Figure Skating


The figure skating is a sport in which skaters on ice or on a track , alone or in pairs, perform movements of jumps, spins, promotion , and work feet graceful manner. Its name is derived from the patterns that skaters make on the ice, an element that was an important part of the sport until recently. There are several types of figure skating, including freestyle , pairs , ice dancing, and synchronized team skating . The style of competition, as well as the movements and techniques of the skaters, vary for each categoryOf skating. Figure skating has become one of the most popular sports in the Olympic Games of Winter.


Figure Skating

Figure skating is a winter sport , although it can be performed throughout the year in which athletes perform a musical piece skating on an ice rink and performing acrobatics to the rhythm of the music.


What is figure skating?

Figure skating consists of performing a choreography for a musical piece skating on a track in which a series of different movements , turns, jumps and acrobatics are performed, all of them to the rhythm of the music . Each movement has a score and the technical and athletic aspects are scored by the judges.



The history of ice skating originated in Holland during the 14th century . It arose from the need to cross the channels that were frozen during the winter, this situation led to the use of skates with wooden blades. In 1572 they created the blades of iron and seventy years later had already founded the first club skating in Edinburgh.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, figure skating was considered a common pastime for monarchs and aristocrats , and in 1850 the American E. Bushnell introduced the steel blades. Several years later, Jackson Haines began introducing different elements of choreography and music to skaters.

In 1879 the first artificial ice rink was built in England . In 1889 the first World Skating Championship was held in Holland for the first time . Some time later the International Skating Union was created in the Netherlands and then moved to Switzerland. It was introduced as a summer sport in London in 1908.


Among the general rules of figure skating we can mention the following:

  • The age to participate is between 13 and 15 years old and the maximum is between 19 and 21 years old.
  • You must have the nationality of the country you represent or have lived in it for at least one year.
  • The judge is responsible for the competition being carried out following the regulations.
  • The judge will be in charge of the assistants, judges, timekeeper, scorers and audio managers.
  • The assistant must collaborate with the judge in all functions.
  • After the presentation, the judge or judges must make their evaluation and put a score .
  • The manager of the track must be a member of the board.
  • The sound manager must test that the entire audio system works properly.
  • The delegates must represent the institutions in charge.

Figure skating modalities

The modalities of figure skating are the following:

  • Mandatory figures : they are contained in the regulations of the International Skating Federation. They should circle the track and do three runs on each foot. You do not have an established body image pattern.
  • Individual free : it is executed following a musical rhythm , turns, steps, jumps and acrobatics are given. Harmony , rhythm and fluidity , as well as the style of the participants, must be taken into account .
  • Individual dance : performed by tracing an imaginary pattern on the track, basic dance movements such as movements and runs are used that give greater fluidity to the choreographies.
  • Free pair:  formed by a man and a woman who synchronize their routines, with turns and jumps, lifts and acrobatics. The modalities depend on the category and level of the participants.
  • Couple dance : it is performed by skaters of different sex, it is a free style and they must perform movements of marches, waltzes, fox trot, tangos and pasodobles, for example. It should be a routine full of harmony , spatial perception and creativity .
  • Precision : this routine is done in groups of 12 skaters or a maximum of 24 and is the assembly of a whole choreography that must be performed as uniformly as possible by the skaters.
  • Show : it is carried out by a group of skaters and they can use elements of free skating and pairs , they must dramatize the story or the rhythm that they have previously chosen. Costumes, makeup, accessories, and music are very important.


The six main jumps in figure skating are:

  • Axel, which can be double, single or triple.
  • Loop or loop jump.
  • Salchow.
  • Flip or toe salchow.
  • Lutz or jump dive.
  • Toe Loop also known as chopped loop.


Among the most important figures that skating artists must perform are:

  • Canyon
  • Knee
  • Low arabesque
  • Stork or balance
  • Death of the swan
  • Angel
  • Pigeon or arabesque
  • Pigeon variation
  • Eagle
  • Eagle one point up
  • Two headed eagle up
  • Reversed


The tracks must be in tile, granite, marble, concrete or polished wood. Measurements must be a minimum of 40 x 20 meters or a maximum of 50 x 25 meters and with a roof or roof.

Figure skating equipment

The main accessories for figure skating are:

  • Skates : they are the fundamental part of the sport and are made by leather ankle boots.
  • Blade : it is located under the skates and is made of tempered steel, or it can be two wheels in the case of skating on a cement track.
  • Dress : It should fit the athlete’s skin, but it should be comfortable at the same time.
  • Protectors : In some cases knee pads, helmets, gloves should be used to protect joints.

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