The martial arts are a set of techniques and methods that have been created to defend and fight in different battles. They are classified as an art because they also represent a very defined aesthetic style. There are many types of martial arts among them we find hapkido , a Korean art that focuses mainly on personal , military and civil defense.


What is hapkido?

Hapkido is a type of martial art that means harmony , coordination and energy of the mind. It is a method by which the path to domination can be found.


What does it consist of

Hapkido is a type of sport and art that can be described as a set of hybrid , physical and also energetic properties . In this discipline, physical strength does not turn out to be the most relevant aspect, but rather, the movement of the body , flexibility , the correct way of breathing and the speed one has to take the necessary actions. In this sport, the main thing then will be to avoid violence since it does not focus on seeking confrontation but it does defend itself against an adversary when it makes an attack.


Characteristics of hapkido

Among its main features can be found the following:

  • It is a kind of self defense art .
  • It involves the union of the different mental and physical energies .
  • Use kicks , jumps, and hands to hit.
  • In this type of sport, it is not taught to score points but to survive .
  • His techniques have the ability to cause serious damage if used to the full.
  • It can also be practiced with some types of weapons such as rope , short sticks , swords or canes
  • The word hapkido means ” the path of union with universal energy. “
  • Its composition is mainly based on a number of different fighting methods .
  • Due to all its influences on processes and movements, approximately 270 different techniques are accounted for in its practice.

What is it for

Hapkido is a type of martial art that serves to defend against the aggressions to which a person is exposed. It is a means by which you can break the spirit of the adversary , to use all the power to attack and defend and to achieve destroy to the opponent through the energy to be away.

History of hapkido

The origin of hapkido dates back to Korean society, where different fighting systems and disciplines related to martial arts have emerged. Due to the mixture of cultures between China , Korea and Japan , it turns out to be a bit difficult to establish the exact time and place where the hapkido was born, however it is considered that it was born specifically in Korea as a reason for the invasions of other nearby countries. . It is believed to have been founded by Choi Yong Sul , around 1904 and 1986.

According to historians, it was he who managed to develop a system that combined a series of methods to fight of Korean origin , alongside the Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki-ju Jitsu. Choi Yong managed to acquire his knowledge thanks to his teacher Sogaku Takeda and worked for several years as a self – defense teacher . Initially, he called the system Yu Kwon Sul , but later it was changed to hapkido.


In all the places specialized in teaching this technique there are a series of principles and fundamentals that turn out to be paramount. These are as follows:

  • Yu or water principle : this principle is based on the resistance of the body , it is the way that seeks to respond to the attack through lateral and not frontal movements to be able to deflect the attack and use force to neutralize the attacker.
  • Won or principle of the circle : it is the principle that is responsible for delimiting the space allowed to respond to an attack, in other words, it indicates that each individual has a certain circle of territory which they can and should defend.
  • Wha or principle of harmony : it establishes that between the combat techniques that are applied there must be adequate harmony and that there must also be an excellent balance between the body and the mind . It states that only through harmony can skills be achieved and developed.

Hapkido techniques

The hapkido techniques are many and are divided into groups, among the most important you can find the following:

  • Nakbop Shu – Here are all types of falls including back, side, front fall, rolling forward.
  • They are Maki Shu : it involves all the defense movements that are carried out with the hands. We find for example the montong maki, jansonnal maki, batangson montong maki, yop maki, jansonnal bituro maki, bakat palmok montong yop maki, jirugui, yo, bakat, mok, etc.
  • They are Gong Kiok Shu : it also implies attacks with the hands and in this group we find for example the amount ng jirugui, olgul jirugui, sonnal mok chigui, dung chumok bakat chigui, palkup dollio chigui.
  • Chagui : here we find the blows related to kicks, for example the front, circular, side, back, hooking, straight leg, downward kick, push with the foot, outer and inner leg circle, low semicircular, etc. .
  • Hobo Shu – Involves all the basic projections such as the big outside mow, forward foot sweep, knee roll , outside and inside big and small mow, outside small hook, internal muscle sweep, hip throw, shoulder with two and one hand, swept with the hip, I return by the shoulder, etc.
  • Hobo Shu : This group contains advanced projections such as the direct wrist grab, the fist attack, and more.
  • Kochong Shu: involves immobilizations on the ground that can be done such as lateral rib control in scarf, shoulder control, lateral control on the four support points.


In the same way as in other types of martial arts, belts are present and are given depending on the category that the person has. These also depend on the school in which you participate. These belts according to the Joong Do Ryu Martial Arts Federation are:

  • White : a student who has no knowledge.
  • Yellow : students who are beginning to acquire knowledge and practice exercises.
  • Orange : they are the students who begin to fine-tune their movements.
  • Green : trainees who manage to improve rudimentary movements.
  • Blue – Awarded to apprentices who have managed to ascend to a higher plane, have increased concentration and coordination.
  • Purple : implies that the student has a more internal knowledge which he demonstrates through more precise techniques.
  • Red : students have greater power and confidence in their techniques.
  • Red-brown : the techniques begin to be executed more fluidly and with elegance.
  • Brown : Students can express their knowledge through the execution of the most fluid and powerful techniques.
  • Black brown: a successful combination of technique and proper conduct is achieved.
  • Black : occurs when the apprentice achieves the highest rank of the hapkido.


In the hapkido a type of kimono is used which is known by the name of ” dobok ” which is made up of three elements, the jacket (related to the sky), the pants (represents the earth) and the belt (symbolizes the man), it is important to mention that the belt will change depending on the level that the student has.


Among the main representatives of this technique are the following:

  • Patricio Javier Ruscica
  • Gonzalo Gatto Fernandez
  • Bruno Gaspari

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