Cartilaginous tissue


As in grammar and in literature, adjectives called connectors are found, in the same way they are found in anatomy , however, these connectors are recognized as cartilage , or cartilaginous tissue and are characterized by being semi-soft and flexible , thus facilitating the mobility of the individual.


What is cartilage tissue?

Cartilage tissue is considered a connective tissue in the anatomy, it does not have blood vessels and it is specially designed to be soft, elastic and moldable , thus providing flexibility ; These are commonly and mostly formed by something that is recognized as ECM, extracellular matrix, this being a means of physiological integration that is based on a set of materials that are part of a specific tissue. The exterior of the cartilage is called perichondrium and functions as a support for it; the cartilage envelops the joints in a certain way, protecting themin this way, they are found in the joints of the ribs and in the sternum, in the same way they provide protection to the trachea and bronchi; It is worth noting that the nasal septum is made up mostly of cartilaginous tissue.

  • Characteristics of cartilaginous tissue
  • Function
  • Types
  • Components of cartilage tissue
  • Where is it located
  • How it is nourished
  • Diseases
  • Importance of cartilage tissue

Characteristics of cartilaginous tissue

Although cartilaginous tissues are one of the most recognized tissues, it is worth specifying some of its characteristics, these are the following:

  • They work as connectors , between one physiological part or another.
  • It is formed thanks to the extracellular matrix.
  • It is semi soft, elastic and flexible.
  • It protects everything that it covers, as if it were a cloak.
  • It can be found in ribs, plexuses, and various junctions that usually need to be covered by another layer of skin.
  • It has a support , which is its outer part, this being called the perichondrium .


Its basic function is to protect other organisms , covering them like a mantle, thus being like another layer of skin that prevents possible or future damage.


Some types of cartilage tissue include the following:

  • Hyaline cartilage.
  • Fibrous cartilage.
  • Elastic cartilage.

Components of cartilage tissue

Its formation is based on what the extracellular matrix is , however, the components that make it have its characteristic shape are chondroblasts and chondrocytes , which coexist to give it its qualities, in the same way it has an external part that serves as a base and is called the perichondrium .

Where is it located

These tissues can be found in the plexuses and junctions of the entire human anatomy , because as previously stated, they are characterized by being connectors .

How it is nourished

Cartilage tissue has various ways of nourishing itself , however, these vary according to its type and origin , some are nourished based on biochemical substances or neurotransmitters , others by the gradual extension of what would be the synovial fluid.


Some of the diseases that could affect the composition of cartilage tissue and its functions are the following:

  • Genetic or biochemical disorders.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Marfan syndrome.
  • Imperfect osteogenesis.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • Cancer.
  • Lupus.
  • Scleroderma

Importance of cartilage tissue

Cartilaginous tissue is extremely important when referring to the joints that allow us to move easily , in addition to this, it is one of the great protections that the anatomy has, being a basic defense mechanism for the entire organism.

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