Eva Perón was a woman of great mettle who used her position as first lady of Argentina to fight for women’s suffrage and to improve the lives of the poor . His support for organized labor groups , and his organization of a vast social welfare program that benefited him, won him the support of the lower classes.
- When was he born: 05/07/1919
- Where he was born: Los Toldos, Argentina
- When he died: 07/26/1952
- Where he died: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Who was Eva Perón?
She was a woman who lived in poverty in the years of her youth before fleeing to Buenos Aires , where she met her husband who would become president of the republic, to later fight against poverty , marginalization and in favor of the feminine vote .
- Biography of Eva Perón
- Corpse kidnapping
- What did Eva Perón do
- The female vote
- Eva Perón Foundation
- Eva Perón in Spain
Biography of Eva Perón
Eva Perón was born on May 7, 1919, in Los Toldos , Argentina . After moving to Buenos Aires in the 1930s, she had some success as an actress . In 1945, she married Juan Perón , who became president of Argentina the following year. Eva Perón used her position as first lady to fight for women’s suffrage and improve the lives of the poor , and she became a legendary figure in Argentine politics. She died in 1952.
Eva Perón was born on July 26, 1952 at the age of 33 due to uterine cancer . Apparently, in view of the fact that he was in severe pain, the doctors performed a lobotomy so that he would not suffer. The surgery was performed by a neurosurgeon from the United States . In this operation, according to the investigations, Eva Perón died.
He died after a 30 – day national mourning was established and his body was veiled in the Ministry of Labor of the Nation . The body was embalmed but on November 22 it was kidnapped and did not appear again until 16 years later.
The soldiers burned the Argentine flags that were covering Eva’s body, which was also the object of harassment , then they took him inside a truck driven by former General Jorge Dansey Gazcón . The Peronists fought to find the body, which was later returned to Moori Koening, who placed the coffin in his office and displayed it as a trophy.
What did Eva Perón do
Her work is one of the most notable of women in the Argentine people. He defied the boycott that had been decreed by the United Nations , he fought for the humble and before those who had great power. He did many works of social aid for asylums and orphanages , he used the resources of private companies to donate to the workers.
He had a humble personality and had a great interest in theater , expressing feelings and interacting with other people. He used his emotions for his political speeches, making them different from those commonly heard at the time.
She was seen as a rebel because she was looking for a way to give women their place. He had a rebellion against social self-esteem that was cultivated by the political attitude towards what he proudly opposed and gave himself to be respected.
The female vote
On September 23, 1947, he promulgated Law 13,010, which gave women the same political rights as men. Days after the elections that made Perón the winner , his wife Eva delivered her first political speech saying that: “Argentine women have passed the period of civil tutorials. The woman must affirm her action, the woman must vote. “
From that day on, Eva started the campaign and did it in different places and people, with legislators, with the delegations that visit her, through the radio and the press.
On September 23, in an event organized in Plaza de Mayo , President Peron gave Eve the decree with the enactment of the law , in a gesture expressing recognition of the government for its campaign for political rights woman.
The main speeches of Eva Perón were the following:
- September 23, 1947- Announcement of the Law of the Female Vote
- June 26, 1948 – Act of inauguration of the works for the provision of running water
- May 1, 1949 – Labor Day – Plaza de Mayo
- December 16, 1949 – General Confederation of Labor at the Colón Theater
- May 1, 1950 – Labor Day – Plaza de Mayo
- May 4, 1950- Speech on Citizenship before the Female Peronist Party
- May 1, 1951- Labor Day – Plaza de Mayo
- August 22, 1951 – Resignation of Eva Perón
- December 24, 1951 – Christmas Salutation .
- May 1, 1952- Worker’s Day – Plaza de Mayo.
Eva Perón Foundation
It was an institution created by Eva Duarte , wife of the president of Argentina, Juan Domingo Perón to provide social assistance. It operated from 1948 to 1955. At first it was called the ” Fundación de Ayuda Social María Eva Duarte de Perón ” and on September 25, 1950, by decree 20268, it was renamed the ” Fundación Eva Perón “. Among the most important achievements they achieved we can mention:
- 402 women managed to find employment thanks to the Foundation.
- 650 beds managed to have the 21 hospitals and polyclinics that were built by the Foundation in 11 different provinces.
- 350 elderly people were admitted to nursing homes.
- 500 covers was the capacity of the dining room of the Home of the Employee.
- 20 countries received help from the Foundation in 1950. Food, medicine and clothing were sent to them .
- 148 jobless families living in the city were reintegrated into their home provinces and managed to find work.
- 000 children participated in the third contest of the Children’s Championships «Evita» and the youth «Juan D. Per
Eva Perón in Spain
He arrived in Spain on June 13, 1947 . The Argentine president had devised a world tour called ” Rainbow Tour ” and with it she visited different parts of Spain accompanied by the priest Hernán Benítez . It is said that Eva Perón brought hope to Spain because it was isolated from the rest of the world by the dictatorial regime that had been established there. Already in Toledo, he spoke with Cardinal Plá y Deniel about the construction of the Cathedral of Toledo .
The main books that were written by Eva Perón are the following:
- La Razón de mi vida : it is an autobiography written in Germany and signed by Eva Perón, when she was First Lady and head of the nation. It is based on a Peronist manifesto where he describes his opinions.
- My message: it was the last book he wrote because he suffered from advanced uterine cancer so he had to dictate it. It was a continuation of the Reason for my life and was 79 pages long.
Some of the main phrases of Eva Perón were the following:
- Where there is a need, a right is born .
- I did not want and I do not want nothing for me. My glory is and will always be the coat of arms of Perón and the flag of my people. And even if I leave shreds of my life on the road, I know that you will pick up my name and carry it as a flag to victory.
- As a woman I feel in my soul the warm tenderness of the town where I came from and to whom I owe myself.
- The time has come for women who share a public cause and the time for women as an inert and numerical value within society has died.
- A women’s movement would be of no use in a world without social justice .
- If this people asked me for my life , I would give it to them singing, because the happiness of a single shirtless man is worth more than my whole life.