In general, when you see certain news that is tabloid, you don’t have to be very detailed to observe that they use terms that are very little used at the moment within society , some of these may be ” coup plotters “ referring to insurgents who seek to strike. state, or also ” bourgeois ” referring to a social class that seeks to gain a commercial monopoly.

What is the bourgeoisie?

The  bourgeoisie  is a social class that was born during the Middle Ages which was established as a middle class, in which those who belonged to it had a really comfortable life, since they had different properties and a very profitable economic status .

  • Definition
  • Characteristics of the bourgeoisie
  • Source
  • Story
  • Types
  • Medieval bourgeoisie
  • Bourgeoisie in the modern age
  • Industrial bourgeoisie
  • How the promotion system works within the bourgeoisie
  • Bourgeoisie according to Marxism
  • What did the bourgeoisie do
  • Importance


The bourgeoisie is a term of French origin, the same used in the fields of sociology , the political economy , the political philosophy and above all the story . This designates a social class which did not perform any forced task since it was dedicated solely and exclusively to the administration, so they lived in urban areas which was a privilege, and had a certain reputation within society , as well as great riches and a constant stream of them.


Characteristics of the bourgeoisie

Among the most outstanding characteristics of this social class are the following:

  • Within its structure by levels, what is really the determining factor which makes you rise or fall within this hierarchy is your work activity, your wealth and how well society gives you prestige.
  • Regarding its fundamental principles, it is one of the most important where it is established to understand and know the rights of each civilian and also the division of powers at the political level.
  • As for its political ideology, it is based on the fact that each region calls a country or a nation, it must have a well-established and presented political system.
  • Among the greatest benefits that the bourgeoisie have is opting for positive positions. In addition, they often meet with political and economic elites.
  • They establish very well their differences with respect to the proletariat , and in turn enrich themselves from the economic activities of the capitalist system.


It is considered that the bourgeoisie was born in the mid- thirteenth century , when agricultural activity is at the peak of development , which is why this entire area is improved with respect to trade . When this happens, a group of men is given the task of enforcing a secure trading system where there are certain benefits for farmers .

These men managed to open cities which were closed by government measures, as well as reduced the amount of taxes that had to be paid to export these products. This brought as a consequence that these men who met for this purpose were able to establish themselves as a middle class which profited from the trade at the beginning of the agricultural ones without having to do the hard work.


Over the years these groups of men who met during the promotion of the agricultural field, little by little they were gaining a lot of popularity within societies, so they began to establish themselves as the upper bourgeoisie.

The term bourgeois for the time began to have a certain weight since these men maintained a high social status elbowed by merchants and politicians, as well as living in urban or developing areas totally different from agricultural areas .

Although if there is something to emphasize, it is that during ancient times the main source of income was livestock , however, over the years this class knew how to adapt very well to other later economic activities such as trade and handicrafts. , which were highly valued by the upper social classes .


The types of bourgeoisie really are separated from each other by types according to the location in which they are found. Some of them are:

  • The gentry, its original name being haute bourgeoisie.
  • The “two hundred families” , its original name being deux cents familles.
  • High society being its original name high society.
  • Protestant high society, its original name being haute société Protestant.
  • The lower bourgeoisie being its original name basse bourgeoisie.
  • The middle bourgeoisie or middle bourgeoisie being its original name moyenne bourgeoisie.
  • Great bourgeoisie also called great bourgeois or also great bourgeois, grand bourgeois these come from the German word Großbürger which was used to give a name to a German title of the nobility.
  • The petit bourgeoisie being its original name petit bourgeois which translates as “petty bourgeois”.
  • The popolo grosso and popolo minute of the Italy of the Middle Ages.
  • The biga and the search in Catalonia in the Middle Ages.
  • The illustrated bourgeoisie being its original name Bildungsbürgertum.
  • The golillas and manteístas in the Spain of the Old Regime.
  • The rural bourgeoisie or agrarian bourgeoisie, this expression encompasses an  oxymoron , because the origin of the term “bourgeoisie” owes its identification not only with the urban bourgeoisie but also with the commercial bourgeoisie and the industrial bourgeoisie.
  • The gentry and the yeomanry in England
  • The rich farmers and the confiscation in Spain.
  • The Kulak in Russia.
  • The landowning bourgeoisie that was governed almost all the countries governed by the Spanish during the conquests.
  • The fools being its original name bourgeois bohemian which translates as “bohemian bourgeois.”
  • Snob being its original name sine nobilitate which translates as “snob”.

Medieval bourgeoisie

During medieval times they were the first beginnings of these social groups that were made up of pure town inhabitants, they were dedicated to the merchandise of the products that they had the most traffic, usually vegetables, livestock and handicrafts.

Bourgeoisie in the modern age

With the passage of time, bourgeois societies understood that the true profit of the products was not found only in the sale, but also in the correct administration of the fields, which were in the hands of workers and farmers who did not know the potential raw material that existed in their fields.

Industrial bourgeoisie

During the industrial revolution, which was fully sponsored by mercantilism, those who faithfully bet on the bourgeoisie that was dedicated to the area of commerce and finance . This social class decides to venture into this field where it establishes itself with absolute control of the means of production and export.

That is why it begins to dispense with the proletariat as someone important to whom should recognize their rights faithfully and he begins to look like a number in a table, which did not involve more than a force working which in any moment it could be replaced by another. This begins to contribute to the ideals of the labor movements of the time.

After the French Revolution, bourgeois revolutions began to arise where it was sought, to be given the corresponding rights that these social groups deserved since for the moment, almost all gross domestic production depended totally on the bourgeoisie.

How the promotion system works within the bourgeoisie

The system within the bourgeoisie was quite simple, it is even the one that continues to be applied in societies where this ” upper-middle class ” still exists . It is based on the fact that according to a man he has more renown within society, as well as wealth and wealth, in addition to a renowned position; he was simply going to move up the hierarchy .

If there is something that generated a radical change within this structure, it is the number of political representatives that the person could meet, since this implied a possible position within the government .

Bourgeoisie according to Marxism

Among what is currently known as the conception that Marxism has about the ” bourgeoisie ” is born from historical material: For Marx the bourgeoisie is a pejorative term , and in turn it is also a class which should not exist within society since it deprives working men of their rights .

The bourgeoisie always seek to dominate all the means of production in order to dominate the entire commercial and productive field , which results in great inequality against the proletariat , since they have complete control of the situation they can only be sold as force worker .

What did the bourgeoisie do

From the beginning, the bourgeoisie have dedicated themselves to the government from their origins , thanks to the fact that they take advantage of the capitalism that exists as a system within the nation they live in.

At first, they only worked with products that came from livestock and agriculture, but with the passage of time they began to work with the export of products and little by little they rose in the market.


Although for many people and movements like the workers , the bourgeoisie should not exist as a social class, thanks to them many nations have managed to maintain themselves with respect to their economy . Besides that these social groups are only making full use of their right to trade according to the bases of capitalism, without posing any problem to society except for the working-class sector which is compensated for some other benefit.

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