The tort or tort as known is conduct that causes harm to other people or their property . It is a damage against a person that makes the injured person can recover damages, that is, a monetary compensation . The injured party may sue for the wrongdoer or in other words to the culprit to recover damages and damages to compensate for damage or loss incurred. We can say then that the grievance is a type of damage or affectationthat is done against a certain person causing an injury to the rights of the person.

What is a grievance?

A grievance is an injury or humiliation that is done against a person by means of an act or words linked to offenses and that may imply the impairment of the dignity and physical integrity of the person.

  • Definition
  • Tort in law
  • Source
  • Story
  • Types of tort
  • Examples


We know by the name of grievance the word or action that hurts , offends or despises a person. When an offense is committed, it is affected or the dignity or honor of a person is hurt , although it can also be caused against a thing , institution or society . We understand by tort also the injury that occurs on a right committed in a judicial resolution, for having applied the law inaccurately or for having ceased to apply. When a grievance is expressed, the appellant must specify which part of the sentence causes it, cite the violated legal precept and explain why it was violated .


Tort in law

The grievance in law is a saying that offends honor or fame , it is an offense or damage that is caused to a person in terms of their interests or rights . An evil, damage or injury that the appellant exposes before the judge ad quem. Previously, the word was equivalent to appeal . It is any type of impairment or offense towards a person, either physically or morally , it can also be of a patrimonial type as long as it is material and objectively appreciable . It must be a real affectation and not something solely subjective.


The origin of the word grievance comes from the Latin language . This word comes from the verb “aggraviare” , which means “to make worse ” or to do something heavier.


The history is not known exactly but some say that it began in ancient Rome .

Types of tort

The types of grievance that exist are:

  • Well-founded grievance: it is the type of grievance that expresses the violated law , mentions the part of the sentence in which the violation occurred and demonstrates through a series of reasoning and laws what the violation consists of. For it to exist it needs to have a major premise , a minor premise, and the conclusions .
  • Unfounded grievance: they are the type of grievance that is not founded when a violation is not specified with respect to some type of precept of law, as could happen if the complainant says in his claim that some articles violate since although the sentence that is He claimed he resolved by illegally evaluating the evidence to favor the defendant, it does not say why the legal provisions were violated .
  • Inoperative grievance : these are the concepts of violation or grievances that must first refer to the claim , to what is being claimed and to the petendi cause or to request that implies why the claim is made. It must also include the grounds and reasons for the claim, as well as the evidence .
  • Insufficient grievance: these are grievances where there is no precision of the arguments to demonstrate the illegality of the sentence, nor are the different legal grounds and the considerations on which the ruling was based are attacked.
  • Comparative tort: ​​it  is the unequal treatment that is given to people who have or who believe they have the same right to something in a certain situation . This type of injury is considered one of the most hurtful that a human being can suffer. People who suffer from it often wonder why they should be victims of worse treatment compared to others. This term is more used in the colloquial field .


Some examples of grievances are as follows:

  • When a person suffers from an undue decrease in their economic assets .
  • When a public service is incorrectly charged .
  • Psychological damage that is the product of improper medical care in a hospital facility.
  • In the workplace, when a man and a woman are occupying the same position within a company and perform the same functions , it is considered a comparative offense if the woman had a much lower salary solely because she was female .

Leave a Comment