The term fallacy comes from the Latin fallacia which is translated as deception , these little lies are constantly told daily , it can be involuntary or voluntarily , however, in the same way they are used in everyday life , they have a persuasive and manipulative effect that in part sometimes it is difficult to identify , so you must be extremely attentive .


What is a fallacy?

fallacy , it is a deception, an argument that although it may seem totally valid and true, it is not. It is generally used to deceive third parties on some type of specific issue, this being commonly a dispute or a problem . Due to its characteristics, it is often used as a deception method in front of others due to its ephemeral appearance and the cunning in how it is postulated. It is common to see that many people can fall prey to a fallacy , due to the aforementioned, especially when they do not have the necessary intelligence.

  • History
  • Characteristics of a fallacy
  • Types of fallacy
  • Examples


As such, the etymology of the word fallacy is poor, since its history is almost nil. However, this action existed even before it was distinguished by this name , however, since the beginning of societies this type of deceit and persuasion has existed , be it for individual, political, economic or social purposes.


Characteristics of a fallacy

The fallacies are simple when it comes to distinguishing themselves , however, some go unnoticed by many , here are some essential characteristics of this term:

  • They are extremely common deceptions .
  • They can be voluntary or involuntary.
  • They are usually used in everyday life.
  • Most of the time its function is to persuade, manipulate or simply distract third parties to avoid any type of subject.
  • The term comes from Latin .
  • Some are so subtle and delicate that they seem imperceptible.

Types of fallacy

There are two main types of fallacies, these are the following:

Formal fallacies

These are the deceptions or lies in which the falsehood is found in the form or structure of the arguments that are used. These are divided into:

  • Denial of antecedent.
  • Affirmation of the consequent.
  • Undistributed middle term.

Informal fallacies

The mistake or failure of these deceptions is another place that is not the structure or the form of the argument, this fallacy is divided into:

  • Ignorance fallacy.
  • Fallacy of authority.
  • Consequent arguments.
  • Generalization of the consequent.
  • Straw man fallacy.


  • I get dizzy from the humidity of the fog, therefore every time I get dizzy there is fog.
  • I am right because I am older, you are small and small and you are not right.
  • You haven’t lived long enough, I know that because I have years of experience.
  • If she died of hepatitis the whole family will die from it one day.
  • When the crickets begin to sound, the man of the cart arrives in the neighborhood, that is, the man of the cart arrives because the crickets begin to sound.
  • You are not homosexual, if you were we could not remain friends.

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