Carotid artery

The carotid artery is one of the different arteries that is responsible for supplying blood to the head and neck . Of the two common carotid arteries, which run to the head on either side of the neck, the left originates from the arch of the aorta above the heart ; and the right arises from the brachiocephalic trunk , the largest branch of the arch of the aorta. Each common carotid artery is divided into a carotid … Read more

Femoral artery

The femoral artery is one of the main arteries that is responsible for providing oxygenated blood to the tissues of the leg . This artery passes through the deep tissues of the femoral region of the leg parallel to the femur . The common femoral artery is the largest artery found in the femoral region of the body. It begins as a continuation of the external iliac artery at the inguinal ligament which functions as a dividing line … Read more


The chlorpheniramine belongs to a group of drugs called ” sedating antihistamines ” which have the ability to help reduce symptoms allergic to the prevent the effects of a substance called histamine. Histamine is produced by the body as a response to foreign substances to which the body produces a series of allergic reactions . It also works directly on the brain to help you … Read more

Frontal lobe

The frontal lobe is the part of the brain that is responsible for controlling important cognitive abilities that humans have, such as emotional expression, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and sexual behaviors. In essence, you can say that the frontal lobe is the control panel of our personality and our ability to communicate . What is frontal lobe? The frontal lobe is one of the most studied parts … Read more

Occipital lobe

The occipital lobe is important for the human body because it helps us to correctly understand what the eyes are seeing . These lobes have to be very fast to be able to process all the information quickly that our eyes send to the brain. Like the way the temporal lobe makes sense of auditory information, the occipital lobe makes sense of visual information so that we can understand it. If our occipital … Read more

Limbic system

The limbic system is a complex set of structures that is located on both sides of the thalamus , just below the brain. It includes structures such as the hypothalamus , hippocampus , tonsils, and many other nearby areas. It is considered as the main person in charge of our emotional life, and has a lot to do with the formation of our memories , in addition to participating especially when … Read more

Temporal lobe

The temporal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions found in the cerebral cortex . They are found in the largest division of the brain known as the forebrain . As with the other three cerebral lobes, frontal, occipital and parietal, there is a temporal lobe that is located in each cerebral hemisphere . The temporal lobes play a very important role in the organization of sensory stimuli , auditory … Read more


The diencephalon is a part of the brain that includes the thalamus and hypothalamus . It is the link between the nervous system and the endocrine system . The diencephalon receives signals from the nervous system and interprets the signals, then the pituitary gland , which largely controls the endocrine system, responds by excreting hormones . What is the diencephalon? It is a structure of great importance that is located in … Read more


The cerebellum is an organ that receives information from the sensory systems , the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain and is then responsible for regulating motor movements . Coordinates voluntary movements such as posture, balance, coordination, and speech, resulting in smooth, balanced muscle activity. What is the cerebellum? The cerebellum is the part of the brain that helps us with our motor activities , which allows the body … Read more

Cranial nerves

The cranial nerves or cranial nerves are a set of 12 pairs of nerves that emerge directly from the brain. The first two nerves, the olfactory and optic, arise from the brain , while the remaining ten arise from the brain stem.  The names of the cranial nerves are related to their function and are also identified numerically in Roman numerals ranging from I to XII. What are the cranial … Read more