When talking about dystopia , moles are distinguished , thus referring to some place or area , and dis , which is associated with discord , or something contrary to what is correct or desired , which does not vary much from the concept of this term.
Dystopia is better known as the trend or phenomenon that encompasses all those unwanted, discordic and catastrophic situations and circumstances , which may or may not be happening in a society, that is, it is the opposite pole of utopia, which is a perfect place , encompasses everything desired by man for a world and a society, which is why it is also called anti utopia.
- Definition of dystopia
- Characteristics of a dystopia
- How it differs from utopia
- Examples of dystopia
Definition of dystopia
It is mostly considered as a fictitious society that seeks to focus on everything that is bad, terrifying or fatal, which is why its demand is so high, this society takes what is reality beyond, collects all those banal, cruel and monstrous things of the being human, focusing on all of them and manifesting them through a novel, an essay , a comic, a comic strip , a series, a video game or a movie.
Generally the objective of this society is to expose everything that the human being hides, the primitive, the impulsive is paramount, the disaster must be unleashed at some point and if it does not do it in real life, then the artists who love this society they don’t bother expressing it and manifesting it in various ways.
It is generally defined as a literary genre, however, it covers more areas that are not that, it generally refers to that undesirable world, to everything that is commonly hated , everything that people dislike , since it speaks of their Finally, it is more about that apocalyptic world, in its last shattered days, full of evils and misfortunes, that although individuals would not like to go through these circumstances, they are very attracted by this theme.
As previously stated, it is the term or trend that is distant from or opposed to utopia , its roots come from many years ago in Greece from the terms δυσ which is pronounced dys which translates as bad or malicious and τόπος which is pronounces topos and is translated as place or place.
Although the first time the term was used was in 1868, by John Stuart Mill in a parliamentary speech in which he intervened; This theme or genre originated mainly from the need of some artists to express themselves in the face of everything bad that happened in the world, that need to devise, imagine and recreate a world in which the goods that are possessed in the world are not possessed. Nowadays, since humans are the main cause of destruction of their habitat , which is the earth, some lovers of the place where they were born together with other artists who just wanted to show that not everything was so perfect asor most of the exponents painted it, the utopia was wonderful but not realistic at all. There must have been that cusp point that only led man to the depths of his own mistakes, which is why dystopia originated .
Since this term came to light, there was so much controversy that it spread in the four cardinal points around the world, it did not take long for the works to be edited and exhibited , manifesting all those dystopian ideologies that occurred to him and sharing it. with readers.
At present, the genre and the dystopian trend has become extremely popular , all those futuristic ideologies of the end of the world and the fiction that leads to the anticipation of everything that is the world, humanity, among other things these characteristics one and distinctive have captivated audiences effectively, being today one of the first genres and styles used by artists when it comes to expressing themselves.
Characteristics of a dystopia
There are several ways to distinguish dystopia, however, that is not why some essential characteristics of dystopia are not placed, which are the following:
- It manifests a devastated world.
- It is expressed through fanciful ideologies about the various worlds.
- It is generally about the end of the world or a post apocalyptic world.
- It focuses on the banality and insensitivity of human beings, highlighting their visceral part.
- It exposes and manifests everything that is false that humans are not capable of creating.
- It is the polar opposite of utopia.
The themes that stand out most in this genre or trend are post apocalyptic or are closely intertwined with technology , most of the time it is explained how the world will come to an end, due to some natural disaster or some epidemic, or on the contrary, a world in which robots are paramount or artificial intelligence has exceeded its reach, devastating everything that exists on earth and imposing its supremacy, demonstrating in a certain way that man is the cause of his own destruction.
How it differs from utopia
Utopia is the dream place of every man, the island on which every human being would like to be stranded, that ideology perfect not only for humanity, but also for the world in which he lives, however, dystopia is the opposite It is considered as that wrong place, in which no one would like to live, that which everyone abhors, but which they love to do. The utopia and dystopia are two totally poles opposite , to simplify it , the first encompasses everything that is considered good, glorious and magnificent, however, dystopia is all bad, catastrophic and realistic, to what the human being is of fleeing him, but for what he feels a great and undoubted attraction.
Examples of dystopia
- I love Zombies, César Oropeza.
- The Hunger Games, Suzanne Collins.
- Maze Runner, James Dashner.
- Brave New World, Aldous Huxley.
- We, Zamiatin.
- Metropolis, Thea von Harbou.
- 1984, George Orwell.
- Farm Rebellion, George Orwell.
- Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury.
- Johnny Mnemonic, William Gibson.
- Snow Crash by Neal Stephenson.
- Market Laws, by Richard Morgan.
- Legend, Marie Lu.
- Wake up, Beth Revis.
- The diamonds of Oberón, Fernando Lalana.
- The food of the gods, Gonzalo Moure Trenor.
- Fade to white, Andrea Abello Collados.
- Divergent, Veronica Roth.
- The Handmaid’s Tale, Margaret Atwood.
- A Clockwork Orange, Anthony Burgess.
- The 100.
- Black Mirror.
- The handmaid’s tale.
- The main in the High castle.
- The rain.
- Into the badlands.
- Terra nova.
- The walking dead.
- The last man on earth.
- Dead set.
- Videogames :
- Deus Ex: Human Revolution / Mankind Divided.
- Resident Evil.
- Beneath a Steel sky.
- Cyberpunk 2077
- Kikokugai: The cyber Slayer.
- Bioshock Infinite.
- Fallout New Vegas.
- Papers, Please.
- Portal 2.
- The Warriors.
- The Hunger Games.
- Maze Runner.
- Resident Evil.
- Mad Max.
- V for Vendetta.
- Twelve Monkeys.
- THX 1138.
- Dark city.
- Fahrenheit 45.
- Blade runner.
- I robot.
- They live.
- City of lost children.
- Children of men.
- The trial.