Ground Transportation


The road transport or road transport refers to the transport of goods and people from one place to another by means of the road . The highway is a route that exists between two destinations , which has been paved or worked to allow transportation by means of motorized and non-motorized means of transport. Road transport has many advantages compared to other means of transport and the investment required in road transport is much lowercompared to other modes of transport, such as railways and air transport. The cost of construction , operating cost, and maintenance of roads is even cheaper than that of railways.

What is ground transportation?

It is the most used means of transport worldwide to be able to move goods or people from one destination to another. It is the transport that is carried out on highways with vehicles that work to be able to transport goods from one place to another.

  • Characteristics of land transport
  • Story
  • Evolution
  • Types of land transport
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • Importance
  • Applications
  • Featured companies
  • Examples of ground transportation

Characteristics of land transport

The most outstanding characteristics of land transport are:

  • Promote door- to- door delivery service .
  • It is mostly used internally .
  • You have some limitations on the amount of material you can carry.
  • Some of its loads are made by means of containers .
  • It is a generator of employment .
  • It is responsive and fast .
  • It has freedom of schedules of transport.
  • You can transport goods or people .


The history of land transportation dates from the pre-Columbian period since the Incas had a rudimentary but efficient system of roads that were all interconnected throughout the empire, which was used to transport different types of merchandise. The transport was carried out on foot or on the back of llamas, so that their products could reach their destination. In the twentieth century , the formation and installation of large manufacturers began , which led to a boost in the production of vehicles both for private use and for public transport and goods., as well as export to third countries.


The history of land transport can be seen as a reflection of the evolution of society . In its early years, the needs of moving objects and merchandise were carried out by means of animals . Dogs at first and larger animals such as horses became essential elements in land transport .

Drawn by horses, carts, and stagecoaches they assisted with the exchange of raw materials and manufactured products through the establishment of trade routes .

The research and innovation led to the emergence of modern methods of transport: the bicycle gave the idea to create the motorcycle and this, in turn, to the car. The discovery of the automobile went hand in hand with the discovery of oil in 1882. With the First World War , transportation needs increased, giving rise to today’s buses and motorized industry .

Types of land transport

The types of land transport that exist are:

  • Road transport : it is the most important for goods as well as for people , due to the great development of public and private vehicles . They have flexibility and are not restricted to following fixed routes, but can get anywhere by following the roads. In this type of transport are freeways , highways , expressways , roads of different widths and paved or unpaved roads.
  • Rail transport: transport large volumes of goods, but can only reach the places where the railways reach . The railway has adapted to the new circumstances by developing more speed , greater comfort and specialization in freight traffic
  • Special transports : they are exclusive to transport a single product , such as oil through pipelines, gas through gas pipelines, electricity through high-voltage networks, or information through the telephone network .


The advantages of land transport are many, some of them are:

  • Cheap : it is the cheapest type of transport, since its costs are lower than that of another. This is because no extra infrastructure is needed to carry out the transport, but only the vehicle itself is required .
  • Security of the merchandise : it allows the transfer of materials of all kinds, even the most dangerous goods , which means a crucial advantage, since other means of transport do not have this capacity.
  • Versatility : the transport allows access to the facilities or to its recipient, making it much more comfortable and allowing a safer delivery.
  • Direct : allow to provide the service from the origin to its destination .
  • Accessibility : it is very accessible due to its ability to maneuver to reach even the most complicated places , supplying the loading and unloading of material from door to door.
  • Wide coverage network : the road network has grown so it facilitates the transport and arrival of the merchandise.
  • Speed : it has flexible hours , it is quite fast, especially in short and medium distances.


Some disadvantages of ground transportation are:

  • Limited capacity : carries more restricted quantities of packages than other transports.
  • Distances : it is more limited in terms of long distances .
  • Pollution : transport emits waste and pollution , both atmospheric and acoustic.
  • Traffic congestion – In many places, there may be traffic jam areas that delay transportation.
  • Restrictions : the limits and traffic regulations of the countries are different and in this type of transport they can only operate within the legal limits, so it can be slower.
  • Accident rate : there is a high risk of accident rate of tons per kilometer.


This type of transport is very important for companies and users , either to transport goods or to move from one place to another. Innovation has allowed land transport to develop more every day, making it one of the favorite modes of transport. It is a service that promotes the economy of the companies, it is more flexible and accessible for people playing a vital role in the loading and transport of goods from one place to another.


The uses of ground transportation are as follows:

  • Transport of goods from one place to another.
  • Transport of people to different places from a specific destination.
  • Transportation of hazardous materials that cannot be moved by other means.
  • Transportation of patients in emergency cases.

Featured companies

There are many companies that operate by carrying out land transport, some of the most prominent are:

  • ACOTRAL Logistics Company
  • Dhl
  • Fashion Logistics Forwarders
  • Tranmexco
  • HB Hunt Transport
  • DSV Denmark
  • Yamato Holgings
  • XPO Logistics
  • Nippon express

Examples of ground transportation

Some examples of ground transportation are:

  • Bus
  • Car
  • Bike
  • Pickup truck
  • Truck
  • Motorcycle
  • Trolleybus
  • Tractor
  • Jeep
  • All terrain

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