Ferdinand the Catholic


One of the most important kings of Spain was undoubtedly Ferdinand the Catholic . Together with his wife, the also famous Isabel la Católica , he was and is considered one of the most important monarchs throughout the history of Spain, as he tried with all his might to achieve the unification of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon. and to lay the political foundations that the country has to date.


Personal information

  • When was he born:  03/10/1452
  • Where he was born:  Sos, Spain
  • When he died:  01/23/1516
  • Where he died:  Madrigalejo, Spain

Who was Fernando the Catholic?

Ferdinand the Catholic was the king of Aragon, Sicily, Naples and sovereign of Castile who is considered one of the founders of present-day Spain and as the person in charge of financing the voyage of Columbus in which the new continent was discovered .

  • What did
  • Biography of Ferdinand the Catholic
  • Death
  • Will
  • Physical appearance
  • Personality of Ferdinand the Catholic
  • Fathers
  • Relations
  • Sons
  • Importance
  • Phrases
  • Ferdinand the Catholic in popular culture

What did

Thanks to Fernando el Católico, the figure of the magistrate was institutionalized , the inquisition was created , a sanction was imposed on the nobles who were rebels and the royal treasury was also organized  He managed to end a series of problems due to misuse and lease contracts . He strove to complete the reconquest , always seeking the political unification of the kingdoms under the leadership of Castile. He also achieved religious unity by expelling the Jews and managed to conquer the kingdom of Naples. Thanks to his reign and ideals, the discovery of America was achieved and the process ofcolonization of the continent America.

Biography of Ferdinand the Catholic

Fernando the Catholic was born on May 10, 1452 in Zaragoza , Spain . He was the son of the King of Aragon , Juan II and Queen Juana Enríquez . In the year 1461 he was named as the heir to the throne after the death of his stepbrother by the Cortes of Calatayud. After the Infante Alfonso de Castilla passed away and recognized the Infanta Isabel as Enrique IV’s sister, Juan II of Aragón sought by all means until Ferdinand was able to marry her.

Years later, Isabel and Fernando were recognized as the Catholic Monarchs . He was also the governor general of Aragon and Catalonia in 1466 and later a co-regent of Sicily. In 1479 he took his post as King of Aragon and in 1481, he was finally appointed as King of Castile together with Isabel I. In 1478 he founded the Spanish Inquisition and the Pragmatic in 1502.


Fernando el Católico died on January 23, 1516 in Madrigalejo , in the province of Cáceres , when he was going to attend the chapter of the orders of Calatrava and Alcántara located in the monastery of Guadalupe . It is believed that his death was due to having abused the cantárida that was used at that time as a type of aphrodisiac , in an attempt to have a male heir with his wife Germana de Foix.


All the possessions he had he left in favor of his daughter , and named his grandson Carlos de Gante in the position that his daughter should assume within the government and regency of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, named his natural son Alonso de Aragon as regent of the kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon and Cardinal Cisneros , regent of Castile . He made the will on April 26, 1515.

Physical appearance

According to several portraits that were painted at the time, it described the physical appearance of Ferdinand man with eyes like a beautiful , big and ripped . With thin eyebrows , a very sharp nose , and slightly enlarged mouth and lips . His face was very white and his cheeks were very red, his beards, his hair was brown , straight and did not reach his face.

Personality of Ferdinand the Catholic

According to historians, Ferdinand the Catholic had an exceptional personality that included a great capacity to assume organizational changes, managing the Kingdom and politics in an integral way. He was a true role model even though he had no prior experience or adequate training . He had a great capacity for analysis about situations and events, and a strong determination to seize opportunities.


The parents of Fernando the Catholic were Juan II the Great and his second wife Juana Enríquez .


His father negotiated in total secret the marriage of Fernando with Isabel , when she was proclaimed Princess of Asturias. Later when Isabel died, he married Germana de Foix , who was the niece of Louis XII of France . He also had a relationship with Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra , a Catalan nobleman from Cervera, María Esperanza , María Blanca and with Juana Pereira .


With Isabel he had 7 documented children :

  • Isabel princess of Asturias.
  • Juan who was prince of Asturias.
  • Juana I of Castile who married Philip the Fair of Habsburg.
  • Maria who also had: Juan III, Enrique I of Portugal and the Empress Isabel, wife of Carlos V.
  • Catherine who was Queen of England and mother of Queen Mary I of England, Mary Tudor.

With his second wife Germana de Foix he had the following children:

  • Juan who died a few hours after being born.

With Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra , he had two natural children:

  • Alonso, abbot of the Monastery of Montearagón.
  • Juana María de Aragón.

With Toda Larrea , noble Biscayan:

  • María Esperanza , abbess of Our Lady of Grace el Real de Madrigal, Ávila.

With Juana Pereira , a Portuguese noblewoman:

  • María Blanca , abbess of Our Lady of Grace el Real de Madrigal.


Ferdinand the Catholic was an important character in the history of Spain, he managed to unite the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon , also managing to establish peace between the two kingdoms that were in conflict for territory and political influence . He managed to establish a common foreign policy that helped achieve Hispanic hegemony in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. In his kingdom, the discovery of America was reached in 1492, which was one of the most important events in world history. The war for the conquest of Granada beganwith the aim of strengthening its power in the most homogeneous kingdoms in order to end Islam .


There is no record of a great variety of phrases that have been mentioned by Fernando the Catholic, but some of his most famous phrases are the following:

  • “The nation is quite fit for arms , but disorderly , so that only those who know how to keep it united and in order can do great things with it.”
  • “So Much Ride, Ride So Much”

Ferdinand the Catholic in popular culture

In popular culture, the life of Fernando el Católico has been depicted in various films , such as:

  • The caravel of illusion
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Alba of America
  • The black sword.
  • Christopher Columbus, ex officio … discoverer
  • Juana la loca … from time to time
  • Queen Elizabeth herself
  • The split crown

Several television series have also been created , such as:

  • Requiem for Granada
  • Isabel
  • The White Princess

In literature, we have for example books like:

  • Ferdinand the Catholic by Henry Kamen
  • Ferdinand the Catholic, Chronicle of a Reign.
  • The Political Testament of Ferdinand the Catholic

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