Fourth Industrial Revolution


The fourth industrial revolution has been a whole process full of innovations that is based on a series of digital , biological and physical technologies whose main objective is to completely change the world. A new way of living, working and relating to other people are some of the things that may come up as a result of this revolution, and if you look closely, many of these things are already happening today.


What is the fourth industrial revolution?

It is a means of transition that aims to reach new systems built digitally . A revolution that is based on speed , scope and the impact it has on all systems that seeks to reach countries towards a new way of life.


Characteristics of the fourth industrial revolution

Among its main characteristics are the following aspects:

  • It was driven by the union of digital technology and physical technology .
  • It is considered as a meeting of different types of developments and their improvements.
  • In the fourth industrial revolution the Internet  plays a very important role.
  • It is known by the name of revolution 4.0 .
  • It is characterized by the search for absolute automation of manufacturing processes .
  • You need cyber – physical systems to move forward.
  • It is a threat to people’s jobs.
  • It focuses on the digital world .
  • It is a process that develops technology and industrialization .
  • Its most important element is smart factories that are better adapted to different production needs.


The history of the fourth industrial revolution goes hand in hand with the first three revolutions in the world. The arrival of the machines that were being modernized more and more every day has considerably promoted the change in all the countries worldwide as time passes. In 2013 , a new report was made at the most important technology fair in the world that included the technological and digital tools necessary to implement the process.

Where it appeared

The term fourth industrial revolution is a process that began to be heard in 2011 at the Hannover Fair , considered the most important industry fair in the world.


The fourth industrial revolution took place because of the need to continue transforming humanity and as a means to reduce the damage done by the industry to nature and to the middle room . Another of its causes is the search for new techniques to be able to interact and learn more easily, including technological and innovative advances , which day by day imply greater creativity , adaptation and the ability to open the mind to new concepts.

Consequences of the fourth industrial revolution

One of the most observable consequences of this revolution is the production of large amounts of data , mainly in terms of digitization and the Internet . All this data is used for artificial intelligence so security at this point is almost a thing of the past. It is believed that some of the most notable consequences will be seen in a few years … the products will be made with 3D printers, the world population will have better access to the Internet, shopping places will be served by robots , automatic vehicles will prevail , there will be no traffic lights and the companies will be worked via the Internet.

Social changes

The fourth industrial revolution will change the way people act and what they do affecting the cultural and national identity of all human beings and therefore will also influence all aspects of daily life such as privacy , property , forms of consumption and the time devoted to everyday and personal situations . It influences at the same time the form of study , the type of career that you decide to take, the skills and the way in which you meet and establish relationships with others.

This great change can at some point even interrupt the way in which people show compassion and cooperation with others, a constant connection can lead to avoiding reflection and thinking and even having a meaningful conversation. Due to these social changes, it is of vital importance that people manage to value and redefine all moral and ethical limits .


The technology comes hand in hand with the fourth industrial revolution and progress in this drive every day the revolution area. These technologies are part of all aspects related to work and industry and can be divided into:

  • Technologies that transform the physical world such as biotechnology , robotics, the internet of things, energy transmission and storage.
  • Technologies that transform the digital world that includes aspects such as blockchain, artificial intelligence, new technologies in the construction of computers, and virtual and augmented reality.


Among the main inventions that have been created by the fourth industrial revolution, the following are mentioned:

  • Big data
  • Artificial intelligence
  • 3D printing
  • Robotics
  • Virtual reality
  • Fiber optic internet

Energy sources of the fourth industrial revolution

Thinking that fossil fuels will run out in the future, the fourth industrial revolution has included the use of different energy sources. Among the main options that are put on the table to obtain energy we can mention biofuels , coal (a mineral that is in abundance), oceanic thermal conversion , wind , hydroelectric and nuclear energy.


The means of transport in this revolution are based on electric mobility whose main objective is to be able to solve a large part of the environmental problems that include climate change and air pollution problems . With this type of mobility, in addition to saving money on fuel costs, it is sought to eliminate the use of combustion parts, filters and oils. This type of vehicle only needs to be connected to an electrical network by means of a conventional plug and its charging can be carried out very quickly.


Among its main representatives we mention:

  • Klaus Schwab who wrote a book on the fourth industrial revolution.
  • Erik Brynjolfsson
  • Andrew McAfee

Advantages of the fourth industrial revolution

The fourth industrial revolution has brought a series of great advantages to the countries and companies where it is already being implemented. One of the most important is the considerable increase in productivity as many of the modern technologies in use today have managed to significantly increase production capacity while improving capacity and effectiveness in distribution.

It is also considered that this revolution has the great advantage of creating products and services that can significantly increase the efficiency and well – being of individuals, considerably reducing the cost related to transport, trade and different communications since people they should no longer move from one place to another. More efficient supply chains are created and a large number of new , innovative markets are established that are always in constant economic growth .


One of its main disadvantages is that, being a completely Internet-based revolution, many underdeveloped countries may not have the capacity to adapt to it because they have less capacity to innovate and adapt to the new system. Another important disadvantage that must be taken into account is that this type of technology can eventually replace human labor, which can cause considerable loss of human labor .

This situation can bring as a disadvantage and consequence a greater inequality in the world due to the disruption of the labor market , due to this a series of differences and tensions in society can occur mainly caused by the division in the labor market that divides the qualified people of those who are not. In turn, this situation could lead to an increase in the return on capital but, at the same time, to reduce the work performance .


Its importance is based on the fact that this revolution has the great capacity to raise the amount of economic income worldwide and can help improve the quality of life in countries. In addition, due to some of its innovative theories, it is capable of considerably improving the environment and eliminating the creation of high levels of pollution.

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