Executive power


The executive branch is the administrative arm of the government and, therefore, it is also considered as the administration or the administrative branch of the government ; it is the power that has the largest number of employees while operating , implementing and enforcing all laws created by the legislature , and as interpreted, from time to time, by the judiciary.

What is the executive branch?

It is the power of the State whose function is to guarantee compliance with all laws that are developed and established through the legislative power and that are in turn administered by the judiciary .

  • What does the executive branch consist of?
  • Characteristics
  • Features
  • Who represents the executive branch
  • Attributions
  • Duration
  • Background
  • Story
  • Importance
  • Executive branch by country

What does the executive branch consist of?

The executive power is always led by a president , a head of government or a prime minister who has the power to choose his ministers and secretaries , whose function is to take care of what concerns the economy , health , tourism , etc. . Is responsible for decision-making and administration of the government, administers the country and makes decisions on different issues incumbent upon society to govern touching him.



The main characteristics of the Executive Branch are the following:

  • The president and vice president of the executive branch are elected by the people according to the norms and rules of each region.
  • So General elections are held by the vote popular and secret.
  • It usually lasts between two and six years and the president becomes the first president of the nation .
  • After the hierarchy of the president are the ministers who are not elected by the people but by the president .
  • It has the power to issue decrees and regulations that must be respected and complied with by citizens.
  • After a law has been approved by the legislature , the president has the possibility of promulgating or vetoing it if he deems it necessary.


They must carry out the reinforcement and execution of the laws so that they are always executed and thus maintain order within the State. They must perform administrative and financial functions to promote the development of the country’s economy, and they do this by preparing annual budgets , managing wealth, promoting new taxes and selecting the best ways for the country to have economic income . It formulates the necessary aspects for foreign policy and establishes the interests and priorities of the nation. It is in charge of developing and signing treaties between countries and to negotiate within the framework of the law.

It is also in charge of regulating internal politics, developing policies on health , education , culture , nature protection and the creation of national parks. One of its elementary functions is to provide protection and defend peace , in addition to delegating functions through the different organs of the State.

Who represents the executive branch

The main and highest representative of the executive branch is the president of a country. This representative also has the collaboration of the vice president , the members of the cabinet and the ministers who are appointed by him.


The following are attributions of the executive power:

  • Maintain order and tranquility of the entire Nation.
  • Dispose of the collection and investment of national income in accordance with the laws.
  • Monitor the proper functioning of services and dependencies
  • Celebrate agreements , public treaties and concordats , promulgate and execute them.
  • Direct the international relations of the Republic.
  • Receive heads of state as well as diplomatic representatives.
  • Summon the Legislative Assembly to ordinary and extraordinary sessions .
  • Sanction and enact the laws , regulate them , execute them and enforce them accurate.


The duration of the Executive Power in office will be the same as that of the president of the nation and this is established in the Political Constitution of each country.


In ancient times it was represented by means of monarchs , princes , governors and other existing forms of leaders. In ancient Rome, citizens voted to elect their magistrates and these assemblies were known as elections. In the case of monarchies, they handled monarchical absolutism and the king was the only one who commanded and placed restrictions under his own will.

In Athens , the authority was the assembly or ecclesia which was formed by Athenian citizens and they were the ones who elaborated the laws, some time later an organ composed of elderly people was created to oversee the ecclesia, which became known by the name the Senate or Bule , and all laws must first pass through them before being approved.


In the primitive states, Greece and Rome the monarchs all exercised powers of government. With the passage of time the powers were transferred to magistrates but always maintaining the power by the monarchs. By giving up the powers, the monarchs were left with a power that they did not give up because it was multiple and complex, which is what, since the time of Montesquieu , has been known as the executive power .


The importance of the executive power lies in the fact that it is the entity in charge of executing the correct compliance with the laws , through the figure that it has as Head of State or president, being elected by popular vote . He is in charge of directing the functions that govern a country, of promoting and managing the correct application of the laws and of making them respect or invalidate them if necessary.

Executive branch by country

  • Costa Rica : exercised by the president of the republic and the government ministers who act as representatives of the people. The president and vice-presidents are elected by vote every four years and there is no presidential re-election.
  • Mexico : falls on the president of the United Mexican States who is elected by popular and secret vote every six years. Locally, it is exercised by the governors of the different states.
  • Chile : it is a power that is associated with the government and interferes with the other powers of the country. It is represented by the president , the ministers of state and by the undersecretaries .

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