One of the sports that is most liked and that has the largest number of followers is without a doubt soccer . A game for adults and children where the excitement and adrenaline of scoring a goal becomes their main action. This sport is known internationally and is played in practically every country in the world.


What is soccer?

Soccer is a sport whereby players try to get the ball across the field through a series of techniques and passes to the opposing goal with the main objective of scoring a goal.


What does it consist of

Soccer is a sport that is played following different rules of the game . It consists of the use of a ball within a court where teams of eleven players each will try to introduce the ball within the framework of the opposing team. The team that manages to score the most goals will be the winner , when they score the same amount, it will be a draw.


Football characteristics

The main characteristics of football are the following:

  • The games are played on a rectangular court using a ball .
  • Only two teams can remain on the court and each of them has 11 players.
  • The only player who can touch the ball with his hands is the goalkeeper .
  • The main idea of ​​the game is to be able to introduce the ball into the opposing goal to score a goal .
  • At half time, the players have 15 minutes to rest .
  • Each time of the match lasts 45 minutes .


Soccer has been practiced for hundreds of years but its history changed with the modifications made by the English that were key to the soccer that we appreciate today. In the 16th century , the different British schools began to transform the game into a team sport . The rules were changing little by little until they reached what is known today. Later they began to create different associations worldwide that were in charge of creating competitions and regulations to be followed.

Who invented it

The true inventors of soccer were the Guarani Indians who used to play a game called Manga Ñembosarái , which included a ball that the participants moved with their feet. Later, the technique was perfected by the English.

Women’s Football

The history of women’s football dates back to 1894 when Nettie Honeyball was commissioned to found the first club in history. After the First World War the sport took on more value among women who began to practice it more frequently. Currently, there are women’s branches in all countries and worldwide, and world championships such as the UEFA Women’s Championship and the Women’s Soccer World Cup are held.

How to play

Soccer is played using a round ball . Two teams of eleven players take to the field with the aim of making the ball enter the opposing goal to score a goal . The team that manages to score the most goals will be the winner. It is a game where the ball cannot be touched with the hands but other parts of the body such as the head and chest can be used.

Soccer basics

The basic fundamentals of soccer include a series of activities that include proper control of the ball , good driving of the ball throughout the field, a correct way to pass the ball from one player to another, shots on goal or shots suitable for finish the attack and score the goal .


The main rules of soccer are mentioned below:

  • Matches can be played on natural or synthetic surfaces .
  • The playing field must be rectangular, divided into two parts.
  • The ball must be spherical and made of leather
  • Teams must be made up of eleven players , including the goalkeeper.
  • The basic equipment of a player will be the shirt, shorts, socks, shin guards, suitable footwear and for the goalkeepers, gloves.
  • The match must be controlled by a referee who has to enforce the rules of the game.
  • You can have two assistant referees .
  • The matches last two periods of 45 minutes each.
  • When the ball crosses the opposing goal, it will be counted as a goal .
  • The penalty is taken 11 meters away from the goal.


The different positions that soccer players adopt depending largely on their abilities are the following:

  • Goal : goalkeeper is indeed one of the most important players in the game for victory depends on him largely. He protects the frame and is the only one authorized to touch the ball with his hands to avoid scoring a goal.
  • Defense : there are three important positions that a defender can play, the central defender who is in charge of stopping the opposing team’s offense before it can reach the goal, the lateral defender who has a defense function and sometimes projection and the free defender on the wing who can have a looser style of play, who participates in the attacks and who drives the ball properly.
  • Midfielders or flyers : defensive midfielder is responsible for conducting the containment , the recovery of the ball and end the dangerous moves of the opponent. The central midfielder is in charge of preparing the plays and distributing the game and is of the utmost importance for the team. The attacking midfielder or midfielder will be in charge of moving forward and coordinating the attack.
  • Forwards : they are in charge of scoring the goals but they also have a series of defensive actions .


The categories of football at the basic level consist of different groups. Benjamín, which includes eight and nine-year-olds, Alevín where children between 10 and 11 years old are located, the Infant category where boys between 12 and 13 years old are grouped and this is where they begin to prepare to participate in the soccer field 11; the Cadet category formed by children between 14 and 15 years old and where the offensive and defensive concepts of soccer are learned, and finally the Youth category , which includes adolescents between 16, 17 and 18 years of age, a category to perfect defense and offense learned previously.

For national categories , practically in all countries the first, second, second B and third divisions are used. In order for teams to be promoted to the first division, they must be in the top positions when the league ends.

Soccer competitions

Soccer is a sport that is practiced basically all over the world and competitions take place in all countries through national championships that in turn have different divisions of players. The main championships or competitions are mentioned below:

  • The UEFA Champions League, formerly known as the Europa Cup , is an annual tournament played by the main clubs in Europe. It is seen as one of the most popular competitions in the world.
  • FIFA World Cup or World Cup , one of the most important events that takes place every four years, changing the venue each time it is played.
  • Eurocup a tournament where national teams from Europe participate, it is held every four years and is organized by UEFA.
  • Copa del Rey, a national championship that takes place in Spain .


In football, individual and collective techniques can be developed . The individual ones are the actions that a single player can develop with the ball and among them we mention:

  • Driving : it is carried out to control and properly handle the ball within the field of play.
  • Control : the ability of the player to handle the ball, to dominate it and to be able to put it in a correct position. There are stop, semi stop, damping and oriented controls. This control can be performed with different parts of the body such as the foot, trunk, abdomen, chest and the head.
  • Dribbling 1 × 1 : it is a technique that allows the player to advance by carrying the ball while avoiding the opponent. You need coordination, skill and a lot of imagination.
  • Shooting : it is the action of sending the ball through the opposing goal, this is the final action of football and the idea is to score the goal. Shots can be made with the foot and with the head.

As for the collective technique , it allows establishing a good relationship between the teammates of the same team to be able to advance with the ball. You must take into account the spaces and movements as well as the surface of the game.


For local matches, the length of the court must be a minimum of 90 meters and a maximum of 120, while the width of the court must be between 45 and 90 meters . For international commitments , the length measurements range from a minimum of 100 meters and a maximum of 110 , while the width must have a minimum of 64 meters and a maximum of 75 .

In addition, in the center of the court there must be an arch or small area that measures 5.5 meters in length by 7.32 in length.  The baseline that goes until the penalty kick will have to be 11 meters away.


The ball to play and practice soccer must be spherical in shape . This circumference must have a measurement of 68 to 70 centimeters and must also have a weight of between 410 and 450 grams.  In addition, it must have an adequate pressure of 0.6 and 1.1 atmospheres, in other words of 600 to 1100 g / cm2 at sea level.

They are manufactured in several superimposed layers that are then covered by a waterproof material on their surface. These layers are generally shaped like hexagons or pentagons . Most are made using synthetic leather .


The team that every player must have to go out onto the court to play a game is the following:

  • Jerseys:  every player must wear a shirt that identifies the team to which he belongs. They are generally made of polyester and the colors of the teams must be opposite to avoid confusion.
  • Shorts: mandatory for use, they are usually made of synthetic materials that help repel sweat. Only goalkeepers can wear long pants.
  • Stockings: Stockings should cover the entire area where the shin guard and calf are placed. All team socks must be the same color.
  • Shin guards: they are mandatory and must be covered with socks. It is an important element for protecting the most exposed part of the leg from kicks and blows.
  • Shoes: soccer shoes are one of the most important parts of the outfit and must be adapted to the terrain properly.
  • Gloves: the gloves are for the exclusive use of goalkeepers, they are made of synthetic material and have the necessary thickness to be able to catch the ball.

How many players are on a soccer team

Soccer teams have a total of 11 players on the field including the goalkeeper. Outside the field there is more, because in reality the total number of players including those who are not on the field of play is 25 .

How long does a soccer game last?

A soccer game consists of two halves , each of them lasting 45 minutes . In addition, there is a 15-minute rest period between the two times . In the championships, in the event of a tie, two extra times of 15 minutes each must be played.

Famous players

Among the most famous players in this sport and in history we mention the following:

  • Diego Armando Maradona
  • Lionel messi
  • Pele
  • Cristiano Ronaldo
  • Alfredo Di Stéfano
  • Franz beckenbauer
  • Zinedine Zidane
  • Ronaldo


Among the curiosities that most draw attention to football, we can mention that the game that scored the most goals was between Australia, which scored 31 goals, and American Samoa, which scored 0. The first game that was broadcast on television was in 1937 . In 1998, lightning caused a misfortune, killing an entire team on the field of play. Ronaldinho Gaúcho scored a total of 23 goals in a single match.

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