Cargo Trucks


All the vehicles that are destined for the transport of loads make up one of the most important key pieces when we refer to the logistical operation of a company, its main objective being to move the different products in a certain place and even the time required to seek to achieve the best possible performance in relation to the use of resources . In addition to being an essential piece in warehouses And in the world of logistics in general, not all the people who work in this area have a deep understanding of the different characteristics of a heavy duty transport truck.

What are cargo trucks?

cargo truck is a vehicle that has been built and intended for the transfer of goods , which are made up of a cabin , the chassis and the structure that is responsible for safeguarding the materials that are transported.

  • Definition of cargo trucks
  • What are they for
  • Types
  • Cargo Truck Features
  • Story
  • Parties
  • How Cargo Trucks Work
  • Importance

Definition of cargo trucks

The trucks heavy loads are a part essential to the proper functioning logistics that has any kind of industry because it is through them that makes it possible to move the products so that they can reach their destination in the shortest time possible and with the best possible performance while using the least amount of resources in the process.


What are they for

Carba trucks basically serve us to be able to carry out the transfers of goods , materials, cars, animals and liquids from a certain place to the destination , always seeking the greatest possible utility and performance in the process.


There are many types of cargo trucks that we can find and these can be classified into different categories that are:

By structure

  • Rigid:  the driver’s cabin and the trailer where the merchandise goes form the same structure. They are smaller and are usually used in urban transport and parcels.
  • Articulated : they are composed of two rigid parts that are joined through a joint .
  • Trailer : it has a cabin not intended for the transport of merchandise, and a semi-trailer , which carries the materials.
  • Road train : the truck is joined by one or more semi-trailers . They are called mega trucks and can measure up to 25.25 meters and support 60 tons.

By type of merchandise

  • Canvas truck : it is the most common and its semi-trailer is covered on the sides and above with tarpaulins , which can be removed.
  • Open platform: the platform where the load is and is used to transport heavy goods , construction, etc.
  • Refrigerators : they are in charge of the ground transportation of the merchandise that has to travel refrigerated . They have a cold generation system or only insulation with the outside can be refrigerated, refrigerated or isothermal
  • Tanker : they are used to transport liquid , gaseous and chemical products , which have particular safety requirements.
  • Closed : they have a rigid structure in the cargo compartment. They can only be loaded from the rear. They are vehicles used for urban delivery and parcels .
  • Car carriers : they are specifically designed for land transport of cars . It can be open, which is the most common, and closed.
  • Cage Truck : transports live animals . It has the sides or the roof open so that air reaches the animals and there is ventilation
  • Containers : they are watertight load structures , which protect the merchandise from inclement weather .

According to its weight and category

They are classified depending on how much the total vehicle weighs, including the load, the structure of the vehicle, the weight of the driver and other occupants, the fuel , etc. And they can be:

  • N1 : up to 500 kilos.
  • N2 : greater than 500 kg and up to 12,000 kg.
  • N3 : greater than 000 kilos.

Because of its level of emissions

The nomenclatures of Euro 5 or Euro 6 are used to refer to the requirements of the European Union related to the level of pollutant particle emissions from trucks.

Cargo Truck Features

The main characteristics of cargo trucks are the following:

  • Cargo trucks must have a capacity of load exceeding 501 kg.
  • They must be able to tow up to 9 tons in total.
  • They must have a metal cabin with doors on both sides.
  • Drivers who operate this type of truck must have a type license
  • They are also known by the name of long teams because they are generally more than 12 meters long.
  • They must carry a V6 type label to indicate their dimensions . This label should be bright yellow.
  • When the load of the truck protrudes from the back of it, it must carry a tag that says V-20 so that other drivers know about their load and collisions are avoided .


Cargo trucks have evolved over time to what we know today. Before the arrival of steam to human life, trucks were dragged with horses or other animals destined for cargo . The routes were shorter and generally only made to take the goods to the railway stations . The first trucks for which we have data were born in 1769 , and were invented by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot , which managed to expand until the 20th century.

In 1985 , Karl Benz built what is recognized as the first cargo truck in history , which used internal combustion in the engine to function. In 1986 , Gottieb Daimler built another truck as did important companies such as Renault and Peugeot .

During the First World War , important advances were made to transport with cargo trucks as the use of rubber tires , electric starters , brakes , cabin locks , engines with different cylinders and electric lighting was implemented .


The parts that a cargo truck has are the following:

  • Engine and its accessories
  • Transmission system including gearbox, transmission rod, differential, bearing
  • Chassis including electrical, hydraulic and brake systems
  • Cabin where the vehicle controls are located
  • Structure that determines the use that will be given to it

How Cargo Trucks Work

Most of the cargo trucks work through the use of diesel since it is more economical and brings greater benefits and through the internal combustion of the engine, which makes the expenses are lower and the heat dissipates properly. They not need a system of ignition of high voltage for the compressed air having the temperature increases in the cylinder so that its ignition is spontaneous .


The main importance we observe regarding trucks is that they are the method main used in road to move the goods from one place to another in a safe and controlled manner, with lower costs and more effectively .

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