In the history of the independence of Mexico there have been many representative and revolutionary characters at the same time that they were in charge of marking the history of the armed period of the country. An example of them is Emilio Portes Gil, better known in history as “ El Manchado ”.
- When was he born: 10/03/1890
- Where he was born: Ciudad Victoria, Mexico
- When he died: 12/10/1978
- Where he died: Mexico City, Mexico
Who was Emilio Portes Gil?
Emilio Portes Gil was a diplomat , lawyer , administrator , politician and finally temporary president of Mexico , after the president was assassinated, supporting Álvaro Obregón for the elections to be held in 1920.
- What did
- Biography of Emilio Portes Gil
- Political career
- Government of Emilio Portes Gil
- What study
- Physical characteristics
- Importance of Emilio Portes Gil
Emilio Portes Gil was one of the Mexican presidents who managed to establish a council with the Catholic Church , which made it possible for the Cristero rebellion to end. In addition, he managed to give the National University its autonomy and with this, he managed to make the young people not continue with the conflicts, thus promoting the freedoms of the citizens . In addition, he was able to make an equitable agrarian distribution, also facing the rebellion that had been originated by General José Gonzalo Escobar.
Biography of Emilio Portes Gil
Emilio Portes Gil was born in the city of Victoria located in Tamaulipas , Mexico , on October 3, 1890. He was a direct descendant of Simón de Portes, who was his grandfather and who had been recognized in the country thanks to his great political performance. who had arrived in the country from the Dominican Republic. At the meeting the three years , was orphaned of father and mother took over his care. He studied at the local school and college and later studied law at the university.
Emilio Portes Gil died of cardiac arrest on December 10, 1976 in Mexico City. His remains were later transferred to his family’s crypt, which was located in the Panteón Francés de la Piedad, a place where his wife would also be buried later.
By the time the Mexican Revolution broke out, Emilio Portes was still studying his law degree and it was at this time that he established an important alliance with Venustiano Carranza and his cause. His political career began when he assumed a position within the Department of Military Justice for the Constitutionalist party . In 1920, he was part of the Agua Prieta Revolution working as provisional governor of Tamaulipas.
Later, he managed to found the Border Socialist Party and finally, he managed to occupy the position as governor in a constitutional way. He joined forces with Plutarco Elías Calles, of whom he was Minister of the Interior and with this, he promoted his post very quickly. After the president was assassinated and through a strategic alliance , he managed to reach the presidency of the country.
Government of Emilio Portes Gil
Portes Gil assumed the presidency of his country on November 30, 1928 . During his government, when exercising his power as a Maximum Chief , he had the obligation to maintain the ideas of his predecessor, which were based on the reconstruction of the country’s economy to achieve modernization and thus be able to transform Mexico into a capitalist country. . It was with his government that the period called the ” Maximato ” began, taking into account that behind his presidential figure was the “Máximo Chief”, who at that time was Plutarco Elías Calles .
During his tenure, he gave special importance to the National Revolutionary Party (known today as the PRI) and managed to put reformist ideas into practice thanks to his legislative action. He bravely and intelligently faced the Cristero Revolution, managing to sign a pact that would end the conflict.
As a child, he studied in elementary and high school in the city of Tamaulipas and later went to Mexico City where he managed to enter the Escuela Libre de Derecho from where he graduated as a lawyer in 1915.
Its ideology includes aspects related to the changes that had to be made in terms of the country’s political system based on a constitutionalist , nationalist type of thinking , which focused mainly on workers and men dedicated to agriculture in the country. According to historians, this thought was a bit contradictory because on the one hand it gave importance to populism and nationalism but at the same time it also gave importance to the use of money to pay internal and external debts that could only benefit the upper classes .
Among his main contributions are the following:
- He managed to establish a series of agreements with the Catholic hierarchy and with the intervention of Governor Morrow of the United States , he managed to finally make the church recognize the sovereignty of the State .
- He decreed that priests had the option of imparting religious education in churches and that they also had the right to request a reform , approval or even repeal of a law.
- He bequeathed to improve the distribution of land and created several agricultural schools .
- He gave total autonomy to the National University of Mexico and with this he was able to solve one of the main social conflicts of the time.
- It promulgated the Organic Law of the Public Ministry as well as the Penal Code .
- He created the National Association for Children and inaugurated the Mexico City airport .
- During his mandate, the great economic depression occurred and this caused the growth rates of products to decrease considerably, increasing unemployment, so that his economic policy had to face great challenges.
- He created a series of new techniques for agriculture and livestock that were mainly oriented to the demand for food.
- He founded the League of Agrarian Communities and Peasant Unions.
Some people described him as an ugly looking man, he had been obese since he was young, he was short and his skin color resembled that of Jamaicans and on his face, he had a large scar .
Emilio Portes Gil was a very self- confident , determined man , with a way of thinking guided by the need to place his country in a better economic position, which imposed his thinking and that of his Chief Executive Officer above all else. Thanks to his intelligence , he managed to resolve several important conflicts in his country.
His father, Domingo Portes, passed away when he was only 3 years old and his mother, Adelaida Gil , took care of all family affairs.
Contracted marriage in 1922 with Carmen García González and next to it remained until his death.
With his wife he had two daughters, Rosalba and Carmen
Importance of Emilio Portes Gil
Emilio Portes Gil was an important president for the country because he managed to carry out several works that were of great importance for the country. With security and intelligence he managed to stop one of the most controversial conflicts in the country, the Cristero Revolution, establishing at the same time the sovereignty of the government, giving autonomy to the National University and breaking the diplomatic relations that existed with the Soviet Union that were not entirely beneficial. .
There are no data on recognitions made to Emilio Portes Gil but even today he is still remembered as one of the most important presidents of the country because thanks to him the Federal Labor Law was prepared , which was promulgated shortly after.
The main phrase of which there is a record that has been mentioned by Emilio Portes Gil that was representative in his time was the following:
- The president lives here, the one in charge lives across the street.
Some curiosities of Emilio Portes Gil were the following:
- He was known by the name of ” El Manchado “, this because he had a burn on his face that had been the product of a gunpowder detonation.
- He had great skills in the administrative field but was also an excellent lawyer .
- During his tenure he managed to carry out several charitable works that helped the peasants and workers of his country.
- Thanks to him, autonomy was given to Mexican universities.