Clara Campoamor


Clara Campoamor , a woman well known for her campaigns to seek women’s suffrage in Spain . As a peculiar feature of the Spanish system, she was elected to the Spanish Parliament in 1931, despite not being able to vote at that time. Once there, she successfully drove legislation through parliament giving women in Spain the right to vote.


Personal information

  • When was he born:  02/12/1888
  • Where he was born:  Madrid, Spain
  • When he died:  04/30/1972
  • Where he died:  Lausanne, Switzerland

Who was Clara Campoamor?

She was a writer , politician , feminist and defender of women’s rights in Spain who fought to achieve universal votes for women and who fought to achieve equal rights for all.

  • What did
  • Biography of Clara Campoamor
  • The female vote
  • Importance of Clara Campoamor
  • Works by Clara Campoamor
  • Phrases

What did

Clara Campoamor was a great fighter to obtain equal rights for women , she fought for women’s suffrage , she fought for equality , political freedom and divorce .

Biography of Clara Campoamor

He was born into a very poor family in Madrid , in 1888 . After her father died, she went to work at just 13 years old as a seamstress . However, she continued to study and rose through government jobs, becoming a typist and eventually a typing teacher , and working a second job for a newspaper . Then, at the age of 33, Clara Campoamor decided to formally resume her education, and after three years of intense study, she finished high school and earned a law degree .

In 1924 Clara Campoamor finished her career in law and began her activity within the field of politics, focusing on the recognition of women’s rights. In 1931 she was elected deputy for Madrid, by the Radical Party. She was one of the first three women, along with Margarita Nelken and Victoria Kent, to win a seat in parliament.

He held various positions of responsibility , such as the vice – presidency of the Labor Commission, the general directorate of Charity, participation in the commission of the reform of the Civil Code or the presence in the Spanish delegation before the League of Nations.

After working hard and getting the female vote to be approved, she was unable to renew her presence as a deputy in the 1933 elections. For this reason, she had to leave Spain in 1938 , before the imminent victory of the reactionary military ; and then, the subsequent Franco regime did not allow her to return to the country, so she remained in exile , first in Argentina , and then in Switzerland where she died .

The female vote

From her position in parliament, Clara Campoamor was able to fight hard to eliminate sex discrimination , for equality for children who were born in and out of wedlock, for divorce and for universal and feminine voting . This last aspect had to be discussed in parliament and Clara even had to face Victoria Kent , who believed in voting but did not consider that women were ready to practice it.

In her speech in favor of voting before parliament , she defended that above the interests that the State may have, the principle of equality should be placed and women should get the right to vote at that very moment, without the need to postpone and extend the deadlines for this important step. Despite these difficulties, Campoamor managed to get the female vote approved, although it had to wait until 1933 to be able to exercise it .

Importance of Clara Campoamor

The clarity she had of her point of view of seeing things and her imposition even against her own party made Clara Campoamor a very important piece in the persecution of the female vote in Spain . His constancy meant that in 1931, the vote was finally approved and he defended the rights of women until the day of his death.

His fervent fight in search of the right was also a fight in search of the rights of men and children in general and women and, therefore, for universal suffrage in Spain.

Works by Clara Campoamor

Clara Campoamor has left a series of written works that are still in force in which she reflects her fight for the rights of gender equality . Among the most important we mention the following:

  • The right of women in Spain (1931)
  • The female vow and I: my mortal sin (1936)
  • La révolution espagnole vue par une républicanaine (1937)
  • The Living Thought of Concepción Arenal (1939)
  • Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1944)
  • Life and work of Quevedo (1945)

Tributes and recognitions were made by pro-equality organizations for women. Institutes, colleges, cultural centers, and other places bear his name today. In her name, there are the Clara Campoamor Awards to recognize those who defend the equality of women.


Some phrases of Clara Campoamor are the following:

  • The feminism is a courageous protest against sex a whole decreased positive personality.
  • Republic , always republic, the form of government most in accordance with the natural evolution of peoples.
  • The freedom is learned by practicing it .
  • The feminism is a courageous protest against sex a whole decreased positive personality.
  • I am as far removed from fascism as I am from communism . I am liberal.
  • I defended women’s rights in the Constituent Cortes . Indeclinable duty of a woman who cannot betray her sex.

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