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Gender equality

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The gender equality is a phrase that describes the absence of differences obvious or hidden between people based on the gender . Differences can include discrimination in terms of opportunities, resources, services, benefits, decision-making power, and influence. It is important to note that gender is a social construction that is based on social roles , not on sexual differences per se. The dichotomous nature of gender lends itself to the creation of inequality that manifests itself in many dimensions of everyday life.

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What is gender equality?

Gender equality means that men and women have the same rights , responsibilities and opportunities since they do not depend on the sex with which they were born but do take into account the interests , needs and priorities of the groups.

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  • What is gender equality?
  • Story
  • objective
  • Importance
  • Gender equality by country
  • How it differs from gender equity
  • Advantages of gender equality
  • Phrases about gender equality
  • Examples

What is gender equality?

Gender equality basically consists of the equal and non- discriminatory treatment of all people regardless of their gender or sex . This phrase can be applied to different areas of life, not only within the aspects mentioned above.

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When we talk about gender equality in politics it is probably the place where there is the greatest deficit of democracy. The constant marginalization of women in representative positions, the lack of equality in public office and the difficulty for women’s interests to be evident in politics are common to see when there is no gender equality.

In the field of education , gender equality is observed in children . Care must be taken with the ways of teaching , and of giving equal treatment in classes, in addition to raising awareness in teachers to eliminate traditional sexist attitudes.

History

Governments began to recognize equality between women and men as a right at the beginning of the 20th century when it was achieved that it was recognized that women had the same legal status to be able to participate in public life, both in popularly elected positions, as well as in the economy and work than men.

One of the main events that had the greatest relevance in the history of equality was the approval in 1979 of the Convention for the Elimination of all forms of discrimination since it synthesizes the set of rights that States must guarantee to women. in civil , political , economic and social matters .

The long history of inequality in the United States laid the groundwork for gender discrimination and sparked further efforts to reduce it. In ancient times, women could not occupy a place in the workplace , sports or education and there was favoritism towards men and unfair treatment towards women.

objective

Empowering women and incentivizing gender equality is essential to accelerate sustainable development . Eliminating forms of discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right , it positively affects other areas of development.

Eliminate discrimination against women and girls around the world, although there are still some of the most difficult obstacles to overcome, such as violence and sexual exploitation , the unequal division of unpaid work and discrimination in decision-making in the public sphere . It also seeks to guarantee universal access to reproductive and sexual health and to give women equal rights in economic resources .

Importance

Gender equality has been of great importance to the world as it has managed to put an end to many types of discrimination that have existed against women for centuries. Violence against women in both the public and private spheres has been eliminated in many places , exploitation, child, early and forced marriage have been reduced, as well as obsolete practices that damaged the body of women.

Gender equality by country

  • Argentina : it is one of the countries that has best applied gender ideology, in fact it is ranked number 5 of the countries with greater equality. However, the participation of the male sector continues to be higher. It has the “Argentine law against violence against women” that deals with domestic , labor , media , obstetric violence and against reproductive freedom .
  • Spain : in this country, the European Institute for Gender Equality has recorded that in most of the country an improvement was achieved on the subject, both in education and in health . The improvements also include education and violence .
  • Mexico : gender equality has grown but still has many things to overcome since the female sector in the country still dedicates a greater amount to domestic tasks , in addition, there is a wide labor gap between men and women, inequalities persist within from the field of politics and administration.

How it differs from gender equity

Gender equality means that women and men have equal conditions for the full exercise of their human rights , to contribute to the development national political , economic social and cultural development and benefit from the results. Gender equity gives opportunities to both sexes, but gender equality is mainly focused on the idea that women and men are different, so opportunities depend on characteristics , contexts and needsspecific where they are and that they have from the various areas in which they interact, for example in the workplace , education , health , economic , cultural and social in general .

Advantages of gender equality

Some of the advantages of gender equality are as follows:

  • Gender equality is an engine of economic growth .
  • Women in the labor market help reduce poverty , intensify national markets and reduce inequalities .
  • It increases financial autonomy and improves the appreciation of female work, helping to empower women within the family, enhance their self-esteem and sense of citizenship.
  • The increase in purchasing power has a positive impact on children’s schooling, their nutrition and therefore their future development.

Phrases about gender equality

Some phrases that have been said about equality are the following:

  • “Whatever freedom we fight for, it must be a freedom based on equality .” Judith Butler, Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley.
  • “The two sexes are not superior or inferior to each other. They are simply different ”. Gregorio Marañón, doctor and writer.
  • “The human race is like a bird and it needs both its wings to fly. And right now, one of its wings is tied up, preventing us from flying high ”. Emma Watson, actress and Woman Goodwill ambassador.
  • ” Equality for women is progress for all.” Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General of the United Nations (UN).
  • “We must stop buying the myth of gender equality . It is not yet a reality ”. Beyoncé Knowles, singer.

Examples

Some examples of gender equality are:

  • At present, men and women can hold political positions, there are female presidents and male presidents, among other positions.
  • Today it is also allowed for men and women to hold military positions, which was not allowed before.
  • There is equality at work, since both genders can work in positions of leadership.
  • In the home, men and women can have domestic and at the same time economic positions.

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