born from their marriage .
The importance of Herbert Hoover lies in his great willingness , in his experiences in the social sciences that left an important legacy in the country and in the great encouragement that he fostered, which at the same time helped to improve cooperation between the different parts that make up the order. economic.
Among his most important recognitions are the following:
- His home in Iowa and Oregon are currently considered cultural heritage buildings .
- He was buried along with his wife at the Hoover Presidential Library .
- A state funeral was held for him in the rotunda of the US Capitol.
- In his honor, the Hoover Medal is presented , an American engineering award for extraordinary service to the engineers of mankind.
Works by Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover published in 1912, a compendium on medieval mineralogy known as “De Re Metallica” , a book that he himself translated into Latin. He made a very successful plan to be able to properly study the waste produced by the industry. His main work was called “Waste from Industry” which served as a business model .
He also wrote an autobiography called ” Freedom Betrayed”, a work that criticized US foreign policy. Other of his works are: American Individualism, The Challenge to Freedom, Prefaces of Peace, The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover, The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson and Fishing for Fun.
Some of the most important phrases of Herbert Hoover were the following:
- Using an atomic bomb, with the indiscriminate killing of women and children that it produces, twists my soul.
- The older men are the ones who declare war but it is the young men who have to go fight and die.
- Wisdom consists not primarily in knowing what to do but in knowing what to do next.
- When there is a lack of honor within the government, all the morale of the people is poisoned.
Presence in popular culture
In popular culture it is possible to find the story of Herbert Hoover in books and novels, his legacy is also taught in the different schools and colleges of the country.