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Greek sculpture

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The  Greek sculpture is considered a type of artistic expression that was highlighted in Greece. Both in antiquity and in its development until today, it was characterized by focusing on beauty in a magical and artistic way , putting detail in each of the aspects so that the final product was undoubtedly perfect.

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What is Greek sculpture?

Without a doubt, Greek sculpture is one of the most relevant artistic manifestations of this town , in such a way that, given the amount of fine arts that exist in Greece, it surpasses them all , taking root not only in culture , but also in the individual identity of each inhabitant of Greece; These sculptures were created starting from marble, bronze and in some rare cases stone , one of their main focuses in ancient Greece was the Gods who greatly blessed their land and all those warriors who fought to the death for Greece and deserved to be revered and honored for their actions.

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The Greek sculpture itself does not have much dating with regard to its origin, however, it is determined that around the 7th century BC it began to take root in the culture of Greece; This has been broken down since the beginning of civilizations according to authors familiar with the subject, since it was one of the ways in ancient Greece to practice rituals to the Gods , in the same way they were used as offerings for these gods to continue blessing their lands and protecting its people.

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Greek sculpture, although its origin is still unfinished through its evolution, was more accepted by each individual , in the same way as divisions of the point of origin of the sculpture were unleashed , thus creating several ramifications of the original idea , giving it the freedom for the artist to develop his art in a more fluid and flexible way.

Characteristics of Greek sculpture

Greece is an extremely popular and striking area for the cultural value of its objects, however, the sculpture in particular has some outstanding and striking characteristics, some of those characteristics are the following:

  • Although its origin is versatile , a dating from the 7th century BC is found as the point of origin of this artistic manifestation.
  • Its main theme was the gods and warriors who for the time were called heroes .
  • They were created mainly to perform rituals and as offerings for religious acts.
  • It is focused on manifesting beauty in a subliminal and magical way .
  • Most Greek sculptures are highly aesthetic, artistic, and detailed.
  • Perfection is one of the things that all Greek sculptors look for a way to express, which is reflected with great obviousness in their works culminated in their neatness .

Stages of Greek sculpture

Although Greek sculpture was broken down in various ways and had many ramifications that mutated the main objective of this artistic manifestation, it had four stages that were relevant and still stand out today , which were the following:

  • Stage of geometric Greek sculpture.
  • Stage of archaic Greek sculpture.
  • Stage of classical Greek sculpture.
  • Hellenistic Greek sculpture stage.

Geometric Greek Sculpture

This was one of the first stages or period of what today is known as standardized sculpture , in which it goes from rigid and flat structures , beginning to delve into wooden forms that, although it was rough, were implemented to give more life to the figures , at this stage the Greek sculpture began to seek the way to perfect itself, for which geometric figures were implemented to improve the figure of the sculptures and the excavation of them.

Archaic greek sculpture

This is the second stage of Greek sculpture, this being the way in which this artistic manifestation was catapulted and reached independence , generally the sculptures of this stage were called Apollos since they were made in the name of the victorious gladiators of what the olympic games were in ancient times ; this stage being crucial for what is the symmetry that began to be conceived in the sculptures and what was the work in bronze in addition to wood and stone began, however, although its evolution was progressing for this stage even the rigidity manifested itself in a certain way in the final products, which bothered the artists too much.

Classical greek sculpture

It is at this stage that the apogee of sculpture is found, being in the V century before Christ an artist named Fidias who catapulted it and made it shine not only in his hometown, but in many nations ; polishing all those sculptures that were poorly finished, taking care of every detail and beginning to give it the shape that it should and the one that is currently appreciated in these sculptures; He stylized each sculpture and they were developed in such a way that they not only expressed an emotion, but were an epicenter of conflicting emotions for the viewers.

Hellenistic Greek Sculpture

This is the last stage of sculpture and the one currently conceived in Greece, the schools of sculpture are developed more extensively around all of Greece and were planted as a study regime already verified ; The sculptures by this time were already detailed and extremely beautiful , however, they were added what was realism and a little seduction in each of their finishes, which managed to catch the viewers too much with the amount of emotions that these manifested, which could vary between tragedies, joys and various exaggerations.

Materials

Some of the materials that are used in Greek sculpture are the following:

  • Wood.
  • Stone.
  • Bronze.
  • Rarely ceramic.

Thematic

The themes of Greek sculpture were not very diverse, however, the meaning of each of them was what filled each of the inhabitants of ancient Greece, since creating based on religion and gratitude was a way of venting and offering for their own benefit, for which their only themes were those of the Gods and warriors , the idea of ​​beauty was progressively implemented , which is why today it is a set of all those characteristics.

Representation of man

The man in Greek sculpture was represented in a way that looks erotic, in a certain way, with extreme subtlety, boasting his attributes in a soft way so that there is not so much emphasis on him.

Representation of women

The woman, on the other hand, is represented with a heartbreaking delicacy , it is as if the artist has made it in such a way that it looks slightly lascivious when admiring it , in these the attributes of the woman are highlighted in an exaggerated way since it is one of the greatest sources of fertility , the finishes of the sculptures that refer to women are very good, one could even say that they are magical .

Importance of Greek sculpture

Greek sculpture is one of the most relevant artistic manifestations , not only in its locality of origin, but throughout the world , it explicitly transmits feelings, emotions and other phenomena that occur in daily life and takes to many regions of different cultures part of the original traditions of Greece, thus expanding its popularity.

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