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Edmund Husserl

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Within the field of philosophy , Edmund Husserl is considered one of the characters who exercised and who had the greatest influence in the area during the 20th century . Most of his ideas are still active and are still being analyzed, taught and studied in many universities.

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: Prostějov, Czechia
  • Where he was born: 04/08/1859
  • When did he die: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany
  • Where he died: 04/27/1938

Who was Edmund Husserl?

Edmund Husserl was an important philosopher and logician of German origin considered as the father of transcendental phenomenology who also struggled to show the field of philosophy as a true science .

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  • Edmund Husserl Biography
  • Thought
  • Edmund Husserl theories
  • Contributions from Edmund Husserl
  • Phenomenology
  • Importance
  • Plays
  • Edmund Husserl Quotes

Edmund Husserl Biography

His full name was Edmund Gustav Albercht Husserl , he was born in the city of Prossnitz in present-day Czech Republic in 1859 , on April 8 . Descendant of a Jewish family, his father Adolf Husserl and his mother Julie Selinger , who always watched over his education. Initially he began to carry out studies related to philosophy , mathematics and science and took several courses at the Universities of Berlin, Leipzig and Vienna.

He worked in Vienna with the mathematician Leo Königsberger and in this same place he managed to get a doctorate thanks to his work entitled ” Contributions to the calculus of variations “ . In 1884 he studied psychology and philosophy and also entered the Martin Luther University . Regarding his personal life, he married Malvina Steeinschneider , and with her he had three children named Wolfgang, Gerhart and Elisabeth Franziska. During his last years he dedicated himself to teaching at the University of Freiburg , the city where he died on April 6, 1938.

Thought

His thinking was based on trying to give philosophy a medium on which to base the system of truths . He considered that he should make a distinction about the evidence of the spirit , which was based on assertoric evidence (truths without neglecting that the opposite may also be true) and apodictic evidence (referring to what is true and what is necessary). Edmund Husserl thought that all the sciences that have existed are based on a series of apodictic truths, however, he considered that philosophy still did not apply it because it needed greater validity in a universal way.

Edmund Husserl theories

His theory was the phenomenological of knowledge where he established the problem of how what was considered ideal could occur because it was subjective , but this was nothing more than the problem of knowledge , in the way in which the transcendental can become immanent. He considers that the problem related to knowledge could not be solved while transcendence was considered as an opposition and that it could only be solved if a type of bridge was built that had the capacity to connect them.

Contributions from Edmund Husserl

Edmund Husserl’s main contributions were in the field of contemporary philosophy and were based above all on the use of phenomenology . He created a way to study objects by suspending all kinds of judgment . Thanks to his knowledge, the descriptive method can be used in order to be able to talk about the different experiences that occur in pure consciousness. He also made it clear that the possibility of error could not exist if the judgment of things was put into practice.

Phenomenology

Phenomenology is a branch of philosophy that seeks to understand and give greater importance to the way in which people can live in the world , this seen from the physical , social interaction and emotional point of view . This philosophical movement began in the 20th century and its objective is to investigate and describe phenomena and the way in which they are experienced by individuals.

It has been a method that has managed to contribute in many disciplines and not only in philosophy because it seeks a way to understand the human being, which is why it can also be applied in other sciences such as psychology , pedagogy and sociology . His highest representative was Edmund Husserl and his thoughts even remain today. His theory of phenomenology indicated that nothing should be assumed about the reality that was perceived. He also sought to study and analyze three very important aspects:

  • The contents of consciousness that indicated that the human being knew and perceived sensitive things.
  • The self-consciousness that determined if the contents that were perceived by man actually existed or if they were only composed of a series of ideas or imagination.
  • The phenomenological consciousness that implied feeling the object without having to enter into reasoning to discuss whether they were real or captured.

Importance

Thanks to Edmund Husserl, it has been possible to carry out research and studies related to the appearances and experiences of the human being. His legacy continues to this day and is applied above all in the field of psychology and philosophy .

Plays

Among the most important works of Edmund Husserl we find:

Fundamental problems of phenomenology

In this book he talks about the fundamental problems related to phenomenology .

Introduction to ethics

They are a series of lessons where the author makes a critique of the history that ethics has , mainly the modern one, and with this, he manages to defend all validity on the ethical principles that have been previously rejected.

Logical investigations

It poses a number of different problems that Edmund Husserl encountered while struggling to understand and obtain a philosophical explanation of pure mathematics . With this work he establishes a new foundation related to pure logic and theories related to knowledge.

Lessons in the phenomenology of the internal consciousness of time

This is a series of lessons that seek to clarify the internal structure that exists in consciousness and that is captured as time passes, also taking into account the problem of the matter, the existence of perceptual synthesis and consciousness.

Synopsis of logical investigations

In this case, the author will try to get a better philosophical explanation related to pure mathematics . This work constitutes a new foundation for pure logic and for the theory of knowledge .

Edmund Husserl Quotes

Among the most recognized phrases mentioned by Edmund Husserl the following are mentioned:

  • The experience alone is not a science.
  • The sciences that focus on the facts that only cause people to feel concerned about the facts.
  • The genuine science , to the best of its truth, has no depth. Depth is a matter of wisdom.
  • I try not to instruct but rather to direct, point out and describe what I observe.
  • The science is nothing more than a value among some others.
  • I found myself in the need to philosophize . Otherwise, he would not have been able to live in this world.
  • Today philosophers are fond of criticism and not the study and understanding of things from within.

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