European Space Agency


The European Space Agency ( ESA ) is an institution that is located in the city of Paris and is considered one of the most important places not only in the place but also in all of Europe. With a total of 22 states that are part of the agency, it works in search of new technologies and research to better understand space, in order to understand the secrets of the earth and the universe.


What is the European Space Agency?

The European Space Agency is an institution that is charged with a group of Member States to conduct research on space to better understand the way the universe works, as well as to promote European industry.


Origin of the European Space Agency

The origin of the European Space Agency was given as a desire that several countries located in Europe had to be able to introduce the continent into the space field , which had been monopolized for many years by the United States and the Soviet Union . In 1972 , the beginning of this spatial organization was proposed.



In 1960 , a group of European scientists decided to form a commission that was in charge of promoting all kinds of research in space and in this way they created the European Organization for Space Research, which was in charge of developing different types of satellites . On the other hand, another group of scientists from Europe decided to start the construction of transporters for satellites and thus the European Organization for the Development of Launchers for space vehicles was born.

With the creation of both institutions, different operations could be carried out, making plans to equip the laboratories and the control and research centers . At the same time, the idea of uniting both organizations arose and a program with ideas to achieve it was proposed. 1973 is seen as the year the new organization would begin to take shape.


The main function of the European Space Agency is to build space plans and programs within the European continent in order to subsequently implement them. This series of programs have the purpose of being able to understand and know in depth the earth , the space that exists outside it, our solar system as well as the universe . The use of satellites that allow the development of new and innovative technologies and services for the continent’s industry is an important part of its function.

member states

There are several countries around Europe that make up this agency, among them are mentioned: Portugal, Czech Republic, Greece, Ireland, Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Romania, Austria, Poland and Canada , which despite not being located in Europe, it is part of some projects thanks to cooperation agreements.

Budget of the European Space Agency

The economic budgets that this institution has, which are used to carry out the different investigations, come from economic contributions made by the same countries that make it up and these, in general , come from their gross domestic products . The budget is around 5,500 million euros which are invested among all its members thanks to employment contracts .


The facilities of the European Space Agency are very similar to university campuses , they have auditoriums where the public is attacked when exhibitions are held. Smaller buildings can be found around the main building, some of them are used to carry out different types of experiments while others are places where scientists work on various investigations . Some have also been designed with the aim of being able to store all the necessary machinery that at some point will cross the skies and outer space.

In the place there are some areas that can be visited by the public that visits the place while others have restricted access . It is the ideal place where you can meet a large number of innovative and interesting projects , including robots that have been created with the sole objective: to visit the planet Mars .


This institution conducts a series of investigations on outer space and thereby intends to improve existing technologies to obtain greater benefits, mainly in the area of ​​electronics and science, and in some new fields such as nano and micro technology. They carry out research in the field of communication mainly with new technologies,


The main contributions of the European Space Agency have to do with the information that European satellites can provide, which can help to anticipate from natural disasters to provide specific information about the territory, for example, thanks to them it was possible to locate people who were trapped after the Indonesian tsunami in 2004. But also, the agency helps to detect water areas in places with droughts, to study the quality of the land in cultivated areas and even the GPS help travel be efficient.


One of the main rockets of the European Space Agency is the Ariane 6, capable of competing even with the best rockets of NASA. The rocket can be assembled at the precise moment of its launch, right in the spaceport and this makes its transport much easier and cheaper. Its main objective is to be able to put a load in geostationary transfer orbit but its final objective is to be able to take astronauts into space .

Another of the important rockets was the Solar Orbiter , whose main function was to be able to take recent images of the most polar regions of the sun . This rocket was made in collaboration with NASA with the aim of being able to study how the poles of the sun affect the behavior of the earth.

The Soyuz rocket whose main mission was to study exoplanets, a mission known as Cheops , despite presenting a failure before its launch, which is why it was suspended, the rocket continues in perfect condition. The latest rocket produced has been manufactured to be powered by solar electric propulsion or an ion engine .

Most outstanding missions

Among the most prominent missions of the European Space Agency are the following:

  • ExoMars : a mission sent to Mars in search of life.
  • Cluster Mission – An unmanned mission into space to study the Earth’s magnetosphere .
  • Double Star : together with China , this mission was carried out to also study the magnetosphere and they were satellites that flew around different orbits of the earth.
  • Envisat : an observing satellite that functioned as one of the largest observatories in the atmosphere .
  • Integral : an orbital observatory that studies gamma rays.
  • Mars Express – a mission to Mars with the aim of exploring the planet.

Future of ESA

The future expected for the European Space Agency is quite promising thanks to the economic contributions made by the countries that are part of it, this with the sole objective of being able to continue studying the way in which the universe behaves and providing information on of utmost importance that helps the world move and move forward.

Work at the European Space Agency

This organization currently has programs for young professionals and even for student internships. The main fields of work are based on the areas related to engineering and physics , information technology , natural sciences and business . To be able to work in it, a command of English or French is necessary.


The main importance of the European Space Agency falls on the investigation of space , the universe and the earth . It has been an organization that managed to catch up with large institutions such as NASA, managing to enter the field of research, technology and different space applications . It has managed, through its discoveries and work, to position Europe as a leader in the space launcher market and they have become an important part of space research.

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