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Classicism

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The classicism part as a movement I try to stick as much as possible to periods of peak of the art of ancient Rome and Greece, therefore, manifested an air of class and decency, stood out for being a cultural movement that aroused the aesthetic trends and perfectionists in the human being, stereotyping the population in this way.

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What is classicism?

Classicism is a cultural movement developed during the second half of the eighteenth century that was strongly influenced by the classical cultures of Rome and Greece . This movement manifested the desire to impose a sobriety on humanity , in order to control not only emotionality. , but also the visceral impulses of the people, diminishing everything that referred to the human being to monotony and banal perfectionism.

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What does it consist of

He stood out for always seeking perfection and aesthetic and intellectual harmony , which the human being possesses in all areas of art , designing or, rather, redesigning human behavior in this way with his works, modifying the reality of society, transforming it. thus in a precise, correct, simple and sober perception of the world that surrounds us, omitting all eccentricity and everything that is outside the social parameters; As you can see, the current lives up to its name by being classic.

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Origin of classicism

In art, classicism is established between Baroque and Romanticism , thus creating a balanced mix of both trends. Some historians and experts in the field usually establish the date of origin around 1750 , the year in which JS Bach died and ends in 1827, the year in which one of the greatest musicians and composers in history died, which was Beethoven.

History of classicism

Classicism as a current had a very short duration, it was receiving fame during the late seventeenth century , it had been going through various circumstances of history such as the one that the West was experiencing at the time, when leaving the nicknamed ” Modern Age “ to go directly to the ” Contemporary Age “ .

During these dates, historical events occur that would change society, in addition to this, the story told at that time would mutate thanks to the classicist movement, as was the French Revolution in 1789.

Characteristics

The characteristics of classicism are perceived with the naked eye since in all his works the bases of the same “ The perfection of the human being ” stand out . Those that stand out the most in the works are:

  • The inspiration in models and works of antiquity, based only on the works of the artistic heyday of Rome and Greece , for example the works taken from Homer , Horace and Theocritus.
  • It is totally rationalist and suppresses all imaginative ideas, the physical features of the human being are exalted, thus emphasizing their way of being and living, being as exact as possible that the artist can capture.
  • He always seeks to tend towards simplicity and maintain clarity in the works , being touched with measure, establishing a harmonic balance thus revealing a true order.
  • Classicism always sought to maintain a pedagogical attitude in its works, since it embodies important events in history, famous people, literary works and architecture of the past.
  • It always seeks to maintain a distinctive character of all genres that allows it to stand out on its own and is not associated with other external movements.
  • Being as realistic as possible, without imaginative characters, it does not merit an exhaustive analysis on the part of those who admire the works , but rather move directly to the moment embodied in the work.

In what social and artistic areas did classicism have an impact?

The artistic movement of classicism managed to impact all social areas for the time, seeking to bring the past to the present time that was lived in Europe , it encompassed all areas of art from literature, sculpture, architecture, illustration to music and theater, having a high impact on these last two.

Illustration

It is for the eighteenth century when the current of illustration was born in France , which makes it become a true base for classicism, where intellectual processes formed a main axis in which it was sought to cover more knowledge in a more methodical.

In the paint

Historical and mythological scenes were captured , with a firm style without exaggerations, in which the center of attention was always on the message to be captured with successive shots, without contrasts or exaggerated scenes or irreverently full of emotion.

In the literature

Is created “The clan of the former” which produced a sensation at the French Academy in the seventeenth century, this had both ancient and modern poets. Great reference is made to the main French poet Boileau , who was one of the main references of the clan. Among his most outstanding creations are the satirical ones based on those of Juvenal and Horacio, in which the taste of certain contemporary exponents is criticized and, in turn, the great admiration for Moliere, La Fontaine and Racine is expressed .

The sculpture

It happens to be the one that translates the theory to practice the strongest, the harmony of the body was without a doubt the main theme when sculpting , as it was done in Greece and Rome. Starting from the works of Michelangelo, expression and moods were very marked.

In the music

It was definitely one of the arts that most converged this movement, the music for this time began to become refined and balanced with simple harmonies and an orderly structure that caused placidity to those who perceived these symphonies , they end up suppressing the continuous bass and end up being the tones that organize the work . For its part, this was the time of the greatest classical music composers the world has ever known: Mozart, Beethoven, Cherubini . For its part, the Orchestra evolves and returns to adapt to the classical form , forming a section of strings, another of windand a percussion. Orchestras are being used not only in special events but also in plays. This gives rise to the Bufas works that are argued with daily life but with humorous or sentimental notes, thus attracting a large number of public.

Representatives of classicism

  • Nicolas Poussin.
  • Jacques Stella.
  • Allan Ramsay.
  • Francisco Pradilla.
  • Jean-Baptiste Santerre.
  • Claudio de Lorena.
  • Beethoven.
  • Mozart.

Plays

Here we highlight some of the most important works of classicism :

  • Sunset in a port, Claudio de Lorena.
  • The Empire of Flora, Nicolas Poussin.
  • Christ Served, Jacques Stella.
  • Landscape with Aeneas at Delos, Claudio de Lorena.
  • Echo and narcissus, Nicolas Poussin.
  • Jason with the Golden Fleece, Bertel Thorvaldsen.
  • Sleeping Venus and Cupid, Nicolas Poussin.
  • Ideal landscape, Gaspard Dughet.

Importance

Classicism drove many artists , more than anything in music , these artists are currently strongly admired for the quality of their works, being used not only in orchestras, but also by showing that classical music has an effect on the mind, it has been implemented for stress reduction treatments among others.

In addition to this, the sophisticated and perfectionist art that unleashed this movement, still continues to inspire new artists who want to join the world, therefore, like all other cultural movements that impact society in such a sweeping way, it is important for the value it added to humanity.

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