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Franklin D. Roosevelt

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Franklin D. Roosevelt was a governor of New York who was elected as president of the country in 1932. At that time, the country was facing a series of serious problems due to the Great Depression and it was he who came to win and restore the trust of the people. He has been the only president elected four times and managed to expand the power of the federal government through a series of important programs in his effort to liberate the world from the nationalism of the German people and the militarism of Japan .

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Personal information

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  • When was he born:  01/30/1882
  • Where he was born:  Hyde Park, New York, United States
  • When he died:  04/12/1945
  • Where he died:  Little White House Historic Site, Georgia, United States

Who was Franklin D. Roosevelt?

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the president of the United States who helped the people to come out of the Great Depression injecting a dose of faith, hope and work. It helped lay the foundations for a proper peace organization that would later become the United Nations .

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  • What did
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Biography
  • Presidency
  • Death
  • Studies
  • Ideology
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt personality
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Physical Characteristics
  • Parents
  • Relations
  • Sons
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt and polio
  • Memorial
  • Importance
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Quotes
  • Presence in popular culture

What did

Among Franklin D. Roosevelt’s major accomplishments are the following:

  • Thanks to his great knowledge in economics and military affairs, he managed to recover the United States and become one of the main world powers over time .
  • He managed a series of banking reforms , social aid programs and was in charge of helping the agricultural sector and workers.
  • He was in charge of maintaining the vision of the United States as a strong and superior country internationally but at the same time he stayed away from warlike conflicts that had nothing to do with his territory.
  • It laid the foundations for the president to be seen as the fundamental figure in the leadership of the nation.
  • He redefined liberalism in the political realm.
  • He managed to recover the country that at that time of crisis was immersed in poverty and unemployment .
  • He managed to install a war economy which was regulated by the federal government. Thanks to this action, it was able to adequately mobilize the country’s resources, achieving its superiority over countries such as Germany and Japan .
  • He established the steps to follow to provide jobs and assistance to those most in need through the creation of the New Deal or ” New Deal ” as it is known in English.
  • He managed to pull the United States out of a severe economic recession that was preventing it from moving forward.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Biography

Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York . Only son of James and Sara Delano Roosevelt . He received an education through private tutors and managed to attend major universities such as Harvard. He married Ana Eleonor Roosevelt and had four children. He studied law at Columbia University and served for many years as a secretary at a Wall Street law firm .

In 1910 he decided to enter the field of politics and managed to win a place in the state senate representing the Democratic party for Dutchess County. In 1913, he was appointed as deputy secretary of the US Navy . In 1921 he contracted polio and was paralyzed for several years, when he managed to overcome the disease and stand up, he decided to return to the field of politics. In 1928 he managed to win the post of governor of New York and won the presidency in 1932 .

Presidency

He became president on March 4, 1933 when the economic and social situation of the country was going through a serious crisis. Unemployment was a thing of every day and the stock market was in the ground. The presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt focused from the beginning on social work and the development of equal opportunities led by the federal State . He improved the purchasing power of farm workers, won the trust of the bankers, and filled Congress with new plans and bills that were all passed.

He created important measures such as the Federal Administration of Urgent Aid for the realization of public works and for the care of its citizens, he developed the Tennessee Valley Authority program with which he managed to build hydroelectric plants to lower electricity prices. He initiated the Agrarian Adjustment Law improving the production of farmers and ranchers and activated the National Recovery Law of Industry to avoid price competition between merchants and industrialists, also promoting laws against the exploitation of women and children at work.

Death

Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a massive heart attack when he was 63 years old. At the time, he was in a family-owned rest home in Warm Springs, Georgia.

Studies

When he was 14 years old, he began his studies at the Grotow Law School in Massachusetts. Franklin D. Roosevelt studied law at Harvard in 1900 and completed his studies at Columbia University , graduating in 1904.

Ideology

Roosevelt had a pragmatic liberal ideology , he believed in people and in the capacity for progress. He was not a man who was carried away by dogmas and was always willing to move forward despite the circumstances. In reality he did not have a clearly defined ideology as he was also liberal and socially pragmatic at the same time.

Franklin D. Roosevelt personality

He had a very curious personality and was always willing to gain more knowledge, his communication skills were amazing and this helped him to interact with the world. He was a quick man to act and also had confidence in himself, and always thought about the good results of his decisions.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Physical Characteristics

Franklin D. Roosevelt was a man who was characterized by his athletic appearance and his good physical condition , he always lived full of energy. He was 1.89 meters tall and had blue eyes. He had a series of physical problems due to the disease polio that he managed to beat.

Parents

His parents were James and Sara Roosevelt . James was a major landowner and businessman from New York. When he was widowed, he married Sara in 1880.

Relations

In 1905 he married a distant cousin named Anna Eleanor Roosevelt who, when she discovered his infidelities, filed for divorce. He had a romantic relationship with Lucy Mercer Rutherford and Margaret Daisy Suckley . His secretary Marguerite LeHand also had a relationship with the president.

Sons

Their children went:

  • Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
  • James roosevelt
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.
  • Elliott roosevelt
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and polio

During a vacation on Campobello Island , New Brunswick , Roosevelt allegedly contracted polio while swimming in the waters of a nearby lake. After this, he was paralyzed for many years as the disease significantly affected his muscles. He used a wheelchair for a long time and also suffered from problems with his bladder, intestines and sexual organs.

He tried many available treatments and never accepted the idea of ​​being paralyzed. He thought about trying hydrotherapy and in 1926, he managed to buy a complex located in Warm Spring , Georgia, where he founded a care center based on this technique to treat himself and all patients suffering from the disease. Little by little he began to walk using crutches until he was able to walk again.

Memorial

The memorial or national monument to Franklin D. Roosevelt is located halfway between the Lincoln Memorial and the Thomas Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC  It is considered a tribute to the man who managed to lead the country out of the Great Depression of World War II , the ruler who never let a paralysis stop him.

His hopes for the future are engraved next to his statue and they read like this:

“We have faith that future generations will know that here, in the middle of the 20th century, there was a time when men of good will found a way to unite, and produce, and fight to destroy the forces of ignorance, intolerance, slavery. , and war. “

Importance

Roosevelt was one of the most important presidents of the United States because he was the one who with much effort and intelligence managed to move the country forward in the midst of a great crisis that affected both the North American economy and the rights of citizens, mainly those who work the land. . He managed to increase the national economy and position the country as one of the world powers .

Franklin D. Roosevelt Quotes

Some of the most important phrases of Franklin D. Roosevelt are:

  • The only limit to our understanding of tomorrow will be our doubts about the present
  • Whenever they ask you if you can do a job, answer yes and start learning how to do it right away
  • Do something and if it doesn’t work, do something else
  • It is common sense to choose a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something
  • There is nothing to be so afraid of as fear
  • When you get to the end of your rope, tie a knot and hold
  • In life there is something worse than failure: not having tried anything

Presence in popular culture

In popular culture, President Franklin D. Roosevelt is taken as a role model not only by Americans, but by many people worldwide for being one of the presidents who fought with all his might to get the country out of the ruins. His effort, tenacity and intelligence have been key and source of motivation for many.

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