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Contemporary art

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The contemporary art is an important art form that includes more than fifty types of expressions which have arisen since the end of World War II . Gaining an understanding of contemporary art requires the study of many theories that have been presented over approximately six decades of art. The common denominator is that artistic talent must be formally recognized by the art world. Some contemporary artists reflect the influence of Modernism , including Impressionism , Surrealism, and Cubism , and others diverge from Postmodernism, even eliminating all kinds of connection with artistic movements that occurred in the past.

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what is the contemporary art?

It is a concept that names the general form of artistic expressions that originated in the 20th century or current era from the different avant – garde hatches that occurred at the beginning of the current century.

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Characteristics of contemporary art

The main characteristics of contemporary art are the following:

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  • It is based on abstract expressionism .
  • He has a heritage of artistic avant – gardes and seeks different forms of expression.
  • It has bases from abstract art .
  • His works are original , artistic and leave the mark of the author who makes them.
  • The means or instruments to create contemporary art works are changing and new technologies are used every day.
  • It is influenced by Fauvism , Neoplasticism and Cubism .
  • Emphasize expressions of self and emotions .
  • The colors used are strong and the content is symbolic.
  • It seeks to manifest the movement and repetition of objects on the canvases.
  • The art is avant-garde and surreal .

Story

Contemporary art originated in the late 19th century.  It was formed as a result of the dragging of different techniques that came from that century, and it is considered that Impressionism and Post-Impressionism were the concepts that drove its creation. It was based from its beginnings on different avant-garde movements such as Cubism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Futurism and Dadaism . These currents had the common aspect of innovationand giving art a different space than it had in ancient times. Already in the twentieth century, contemporary art breaks traditional patterns and imposes new characteristics in the way of making art.

Importance of contemporary art

Contemporary art is important because it gives us the idea that art is not separate from life or the world in which we live. The practice of contemporary art has become an exchange between the artist and the viewer rather than an image or object that we hope to admire. Contemporary art has become an extension of life that seeks questions , order and coherence . It promotes questions about our life and also brings fun.

Types

The types of art that are included in contemporary art are the following:

  • Fauvism : emerged as a reaction to impressionism . Its main aspect was the color , the flat and extensive spots .
  • Cubism : Its creators were Picasso and Braques. They used neutral tones to create a fourth dimension. He had greater exaltation of the plane and they used transparencies.
  • Expressionism : It emerged in Germany and was a means of expressing the anguish suffered by the individual through paintings full of drama , expressive and through the caricature of figures.
  • Dadaism : It emerged as a protest against the First World War . It was a kind of mockery of technology and progress . Its main objective was to scandalize the bourgeoisie of the time.
  • Surrealism : The painters used resources such as the animation of the inanimate world, the isolation of the anatomy, fantastic machines that evoked chaos.
  • Abstract art : Known as kinetic art or pop art , I was looking for a style that would give movement to the works. Its basis said that any type of geometric shape that was drawn could lose its stability in the retina of the person who was observing it through optical illusion.

Architecture

It is the modern architecture of our times mainly the one that began to be created in the 20th century . The main idea of ​​this type of architecture is to reject the historical styles that were used in ancient times. It arises from the change brought about by the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution because with them new construction materials were created and the costs of the products were reduced. The most important buildings were the columns , temples , triumphal arches and the Propylaea . Iron, zinc and glass began to be used. the engineering began to have more importance in architecture.

Sculpture

It is considered one of the most modern in art and was influenced by different artistic movements. The change is its main characteristic and the traditional functions that it had were lost over time. The sculptures include new materials and new functions and symbologies were used . Its trends are constantly evolving and the human figure with contemporary art lost importance.

Painting

Contemporary art What is it, characteristics, history, painting, sculptureIt arises as a consequence of modern art and its bases were a set of signs and symbols initiated by modern painters. His main movements were Impressionism , Expressionism, and Neo-Impressionism . The first modern painter we have reference to was Francisco de Goya and the best modern painter was Vicent Van Gogh whose paintings gave rise to abstract painting and Fauvism.

Representatives of contemporary art

Some of the most outstanding representatives of contemporary art are:

  • Ai Weiwei
  • Jeff Koons
  • Yayoi kusama
  • Damien Hirst
  • Yoko Ono
  • Theaster Gates
  • And famous classical artists like Dalí, Picasso, Van Gogh.

Examples of outstanding works

  • Gold Marilyn Monroe by Andy Warhol
  • Blue Poles by Jackson Pollock
  • The persistence of the memory of Salvador Dalí
  • The Son of Man by René Magritte
  • Marcel Duchamp’s fountain
  • The young ladies of Avignon by Pablo Picasso
  • The kiss of Gustav Klint

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