The criticism is a systematic doctrine that has an etymological origin in the Greek word krino , which means to distinguish, separate or divide; This doctrine seeks to separate the knowledge acquired from the knowledge that is based on experience, that is, for this doctrine, pristine knowledge in its greatest expression is that which can be scientifically proven, from the rest all knowledge that is expressed and does not have the sufficient bases to distinguish itself as such, it will not be considered true knowledge.
What is criticism?
It is defined as criticism to the philosophical current that gives greater importance to knowledge that has its roots in research than to net knowledge by experiences or experiences of the human being .
- What is criticism?
- History of criticism
- Characteristics of criticism
- Importance of criticism
What is criticism?
This philosophy exposes the doctrine that knowledge that was not acquired through research of any kind, is not true or accurate, experience or human knowledge, for this doctrine, is underestimated, since everything in it starts from the To acquisition and learning based on antecedents that affect said knowledge, this means that criticism questions every criterion or expression that comes from the human being, radically rejecting everything that comes unconcernedly, in the same way hypotheses are discarded or assumptions, since these are pure ideologiesthat without an investigation they do not get to acquire the scientific level; It is important to note that this philosophical trend does not minimize learning through experience , but it does express that it is not enough for knowledge to be valid.
History of criticism
Kant calls criticism as the philosophical current or doctrine that stands out for its maturity over the others, since it analyzes all the statements of the human mind , thus looking for an investigative finding that confirms said theory, it could then be said in this way that criticism is born from a criticism of rationalism and empiricism , considering that in these doctrines the subject’s capacity for cognition was never taken into account , which in criticism is an elementary gear to measure or verify knowledge.
Since ancient times thanks to Plato , small outbreaks of criticism were seen , since he proposed that knowledge existed in humans, and divided this into 3 specific parts:
- Sensitive knowledge.
- Discursive rational knowledge.
- Instinctive rational knowledge.
After this, the faithful disciple of Plato, Aristotle reaffirms this possibility of knowledge, however, he reduced the types of knowledge to sensitive and intellectual, affirming in the same way that one leads to the other and that therefore they are associated; resulting in Immanuel Kant being the main representative and the founder of said philosophical current, implementing in it his morals and ethics.
Immanuel Kant is considered the founder of criticism.
Characteristics of criticism
The characteristics of criticism are the following:
- Informative mission on knowledge.
- The assessment of investigative knowledge about all things.
- Criticism is taken as a study, thus managing to identify true knowledge.
- Try to understand the causes and bases of reasoning.
- Assessment of the cognitive ability of the human being.
- Seek unpolluted, real knowledge.
- Influenced criticism: this evokes the unique and primordial need to solve or find the evidence of universal laws, that is, the theory that human beings had about them and their veracity and credibility.
- Synthetic analytical judgments : this problem is made up of the analytical judgments that were given to the knowledge that was the product of a previous investigation, on the other hand, the synthetic part is everything that is affirmed in the notion of the subject without having neither the experience, nor the research necessary to substantiate such knowledge.
- Forms a priori: here it is stated that the current does not minimize the lived experiences of the human being, however, it is conceptualized that it is of utmost importance to apply the intellect to all that sensory learning, in order to reach a concrete knowledge.
Some representatives of the criticism are:
- Immanuel Kant.
- General history of the nature and theory of the sky, 1755.
- The Only Possible Basis for a Demonstration of God’s Existence, 1763.
- Critique of Pure Reason, 1781.
- Critique of practical reason, 1788.
- Critique of the trial, 1790.
Importance of criticism
The importance of this philosophical current lies in the intellectual value that it contributes to society, since since this current had its origin, the fact that each knowledge had to be previously evidenced from research was taken into account , which gives openness to what is currently the theoretical framework of an investigation and its antecedents .