The erosion is a natural process of the Earth ‘s crust that occurs when rocks and soil detach from the surface land in which are usually located and transferred to another. It is responsible for changing the landscape through the erosion of the mountains, the filling of valleys and because it causes rivers to rise and fall. In general, it is a fairly slow and gradual process that can even take thousands or millions of … Read more


The biosphere is the layer of the planet that is made up of the parts of the Earth where life exists . It ranges from the deepest root systems of trees, to the dark environment that we can find in the deep ocean, the wonderful tropical forests and the high peaks of the mountains. Life exists both on the ground , in the air and in … Read more

Van Allen Belts

The Earth is surrounded by giant donut-shaped fringes that are composed of a large number of magnetically charged particles that are trapped and are highly energetic . These radiation belts were discovered in 1958 by the United States’ first satellite, Explorer 1 . The discovery was led by James Van Allen at the University of Iowa , which is why the belts were named after him. The Van Allen belts are a group of particles charged with energythat are … Read more


The orogénesis or orogenia is the process by which has been and continues turning construction of the mountains . This process can be studied as a tectonic structural event , as a geographic event , and as a chronological event , in which different orogenic events cause distinctive structural phenomena and related tectonic activity , largely affecting certain regions of rocks and crust. and that they occur in a certain time frame. The orogeny is often accompanied by folds and faultsof the strata, the … Read more

Richter seismological scale

The Richter magnitude measurement scale is the most common measurement standard for measuring the intensity of earthquakes. It was invented in 1935 by Charles F. Richter of the California Institute of Technology as a mathematical device for comparing the size of earthquakes. The Richter seismological scale is used to rate the magnitude of an earthquake, which is the amount of energy released during an earthquake. The Richter scale does not measure earthquake damage which … Read more


The perturbations that occur within the interior of the Earth, which is in a constant state of movement, resulting in the release of energy in packets known as wave seismic . The area of geophysics known as seismology is the study of these waves and their effects , which can often be devastating when manifested in the form of earthquakes. The latter not only take human lives and destroy buildings, … Read more


An earthquake is any sudden shaking of the ground caused by seismic waves passing through rocks on Earth. Seismic waves occur when some form of energy stored in the earth’s crust is suddenly released , usually when suddenly contracting rock masses fracture. Earthquakes occur most often along geologic faults , narrow areas where rock masses move past each other. The world’s major faults are located on the fringes of the … Read more


Earthquakes can cause large amounts of death and destruction. For this reason, understanding them is of vital importance for the inhabitants of the communities. Like all major events, seismic or otherwise, they have to start somewhere. The epicenter is the place on the Earth’s surface where earthquakes begin and are generated . What is the epicenter? It is the word used in geology to determine the place on earth where an earthquake or tidal … Read more


The hypocenter of an earthquake is the place where the rupture of the tectonic fault begins, and it is generally found at a certain depth below the surface of the ground, in the inner part of the earth. The moment an earthquake occurs, the hypocenter radiates a series of seismic waves that are directed in all directions. The expanding seismic waves travel at … Read more

You were geological

Geological periods or eras are what geologists and paleontologists use in order to organize the temporal flow of history on the face of the earth. Due to the large space of time, 4.5 billion years, it is more useful if it is divided into different stages to be able to study it. These divisions are not assigned randomly, but correspond to the different changes that have … Read more