The Futurism was an artistic movement born in Italy in the twentieth century and managed to expand throughout Europe . It was launched by the Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti through his publication in the newspaper called the Figaro of France in 1909 through his Futurist Manifesto.


What is Futurism?

Futurism was an artistic and literary movement that focused on breaking the past of art and literature to express its idea that art was something fluid and that it was always in motion through manifestos.


What is futurism?

Futurism consisted of an avant – garde movement that tried to reflect movement , dynamism , speed , the internal force of things, the exaltation of war , machines and all the things that the authors considered to be modern . It was a movement that ended the traditional , the past, and academicism.



The main characteristics of Futurism are:

  • He used vibrant techniques with color compositions.
  • He gave divisionism and abstraction .
  • Objects were dematerialized , a situation that came from Cubism .
  • There was the multiplication of positions of the same element.
  • There was a marked intensification of action through repetition .
  • He tried to catch the sensation of movement .


Futurism had its origin in Milan , Italy, promoted by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. It comes from cubism , and it was basically an Italian movement.


The movement was born in Milan , Italy, and was promoted by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti , on February 20, 1909. It was made to eliminate tradition , the past and the conventional signs that art believed were the main elements of art. The motto that the first Futurist manifesto had was ” Freedom for words .”

Futurism comes directly from Cubism , however, they managed to quickly evolve towards a differentiated aesthetic , due to their obsession with representing speed . This was an Italian movement of birth. It was the first movement that managed to organize itself as such and it did so through the Futurist Manifesto, published by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti.

Futurism in sculpture

The sculpture manifesto established the direction of futuristic sculpture and the visual arts . Its objective was to inaugurate a period of tradition and to celebrate change , originality and innovation in culture and society. The manifesto extolled the beauty of the machine and the new technology of the automobile, its speed, power and movement.

Literary futurism

Futurism in the literary field, emerged in Italy in the first ten years of the 20th century. It revolved around Filippo Tommaso Marinetti , who published the Futurist Manifesto in the Parisian newspaper Le Fígaro on February 20, 1909.

In this type of literature there was an exaltation of original things, of the structures of movement such as time, speed and energy, and there was a break in the tradition of literature, of the past and of the conventional signs of life. art.

Musical Futurism

Musical futurism was linked to literary and pictorial creation . Its most important representatives were Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and Francesco Balilla Pratella , an Italian musician who was the author of the Manifesto of Futurist Musicians . Albert Montserrat affirmed that the avant-garde musicians and the classics were far from futuristic music as aesthetics. For him, the musical work had to be dominated by the machine and by electricity.

The use of noise was promoted by the painter Luigi Russolo who in his Manifesto of the Noises affirms that music would be influenced by the poetry of Marinetti . Russolo, grouped the noises in his investigations.

Italian Futurism

Italian Futurism was the movement that was responsible for laying the foundations for the fascism of Benito Mussolini , by proposing a worldview patriarchal , promoting war and patriotism end. This movement included not only painting, but also poetry , architecture, and sculpture .

An important group of painters such as Umberto Boccioni , Giacomo Balla , Gino Severeni , Carlo Carrá and many others were in charge of teaching that when violence is ignored, art has no validity.

Italian Futurism was an innovative and avant-garde style that emerged in the first decade of the 20th century. He rejected the classical world and vindicated modernity , industry and machines . The leader of the movement in Italy was Filippo Tomasso Marinetti , an Italian poet, who published the movement’s manifesto or the Futurist Manifesto.


Among its main representatives we cite the following:

  • Umberto Boccioni : renowned painter and sculptor from Italy who has been named as the main exponent of the movement.
  • Carlo Carrá – Italian painter who was one of the most important leaders of Futurism in the early 20th century.
  • Giacomo Balla: He was a painter and sculptor of Italian origin who was one of the founders of the movement.
  • Gino Severini : painter and leader of the movement.
  • Anton Giulio Bragaglia
  • Alberto sartoris
  • Antonio Sant’Elia
  • Giulio D’Anna


Among the main works that we can observe in Futurism we mention the following:

  • Mercury seen from a telescope , passes in front of the sun
  • The city that arises
  • Horsemen of the material apocalypse
  • Gino Severini: Blue Dancer
  • Umberto Boccioni: Elasticity
  • Gino Severini: Self-Portrait, The Haunting Dancer, North-South, Blue Dancer
  • The funerals of the anarchist Galli, Penelope or Hermaphrodite Idol
  • Dynamism of a cyclist, Dynamism of a man’s head, Dynamism of a woman’s head, The growing city
  • Lovers in the water


The Futurist Manifesto has been of great importance to the world as it stands out as the first one that was created before the real works of art were created , and served as the basis, as an ideological basin from which ideas could be taken regarding the new world and new art, and was transformed into visual and architectural art .

It has been of great importance and has been an artistic movement of great influence for its contribution to the cultural policy of the 20th century.  It was a movement that had the ability to change some thoughts related to politics that we can observe today. It was the first movement that tried to integrate all citizens and politicians in society to determine the future.

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