Diego de Almagro


Diego de Almagro , a soldier of Spanish origin who played an important role during the Spanish conquest of Peru . After serving in the Spanish navy , Almagro managed to reach South America in 1524 and, with his best friend, Francisco Pizarro , was in charge of leading the expedition that conquered the Inca empire in what we know today as Peru. Almagro and Pizarro became joint captains of these conquests, which the Spanish called Nueva Castilla . However, a bitter enmity soon arose between Almagro and Pizarro, causing muchpolitical instability in the new colony.


Personal information

  • When was born:  1475
  • Where he was born: Almagro, Spain
  • When he died: 07/08/1538
  • Where he died: Cuzco, Peru

Who was Diego de Almagro?

Diego de Almagro was a conqueror of origin Spanish who discovered Chile and also participated in the conquest of the Peru venturing into the land of the south to take possession of all the governorship of New Toledo .

  • What did
  • Biography of Diego de Almagro
  • Conquest of Peru
  • Diego de Almagro’s expedition to Chile
  • Death
  • Personality
  • Physical characteristics
  • Family
  • Importance of Diego de Almagro
  • Phrases

What did

Diego de Almagro is associated with the different battles that took place for the conquest of the  Inca territories , together with his father  Francisco Pizarro . It is regarded as the person who organized the  coup  in  Peru , where he was also governor between the years of 1541-1542, when he was executed. Together with  Pedrarias Dávila he  managed to conquer  Panama , he obtained the governorship of  Nueva Toledo . 

Biography of Diego de Almagro

Its origins are not entirely clear. It is assumed that was born in  1475  in  Almagro ,  Ciudad Real l . He was the illegitimate son of  Juan de Montenegro  and  Elvira Gutiérrez.  According to historians, he was transferred as a child to the  town of Bolaños  de  Calatrava  to be raised in the place and thus save his mother’s reputation, for which he was in charge  of Sancha López del Peral . When he was 4 years old, he went to live with  Hernán Gutiérrez , his uncle, but since he was very tough and strict, Diego decided to flee to his mother’s house. He went to  Seville  and began to work as a servant of Luis de Polanco , a mayor of the  Catholic Monarchs , and later became his  advisor . 

Conquest of Peru

Almagro managed to reach  America  in  1514 , together with the expedition that, under the command of  Pedrarias Dávila,  managed to conquer  Panama . It was in this place where he met Francisco Pizarro, who in a short time became his  partner  and who together with the clergyman  Hernando de Luque would  carry out various projects, including the  Conquest of Peru . Almagro stayed in Panama in search of men to recruit while Pizarro captured the powerful  Inca  Atahualpa . After distributing the treasure of  Atahualpa  and  killing him,  they went to  Cuzco, place where they were in charge of taking the city. Pizarro and Almagro ended their friendship after permission to conquer more land was denied to Pizarro.

Diego de Almagro’s expedition to Chile

The conquest of Chile had  two phases , the first in 1535 when  Diego de Almagro,  together with  Francisco Pizarro , organized a   conquest expedition that he later abandoned, returning to Peru. And the second and final one that was organized by  Pedro de Valdivia  in 1541 in which after a thousand problems and vicissitudes they managed to conquer and pacify the region of Chile. 

Diego de Almagro managed to have on  May 21, 1534  the  capitulation  of King  Carlos I  that gave him the  rights  of  discovery ,  conquest  and  settlement  of the lands located in the southern part of Francisco Pizarro’s government in Nueva Castilla and the title of Adelantado of said lands. The expedition cost 1,000,000 pesos of gold contributed by Almagro because they had news from the Incas that the area south of  Cuzco  was full of  wealth .

Once the exploration was finished, Almagro decided to forgive   the  expedition’s debts , return to Peru and  claim  the city of  Cuzco , which would bring him great wealth for his government because the  limits  between Pizarro’s Nueva Castilla and Almagro’s Nueva Toledo were not They were clear but he was sure that Cuzco was his property. At the beginning of the year  1537  they arrived in Arequipa and was Almagro’s turn to defend his belief that Cuzco was his  governorship  and it had to  cope  with  Francisco Pizarro.


In April 1538 the battle of Salinas took place in which Hernando and Gonzalo Pizarro attacked the almagristas in the Cuzco valley . Diego de Almagro’s troops could not repel the attack and were defeated. As a consequence, he was taken prisoner and on July 8, 1538, he was executed.


Not much is known about his personality but it is known that he would have had a sad  and  lonely childhood  , and that he was never able to study; He did not know how to  read  nor did he know how to  write , but at the same time he was a man who was full of  virtues  because he was seen as an  honest ,  frank, generous man  of great  courage . 

Physical characteristics

Diego Almagro was often described as a young very  attractive ,  handsome , he had a  demeanor  and  grace  stately, with  manners excellent ,  intelligent ,  cultured , very good reader, had very  good handwriting , and was very  skillful  when riding a horse. 


His father was  Juan de Montenegro  and his mother  Elvira Gutiérrez . He lived as a child with his uncle Hernán Gutiérrez. He also had a relationship with an Indian named Ana Martínez with whom he had his only son, Diego de  Almagro el Mozo . 

Importance of Diego de Almagro

The importance that Diego de Almagro had were a series of factors that drove and influenced his trip, starting with the  need  to leave for the south of the  new  continent  to explore and carry out his own  conquest enterprise , ensuring the  future  of his  son  through of the conquered territories and to move away from  Peru , when seeing deteriorated relations with Pizarro.


There are no data on many phrases but a phrase that is famous and mentioned to this day is known. It tells the story of Diego de Almagro was once  hit  by a  FLEC to  in his  eye  and lost following the incident. Some time later, meeting with King Carlos I, he told him:  “the business of defending the interests of the crown has cost me an arm and a leg” .

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