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Dolores Ibárruri

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Dolores Ibárruri or better known as La Pasionaria was born on December 9, 1895, near Bilbao, Spain , and died on November 12, 1989 in Madrid . She was a female Spanish Communist leader , who earned a legendary reputation during the Spanish Civil War , coining the Republican battle cry, ” They will not pass ! They will not pass !” . During her life she led a turbulent career, in which she was imprisoned several times for political activities, she became one of the communist deputies in parliament Republican and, when the Civil War broke out in 1936, he became a national figure.

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Personal information

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  • When was he born:  12/09/1895
  • Where he was born:  Gallarta, Spain
  • When he died:  11/12/1989
  • Where he died:  Madrid, Spain

Who was Dolores Ibárruri?

Dolores Ibárruri was a Spanish communist leader who gained a legendary reputation as an orator during the Spanish Civil War . She emerged as one of the communist deputies in the republican parliament and was a national figure with the Spanish Civil War.

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  • Biography of Dolores Ibárruri
  • Why did they call her La Pasionaria
  • Importance of Dolores Ibárruri
  • Acknowledgments
  • Phrases by Dolores Ibárruri

Biography of Dolores Ibárruri

Dolores Ibárruri was born in Gallarta , a town belonging to the Biscayan municipality of Abanto and Ciérvana , on December 9, 1895. Her family was a mining company and her father, Antonio Ibárruri , was a worker who practiced the Carlist ideology , and was born in the Ibárruri anteiglesia, which had been added in 1965 to the town of Múgica. His mother, Juliana Gómez Pardo , came from Castilruiz.

She was married in the church on February 16, 1916 to a socialist miner named Julián Ruiz and they moved to Musques. The great hobby of his life was reading , and through it he began to acquire knowledge about Marxism that questioned his traditionalist and Catholic education . He decided to adopt the Marxist doctrine as an ideal ideological tool to be able to fight for the “liberation of the working class” in his country.

Together with her husband, she attended the great general strike of 1917 which was made up of the Somorrostro socialist group . In 1917 he was impressed by the triumph of the Revolution of Bolshevik Russia. In 1918, he used the pseudonym Pasionaria for an article published in the labor press entitled El minero vizcaíno.

She always held positions of responsibility within the Spanish Communist Party , for which she was arrested several times. It comprised of its Central Committee and it appeared to the elections to Constituent Cortes , although it was defeated. In 1931 he moved to Madrid to work in the editorial office of the Party newspaper, Mundo Obrero . In 1933 she was president of the newly founded Union of Antifascist Women .

He had six children: Esther, Rubén, who died in the battle of Stalingrad, on September 14, 1942; Amagoia, Azucena, Amaya and Eva. He was affirming his political vocation and channeling it through Party journalism.

With the victory of Francisco Franco in 1939, Dolores Ibárruri escaped by plane to the Soviet Union , where for years she represented her party in the Kremlin congresses , until Santiago Carrillo succeeded her as general secretary in 1960. Although she is reputed to be a it estalinista of the old line, protested the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. he returned to Spain on May 13, 1977, some 18 months after the death of Franco and 34 days after the Spanish government again legalized the Communist Party. She was reelected to her deputy seat in the Spanish parliament that year, but later resigned due to health problems. She remained as honorary president of the Spanish Communist Party until her death.

Why did they call her La Pasionaria

When he moved to Madrid to work for the newspaper Mundo Obrero , he also chose his pseudonym Pasionaria . He decided to use that name because his first article in the workers’ press was published during Holy Week , and with this pseudonym he gained a lot of prestige.

Importance of Dolores Ibárruri

The importance of Dolores Ibárruri was mainly her fight for equal rights , for the equality of people and for social justice .  His fighting spirit and constant search for social justice are still alive even after his death.

Acknowledgments

The main recognition of Dolores was:

  • Dolores Ibárruri Literary Prize , a prize given in Spain in the field of literature and is made in honor of Dolores to promote knowledge of her work.

Phrases by Dolores Ibárruri

Some of the most important phrases by Dolores Ibárruri that have left their mark are the following:

  • Sometimes you have to turn the page and start over , even if it costs or hurts.
  • Better to be a hero’s widow than a coward’s wife.
  • If in normal times there is an adage that says that it is preferable to acquit a hundred guilty than to punish an innocent , when the life of a people is in danger, it is preferable to convict a hundred innocents before the guilty can be acquitted.
  • You are the legend , example of solidarity and heroes of democracy.
  • Workers of all stripes! The government puts in our hands the weapons to save Spain and the people from the horror and shame that the triumph of the bloody October executioners would mean.
  • One day, life hit me so hard that it taught me to resist …
  • One day, they lied to me in such a way that it hurt and then I learned to always face the truth.

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