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Genghis Khan

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His real name was  Temuyín , which means “the best steel.” The great Genghis  is the name he received after claiming the throne as Great Khan of the Mongols in 1206. Mongol warrior and conqueror who unified nomadic tribes of an ethnic group of clans in North Asia, founding the first Mongol empire, the empire largest contiguous in the history of the world. Under his leadership as  Genghis Khan , the Mongols began a campaign of conquest that extended their rule to a vast territory beyond the Mongolian steppes, from the Pacific Ocean, to eastern Europe and from Siberia to Mesopotamia .

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  • When was born:  1162
  • Where he was born:  Dulun-Boldaq, Mongolia
  • When he died:  08/18/1227
  • Where he died:  Yinchuan, China

Who was Genghis Khan?

He was a Mongol leader, strategist, warrior and conqueror, who managed to be emperor of the largest unified empire in the world, the Mongol Empire, he was born in April in the year 1162 and one of his most famous quotes was: “An arrow alone, can be easily broken, but many arrows are indestructible. “

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  • What did
  • Genghis Khan biography
  • Unification of the Mongolian tribes
  • Unification Campaigns
  • Expansion of the Mongol Empire
  • Death of Genghis Khan
  • Grave
  • Fathers
  • Relations
  • Decendents
  • Importance
  • Genghis Khan quotes
  • Presence in popular culture

What did

He united nomadic tribes from an ethnic group of clans in North Asia, founding the First Mongol Empire, the largest unified empire in the history of the world.

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Genghis Khan biography

It is presumed that he was born on April 16, 1162, Genghis Khan was born in an environment where the aristocracy dominated, in a society in the late high Middle Ages and early feudal ages.

He was a descendant of Qabul Khan of the Borjigin clan, the Temujin clan (Genghis Khan) had a high respect and prestige for their rank, because the Mongols were not one of the most powerful peoples in the steppe, they did not have a very broad power. However, the favorable situation of Temujín and his clan was interrupted by the death of Yesugei, his father, who was poisoned by the Tatars, followed by a consequent abandonment by the clans that supported his father, this is due because at the time, the heir was no more than ten years old.

From that moment on, the Temuyín family, that is, his mother and his six siblings were forced to live in destitute conditions, living off fishing and agricultural harvesting, being constantly subdued by rival clans, especially the Taichi ‘ut clan, who aspired to the vacancy due to the death of Yesugei.

In his youth, he carried out various activities, began to acquire loyalty and bond with other young individuals, who on many occasions, had lived the same circumstances as him, the first who joined his ideal was  Boghurtschi , who rode with him in his adolescence helping him to obtain from the Tai-eschuto bandits the eight horses, the fortune he enjoyed at that time.

A very important personage and his second most important link was  Jamukha , a young man of noble blood who took the oath of  anda  or ” sworn brother .” The position of the noble Jamukha, greatly helped Temujín to rapidly rise from different positions in the race to power.

More important than Jamukha’s support was that of a former ally of his father, who had been his ” sworn brother ” Togrhul , Khan of the  Keraites , who accepted him as a leader in their ranks. His position was now more favorable, coupled with Temuyín’s personal attraction, provided him with the voluntary adherence of even more warriors to his ranks.

An event occurs that further solidifies the power of Temuyín, as his wife  Borte  is kidnapped by the Merkita clan  , but already then Temuyín was in the position to request military support and Jamukha joins together with his clan to an offensive, the which the Merkita clan is struck down and the position of the future Genghis Khan is solidified.

Unification of the Mongolian tribes

The beginning of his campaign to unify the Mongolian tribes was based on the conquest of the confederations of the Tartars, Keraitas, Merkitas and Naimanos, thus etiologically the term “ Mongol” was born .

Unification Campaigns

  • 1185: Merkitas attack the Kiutes, a tribe of Temuyín, kidnapping Borte.
  • 1188: Defeat the Taieschutos. .
  • 1197: Conflict with the Keraites begins.
  • 1201: He becomes an enemy of Jamukha (former sworn brother )
  • 1203: Defeat the Naimanos and Keraites.
  • 1204: The most powerful clans proclaim Temujín king of Mongolia, but others refuse to recognize him. Start the war against Jamukha.
  • 1206: Subdue the remaining Merkites and annihilate the Tartars. Jamukha dies. Genghis Khan is proclaimed king of all Mongolia with no major rivals.

Expansion of the Mongol Empire

Thanks to the potential of the confederations under the command of Genghis Khan, little by little he developed an empire of more than one hundred million people, which he called the Mongol Empire . It stretched from Korea to Hungary and much of the Middle East

Death of Genghis Khan

On August 18, 1227, one of the great emperors and conquerors of Mongolian history, Genghis Khan, a leader who focused on the unification and spread of Mongol culture in every corner of all Asia, died, his last order was not to blur his death until all the garrisons were in place and all the princes already located in their respective camps.

Grave

At present, this is a mystery that has not yet been answered, it represents one of the greatest challenges for archaeologists, which is to locate and confirm the existence of the tomb of Genghis Khan and with it the realization of samples and features of a king of universal history .

Fathers

He was the son of  Yesugei and Hoelun , grandson of  Qabul , a nobleman who had harassed the borders of Yurchen China and chosen for them the title of Khan.

Relations

Genghis Khan was a very libertine man and had hundreds of women at his disposal, it was rumored that after each conflict or campaign of conquest in which he was successful, he drained all his impotence and slept with one of his women to vent.

The relevant one of his relationships was his first wife, named Borte. She was his partner in kingship and friend to the end.

Decendents

Today, Genghis Khan is considered one of the most fertile men in the world and one of the grandfathers of humanity , since he has more than 16 million descendants on the planet.

His closest legacy were his children:

  • Checheikhen
  • Kuoliejia
  • Chagatai
  • Jochi

Importance

The cultural legacy left by the Mongol Empire is the greatest unification of transculturation in universal history, freedom of worship , tolerance between clans, ethnic groups and tribes. And what continues to evolve the culture of the different traditions of an empire throughout history.

Genghis Khan quotes

Genghis Khan throughout his 40 years has advised and written famous phrases, among them are:

  • “Have the courage of cunning that stops anger and waits for the proper moment to unleash it.”
  • “It is not enough that I succeed, others must fail.”
  • “Within seven years I have succeeded in completing a great job and unifying the whole world into one empire.”
  • “Let’s drink from the cup of destruction.”
  • “An arrow alone can be easily broken, but many arrows are indestructible.”
  • “I am the punishment of God, if you had not committed great sins, God would not have sent a punishment like me on you.”
  • “I had nowhere to hide from the thunder, so I am no longer afraid of it.”
  • “Have one mind and one faith, then you can conquer your enemies and live a long and happy life.”

Presence in popular culture

Films

  • Cengiz Ham (2007) Director: Sergei Bodrov
  • By the will of Genghis Khan (2009) Director: Andrei Borissov
  • An End to Killing (2013) Director: Ping Wang
  • Genghis Khan (1965) Director: Henry Levin.

Books

  • Genghis Khan’s Son (2013)
  • Genghis Khan and the Beginning of the Modern World (2004)
  • Genghis Khan Life, Death and Resurrection (2006)

Games

  • He has his own campaign of conquest in the strategy game for Microsoft “Age of Empires II” (1999)
  • Genghis Khan II: Clan of the Gray Wolf (2004)

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