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Electric cars

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Today, car makers revived the idea of antiquity on electric cars , demonstrating fabrications, they are the best option to move from one place to another. Although electric cars were also popular in the 19th century, it was not until now that they achieved greater adaptation by drivers. With its pros and cons , electric cars are one of the best options for investment today.

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What are electric cars?

An electric car is an alternative fuel car that uses electric motors and motor controllers for propulsion , rather than common propulsion methods such as the internal combustion engine.

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  • What are electric cars for?
  • Characteristics
  • Story
  • Parties
  • How electric cars work
  • Autonomy
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • Future of electric cars
  • Examples of electric cars

What are electric cars for?

First of all, we must say that they serve as an energy saving mechanism , they also serve to avoid contamination of the environment including the sound part, and to transport us from one place to another.

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Characteristics

The main characteristics are the following:

  • They can move with batteries and a motor capable of converting electricity into power to move the vehicle.
  • They produce less pollution than gasoline / diesel powered cars .
  • They produce less noise pollution .
  • The gasoline engine is replaced by an electric motor .
  • They have an electric controller to control the electric motor.
  • The maximum speed is usually 120 km / h.
  • The batteries weigh between 100 and 200 kilos.

History

Electric cars are not a modern invention as they existed before diesel and gasoline cars. In the 19th century , between 1832 and 1839, Robert Anderson , a Scottish inventor, created the first pure electric vehicle. And in 1835, Professor Sibrandus Stratingh from Groningen patented and built small-scale electric vehicles .

The first pioneering countries for this type of vehicle were France and the United Kingdom, but they were not very commercially successful. Due to a series of technological limitations , the maximum speed that these electric vehicles could reach was a mere 32 km / h, and therefore they were used only by upper classes and women .

The Peugeot company was one of the first to launch an electric car on the market and they did so in 1941, in the midst of World War II , due to fuel shortages . In Spain , Emilio de la Cuadra was one of the first promoters of this type of vehicle. There was a time when they stopped being manufactured, mainly in 1930, until their construction was activated again in modern times.

Parties

The main parts of electric cars are as follows:

  • Motor : it can have one or more, this will depend on the design , and its motor can recover energy as it is an inverter motor.
  • Charging port : the electricity is received from outside , from a specific socket for fast charging.
  • Transformers : they are responsible for converting the electricity from a home socket or fast recharge into voltage and amperage values . They are responsible for filling batteries and cooling to avoid the risk of explosion or spillage.
  • Batteries : It is considered as the deposit of “fuel” . Some cars may have an auxiliary battery like any conventional car.
  • Controllers : they check the operation of the vehicle in terms of efficiency and safety , and also regulate the energy that the engine receives or recharges.

How electric cars work

An electric car works when it is powered by one or more electric motors which use the electrical energy that is stored in rechargeable batteries and transform it into kinetic energy . The electric car obtains the traction of the electric motors and stores the energy in rechargeable systems, which are the batteries , which are then responsible for consuming the stored energy while it moves from one place to another. The motor of an electric car can be current AC or current continuous .

Autonomy

Electric cars have greater autonomy than gasoline cars. Electric vehicles have managed to go from a maximum of 155 to 540 kilometers . The 60-kilometer median increase may seem insignificant, but it is actually a whopping 56% range. Taking into account the maximum autonomies, it is believed that by the end of this decade the autonomy could amount to 320 kilometers , which is very likely thanks to the new battery technologies that have been coming out over the years.

Advantage

Among the advantages that we can observe in this type of car we mention the following:

  • They are fully charged with electricity so there is no need to buy any gas again.
  • You can get to save with this type of vehicle of $ 2000 – $ 4000 in gasoline each year. Although electricity is not free, an electric car is much cheaper to use.
  • They represent a source of savings and probably in the future the government will pay you back for being green.
  • Electric cars are 100% ecological since they work with electric motors. They do not emit toxic gases or smoke into the environment since it works with a clean energy source . They are even better than hybrid cars as gas-powered hybrids produce emissions. If you acquire a car of this type you will be contributing to a healthy and ecological climate .
  • They are very safe to drive and undergo the same aptitude tests and procedures as other fuel cars. In the event of an accident, the airbags will open and the power supply will cut off the battery, preventing serious injury.
  • They are currently quite profitable as spending on technological advancements and maintenance have decreased. The mass production of batteries and the available tax incentives have further lowered the cost, thus making it much more profitable.

Disadvantages

Among the disadvantages of electric cars or cars we can mention the following:

  • Charging points : electric service stations are developing. There are not many places yet where there are electric charging stations for this type of vehicle, which means that if you take a long trip and run out of charge, you may be stuck where you are.
  • The recharging time is longer : this because an electric car takes approximately 4 to 6 hours to fully charge . Therefore, you need power stations dedicated to this activity since the time required to recharge them is quite long.
  • They have a short driving range and speed – This happens because vehicles are limited in range and speed . Most of these cars have a range of 50-100 miles and need to be recharged. They cannot be used for long trips from now on, although it is expected to improve in the future.
  • The silence may be seen as a disadvantage: this is because some people like to hear them come noise to see if more cars behind them. However, an electric car is quiet and can cause accidents in some cases.
  • It usually has only 2 seats – most of the electric cars available today are small and only have two fields so they are not designed for large families or a third person.
  • Some entry-level electric car models are still very expensive because they are very new and because of the technology that was used to develop them.

Future of electric cars

Although many people considered that electric cars is a specialized product for a few that have very high sales prices , this is dissipating every day. Specialized analysts think that the price of electric cars has been decreasing as time passes, making them easier to acquire by the public.

According to experts, it is expected that in a few years the cost of electric cars will be as competitive as vehicles that run on diesel or gasoline . These premonitions would produce great consequences for the automotive industry , the oil markets and the mechanisms to stop global warming .

Examples of electric cars

Some examples of electric cars are the following:

  • Mercedes-Benz B-Class 250 e
  • Mitsubishi i-MiEV (2015)
  • Nissan LEAF 24 kWh
  • Nissan e-Evalia 5p
  • Opel Ampera-e
  • Peugeot iOn
  • Renault Kangoo Maxi ZE
  • Renault Kangoo Maxi ZE 2017
  • Tesla Model 3 (standard)
  • Volkswagen e-Golf

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